St. Dominic Catholic Church (Washington, D.C.)

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St. Dominic Catholic Church
An image of the front of St. Dominic Catholic Church in Washington, D.C.
Saint Dominic Catholic Church in SW DC
St. Dominic Catholic Church (Washington, D.C.) is located in Central Washington, D.C.
St. Dominic Catholic Church (Washington, D.C.)
38°52′58.7″N 77°01′14.4″W / 38.882972°N 77.020667°W / 38.882972; -77.020667Coordinates: 38°52′58.7″N 77°01′14.4″W / 38.882972°N 77.020667°W / 38.882972; -77.020667
DenominationCatholic
Websitestdominicchurch.org
Administration
ArchdioceseWashington
Clergy
Pastor(s)Fr. Hyacinth Marie Cordell, OP
Laity
Organist(s)Michael White
RCIA coordinatorFr. Hyacinth Cordell, O.P. (clergy, not laity)

St. Dominic Catholic Church was established in 1852[1] as a parish located in Southwest, Washington, D.C. It is in the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Washington and is administered by the Order of Preachers, more commonly known as the Dominican Order, in the Province of St. Joseph (Eastern).

Location[edit]

St. Dominic Church and priory are located at 630 E St SW in Washington, D.C. It is near the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development and L'Enfant Plaza, and is three blocks from the National Mall. The nearest Metro station is L'Enfant Plaza Station.

History[edit]

Origins[edit]

St. Dominic Church was built on land held by Catholic families or institutions since at least 1735.[2] Widow Ann Rozier Carroll relative of Charles Carroll, signer of the Declaration of Independence[citation needed]. Carroll remarried to Benjamin Young, Commissioner of Crown Lands.[3] Although Maryland was founded by Catholic Cecil Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore as the first English colony in America permitting religious freedom, the English government took over Maryland's government following the Protestant Revolution in 1689. Under English rule, Benjamin Young lost his post when he became Catholic. The family lived at a manor house with a private house chapel on what is now G St. SW between 9th and 10th St. near present day L'Enfant Plaza.

Benjamin Young's son Notley Rozier Young inherited the family property which included much of what is now Southwest DC. He married Eleanor Digges, and after his first wife's death, married Mary Carroll, sister of John Carroll, first Bishop of the United States. The property passed to his five children: Ann, Eleanor, Benjamin, Nicholas, and Notley Jr.[4] In particular, Square 466, where St. Dominic Church was later built, passed to his namesake son, Rev. Notley Young, Jr. S.J., a professor of philosophy at neighboring Georgetown College, through whom the property passed to Georgetown College.[5] In 1853, Dominicans purchased the parcel to build a parish from Georgetown for $5055.[6] Until the church was built, the Dominicans stayed with and said Mass at the residence of George Mattingly. The householder's grandfather, Robert E. Mattingly, a judge in the District of Columbia, recounted that "people attending would stand and kneel out into the street during the Mass. George Mattingly, originally of St. Mary's County, Maryland, was superintendent of the Norfolk Steamboat Company, and donated the stained glass window of the Sacred Heart of Jesus.[2] A further family connection to the Dominican order came when Nicholas Young married the sister of Rev. Edward Fenwick, O.P. who founded in 1805 the St. Joseph's Province the first Dominican institution in the United States.[7]

The southern entrance contains a relic of the first Catholic Chapel built in Washington, D.C.. This is an engraved dark sandstone which was the cornerstone of "Barry's Chapel" built by James Barry and dedicated to St. Mary in 1806.[8] Barry's Chapel stood at F & 10th St SW under the present day I-395 highway.

Founding[edit]

St. Dominic Catholic Church was founded in 1852, organized by Rev. George A.J. Wilson, and opened on March 19, 1854.[9] It was set in an area of the city known as "The Island" because, at that time, a canal ran where Constitution Ave. is today which connected the Potomac and the Anacostia Rivers.[9]

As the congregation grew it was recognized that a new sanctuary was needed to hold all the congregants. This new church was dedicated on June 13, 1875 by Most Rev. James Roosevelt Bayley, Archbishop of Baltimore.[9]

After President James A. Garfield was shot by Charles J. Guiteau on July 2, 1881, St. Dominic's joined other local churches in an "Appeal to Heaven" in praying for the president with Rev. Fr. Rochford delivering a sermon denouncing the assassination and praying for the recovery of the president.[10][11]

On March 12, 1885, the interior of the church was destroyed in a fire.[12][13]

Consecration[edit]

