St. Cloud, Florida

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St. Cloud, Florida
City
City of St. Cloud
St. Cloud City Hall
St. Cloud City Hall
Official logo of St. Cloud, Florida
City logo
Nickname(s): Soldier City
Motto: "Celebrating Small Town Life"
Location in Osceola County and the state of Florida
Location in Osceola County and the state of Florida
Coordinates: 28°13′50″N 81°17′7″W / 28.23056°N 81.28528°W / 28.23056; -81.28528Coordinates: 28°13′50″N 81°17′7″W / 28.23056°N 81.28528°W / 28.23056; -81.28528[1]
Country United States
State Florida
County Osceola
Founded April 16, 1909[2]
Incorporated January 3, 1911[3]
Government
 • Type Council–manager
 • Mayor Rebecca Borders
 • City manager Dennis Ragsdale (Acting)
Area[1]
 • Total 18.065 sq mi (46.79 km2)
 • Land 18.054 sq mi (46.76 km2)
 • Water 0.011 sq mi (0.03 km2)  0.061%
Elevation[4] 75 ft (23 m)
Population (2010)[5]
 • Total 35,183
 • Density 1,981.2/sq mi (764.9/km2)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code(s) 34769, 34771, 34772, 34773
Area code(s) 321, 407
FIPS code 12-62625[5]
GNIS feature ID 0290167[4]
Website www.stcloud.org

St. Cloud is a city in northern Osceola County, Florida, United States. It is located on the southern shore of East Lake Tohopekaliga in Central Florida, approximately 26 miles (41.8 km) southeast of Orlando. The city population was 35,183 in the 2010 census, and 40,918 in the 2013 census estimate. The city is part of the Orlando–Kissimmee–Sanford metropolitan area.

St. Cloud was originally founded as a retirement community for Civil War union veterans, gaining the nickname "Soldier City."[3]

History[edit]

St. Cloud Hotel c. 1922
St. Cloud Hotel, 2011

During the 1870s, Hamilton Disston of Philadelphia took an interest in developing the region while on fishing trips with Henry Shelton Sanford, founder of the city of Sanford. Disston contracted with the Florida Internal Improvement Fund, then in receivership, to pay $1 million to offset its Civil War and Reconstruction debt. In exchange, Disston would be awarded half the land he drained from the state's swamps. He dug canals and, in 1886-1887, established St. Cloud sugarcane plantation, named after St. Cloud, Minnesota, although many long-time locals state the town was named after Saint-Cloud, France[citation needed], located fairly close to Paris.

Diston opened the Sugar Belt Railway to the South Florida Railroad in 1888 to carry his product to market. But the Panic of 1893 dropped land values, and the Great Freeze of 1894-1895 ruined the plantation. Disston returned to Philadelphia, where he died in 1896. The Sugar Belt Railway merged into the South Florida Railroad. An attempt to cultivate rice in the area failed, and for several years the land remained fallow. Then in 1909, 35,000 acres (14,000 ha) were acquired by the Seminole Land & Investment Company as the site for a Grand Army of the Republic veterans' colony. St. Cloud was selected because of its "health, climate and productiveness of soil." It was first permanently settled in 1909 by William G. King, a real estate manager from Alachua County who had been given the responsibility "to plan, locate and develop a town."

On April 16, 1909, the Kissimmee Valley Gazette announced the “New Town of St. Cloud,” a “Soldiers Colony” to be near Kissimmee. The newspaper called the purchase by the Seminole Land and Investment Company “one of the most important real estate deals ever made in the State of Florida.” It was reported that the officers of the company had searched all over Florida for the perfect site for a veterans’ colony, particularly one especially suited for “health, climate, and productiveness of the soil.” It is believed that many of the streets were named for states from which the Civil War veterans had served, but the street names were already assigned to the platted land before settlement occurred.[6]

On June 1, 1915, the Florida Legislature incorporated St. Cloud as a city. Its downtown features landmark buildings by the Orlando architectural firm of Ryan & Roberts, a partnership consisting of two women. The buildings by Ryan and Roberts and others in the downtown area are predominately Spanish Revival.[7]

In recent years, St. Cloud has tried to separate itself from neighboring cities, and particularly the theme parks, by promoting an image of small-town life, as well as attempting to make itself economically less dependent on Kissimmee. On March 6, 2006, St. Cloud introduced CyberSpot, a program which gives residents free high-speed wireless Internet access. The city then ended Cyberspot, quoting "it's too costly". The city is served by the Osceola Library System.