Fire of 1885[edit]

On March 12, 1885, the interior of the church was destroyed in a fire.[4][5] The fire broke out shortly after 10 A.M. in the boiler room on the west side of the Church basement. It spread into the Church above, eventually engulfing the altar. The Church's engineer, Mr. Florence McCauliff, housekeeper Miss Kate Duffy, and Officer Burns of the nearby First Precinct Station House rushed to the sanctuary to save articles from the fire. They did not leave until they were driven out by the flames. Officer Burns sustained serious burn injuries to his hands and wrists, but the three were successful in removing everything of value from the altar.[14]

The fire brigade succeeded in extinguishing the flames before the Church was completely destroyed, but broke holes in the roof and stained glass windows in the process. Somber and tearful parishioners gathered outside the burning church. At 2 P.M., when the fire was finally extinguished, they walked into the ankle-deep water inside and carried out everything they could move. In all, the event caused an estimated $50,000 worth of damage to the Church, including the total loss of a $2,000 organ and the destruction of a $1,000 stained glass window over the main entrance.[14] Members of the local community—both Catholics and non-Catholics—banded together to raise funds, and rebuilt the Church in a remarkably short period of time.[2]

Urban Renewal[edit]

Southwest Washington's population dropped by a quarter between 1920 and 1930 and the Federal government designated Southwest "blighted." In 1945, Congress established the D.C. Redevelopment Land Agency (RLA) under the District of Columbia Redevelopment Act.[1] Thus "Urban Renewal" began in Southwest Washington.[15] Goldie Schneider, owner of a hardware store at 716 Fourth St, SW, challenged congressional authority to declared blighted areas eligible for demolition in "the public interest." Goldie's son Joseph H. Schneider, president of the Southwest Businessmen's Association, litigated the case all the way to the Supreme Court, but lost (Berman v. Parker).[16] More than 4,000 families were displaced when their homes in Southwest Washington were demolished. At the time, the Most Rev. Philp Hannon, diocesan chancellor, and representative to the Federal City Council threatened legal action if St. Dominic Church was not appropriately compensated for confiscated property. U.S. Rep. Aime J. Forand (D- RI) introduced a bill to amend the parish's 1856 charter to allow the Church's civil corporation to receive compensation at the contemporary value of the property, rather than the cap set at its charter written over a hundred years before.[17]

The construction of Interstate I-395 and 6th & 7th Street ramps razed the St. Dominic Priory, School, and Convent.[2]

Priests[edit]

Pastors[edit]

  1. Fr. Fr. Hyacinth Marie Cordell, OP (2018–Present)
  2. Fr. George Schommer, O.P. (2011-2018)[18]
  3. Fr. Norman Francis Haddad (1981-1993)[19]
  4. Fr. F.X. Finnegan, O.P. ( -1957 -)[2]
  5. Fr. Andrew M. Whelan, O.P. (1952-53-)[2]
  6. Rev. James B. Hinch (1907)[20]
  7. Very Rev. J.C. Kent, O.P. (1902)[21][7]
  8. E.D. Donnelly, O.P. (1888)[22][7]
  9. Fr. Rochford (1877-1881)[10][11][7][23]
  10. Fr. George Augustine Joseph Wilson (1852-1867)[2]

Parochial vicars[edit]

  1. Fr. Hyacinth Marie Cordell, O.P. (Current)
  2. Fr. Norman Francis Haddad (1962-1972)[19]
Friars' Chapel
Friars' Chapel

Priory[edit]

The old St. Dominic's convent was finished in the summer of 1880 and contained thirty-six rooms.[24]

The old priory was at 515 Sixth St., SW. Following demolition of the original priory under the D.C. Redevelopment Land Agency, the Dominican's leased a building at 439 Sixth St., SW. Finally in 1960 ground was broken to construct the present-day new chapel, and four-story, forty-room residence including a center for assisted living for aged friars.[2]

Priors[edit]

  1. Fr. Jacob Restrick, O.P. (current)
  2. Fr. Carleton Jones, O.P. (2014-2017)[25]
  3. Rev. Timothy P. O'Rourke (1907)[26]
  4. Rev. Fr. Hinch[26]

Historical Lay Communities[edit]

Holy Name Society[edit]

St. Dominic Church hosted a chapter of the Holy Name Society.

The Ladies Sodality of Our Lady[edit]

St. Dominic Church hosted a chapter of the Ladies' Sodality.