Geography[edit]

St. Cloud is located at 28°14′48″N 81°17′15″W / 28.24667°N 81.28750°W / 28.24667; -81.28750 (28.246590, -81.287540).[1]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.2 square miles (24 km2), of which 0.11% is water. St. Cloud is located on the southern shore of East Lake Tohopekaliga, a water body which is exceptionally clear, with good visibility to depths of 7 to 9 feet (2.1 to 2.7 m). East Lake is nearly circular in shape and covers approximately 12,000 acres (49 km2). It is a perfect example of what is often called a "dish-pan" lake. It produces many trophy bass annually. A familiar sight along the shores of East Lake Toho is the rare, protected Florida sandhill crane.

The major highway is U.S. Route 192 running in tandem with U.S. Route 441 east and west. This six-lane road is intersected by streets running north and south. Many of these near the center of town have the names of all the states in no particular order.[8]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920 2,011
1930 1,863 −7.4%
1940 2,042 9.6%
1950 3,001 47.0%
1960 4,353 45.1%
1970 5,041 15.8%
1980 7,840 55.5%
1990 12,453 58.8%
2000 20,074 61.2%
2010 35,183 75.3%
Est. 2014 43,005 [9] 22.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 20,074 people, 6,716 households, and 5,424 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,190.8 inhabitants per square mile (846.1/km2). There were 8,602 housing units at an average density of 938.8 per square mile (362.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 90.27% White, 2.07% African American, 0.47% Native American, 0.95% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 4.10% from other races, and 2.06% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.36% of the population.

There were 7,716 households out of which 34.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.8% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.7% were non-families. 23.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.5% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 29.7% from 25 to 44, 19.7% from 45 to 64, and 17.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 90.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $36,467, and the median income for a family was $41,211. Males had a median income of $30,955 versus $22,414 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,031. About 6.2% of families and 8.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.7% of those under age 18 and 8.3% of those age 65 or over.

As of 2010 the population of St. Cloud was 35,183. The racial and ethnic composition of the population was 62.1% non-Hispanic white, 7.2% at least partly African American, 1.0% at least partly Native American, 2.5% at least partly Asian, 0.3% at least partly Pacific Islander, 0.4% non-Hispanic reporting some other race and 29.2% Hispanic or Latino. Puerto Ricans by themselves made up 18.7% of the population and were by far the largest Hispanic group.

The median age of St. Cloud's population was 36.8 years. 7.8% of the population was 65 or older. There were 12,565 households with 9,145 of them constituting families.[11]

Education[edit]

Elementary schools

  • Hickory Tree Elementary School
  • Lakeview Elementary School
  • Michigan Avenue Elementary School
  • St. Cloud Elementary School
  • Narcoosee Elementary School
  • Harmony Elementary School

Middle schools

  • St. Cloud Middle School (SCMS)
  • Narcoosee Middle School
  • Neptune Middle School
  • Harmony Middle School (Must live in the harmony area)

High schools

Multi-level schools

  • St. Cloud Preparatory Academy (Kindergarten through 8th Grade)
  • St. Thomas Aquinas Catholic School (Pre-K through 8th)

Charter schools

  • St. Cloud Preparatory Academy (Kindergarten through 8th Grade)
  • Canoe Creek Charter School

Sites of interest[edit]

Heritage Museum
  • Reptile World Serpentarium
  • St. Cloud Heritage Museum
  • The Sausage Castle Aka Mike Busey's Home "The Wildest House In America"

References in popular media[edit]

Play (and Subsequent Film) based in St. Cloud[edit]

Films shot in St. Cloud[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ About St. Cloud, FL. stcloud.org. Retrieved 2015-04-26.
  3. ^ a b City Facts - St. Cloud, FL. stcloud.org. Retrieved 2015-04-26.
  4. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ a b c "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-04-26. 
  6. ^ http://www.stcloudmainstreetflorida.org/history.html
  7. ^ Dalles, John, "The Pathbreaking Legacy of Ryan and Roberts", in "Reflections", the journal of the Historical Society of Central Florida, Summer 2009; pages 8 and 9.
  8. ^ Mapquest accessed March 12, 2008
  9. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  11. ^ 2010 general population and housing report for St. Cloud

External links[edit]