Young Catholics’ Friend Society[edit]

A philanthropic group known as the "Young Catholics' Friend Society" which funded free schools is mentioned in connection with the parish and diocese in news articles in the mid 19th century.[27][28][2]

School[edit]

A school existed in connection to St. Dominic Catholic Church until the 1950s when urban renewal began in much of Southwest Washington, DC. The school sat where a section of Interstate 395 is today. In 1948, during an era of widespread segregation, Patrick Cardinal O'Boyle, Archbishop of Washington directed the integration of all Catholic schools and activities. The last graduation was held in 1957 prior to the demolition of the school in urban renewal.

Lyndon Baines Johnson[edit]

This is the Plaque inside the Church honoring LBJ.

President Lyndon B. Johnson occasionally visited St. Dominic’s during his tenure as our nation’s President. His interest in the Catholic Church began when he was younger and it developed as he got older. He was sworn in as President on a Catholic Missal that was owned by John F. Kennedy because a Bible was not in the immediate area at the time of JFK's assassination. His daughter, Luci Baines Johnson, converted to the Catholic faith at age eighteen in preparation for her marriage at the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception.[29] LBJ would make frequent visits to St. Dominic's to pray and reflect with the friars and Luci often asked her “Little Monks” to pray for the President during the Vietnam War. Though he received instruction to become a member of the Church from a friar, he never formally entered. He would maintain an interest in the faith through the rest of his life and would have a Catholic service said at his graveside.[30][31]

Community[edit]

Lay Discipleship Communities[edit]

Dominican Third Order[edit]

St. Dominic Church hosts a chapter of the Dominican Third Order which meets monthly to the present day.

Saint Dominic Young Adults[edit]

St. Dominic's Young Adults a young adult discipleship group begun on the feast of St. Thérèse of Lisieux 2015 continues to the present day.

St. Dominic Cenacle[edit]

St. Dominic Cenacle, an adult discipleship group begun on ___ in 2017 continues to the present day.

Knights of Columbus[edit]

The Knights of Columbus are a Catholic-based Fraternal Organization engaged in charity both local and global in scope, Life Insurance, and faith-based institutional investing.[32] Two chapters of the organization meet at St. Dominic Church presently.

St. Dominic Church has hosted the O’Boyle Council of the DC Knights of Columbus since ####.[33]

St. Dominic Church has hosted the Hickey Assembly since ####.[34]

The church is engaged in a variety of local social and service activities including So Others Might Eat, visitation of the sick and homebound, & The Proverbs 24 Community (P24).

Art and music[edit]

Reredos & Tabernacle
Reredos & Tabernacle

The current reredos was installed in 2013.[35]

A tabernacle from Belgium was installed around 2011.

The ornately carved wooden altar was a gift of L. Kevin and Anne Lynch in memory of Rev. Francis Hyacinth Roth, O.P. (1899-1985) who was ordained at St. Dominic Church in 1938 and served in Boyce, Louisiana according to a memorial plaque.

Architecture[edit]

Stained Glass[edit]

Some of the stained glass windows in the sanctuary date back to 1875, when the church was constructed.[36] The central window above the main altar depicts the Sacred Heart of Christ. It is immediately flanked by a window of the Virgin Mary and a window of St. Joseph, the latter of which was a gift of Ellen Ewing Sherman, wife of General William Tecumseh Sherman, and mother of Thomas Ewing Sherman, S.J.[36][37][38] The sanctuary further has two windows depicting St. Dominic and St. Thomas Aquinas, respectively.

Besides the sanctuary windows, others also date to 1875, including a large rose window portraying St. Cecilia, as well as windows depicting St. Peter, St. Paul, and Dominican shields.[36] However, the majority of the church's stained glass windows were installed in 1965 and created by the Heimer[39] company.[1] The windows depict scenes from the life of St. Dominic and other Dominican saints.

The Hilborne Roosevelt Organ[edit]

An image of the Hilborne Roosevelt Organ in St. Dominic Catholic Church.0

An organ made by Hillborne Roosevelt, the cousin of President Theodore Roosevelt, was installed in the parish in 1887.[40]

Bell[edit]

Cast in 1898, the bears the following inscription:

Laudo Deum verum, plebum voco, conjugo clerum, defunctos ploro, pestem fugo, festa decoro, funera plango, fulgura frango, sabata rengo, ex[c]ito lentos, dissipo ventos, paco crucentos [I praise the true God, call the people, gather the clergy. I mourn the dead, drive away pestilence, grace festivals. I lament at funerals, shatter lightening, sound the coming of the Sabbath. I arouse the indolent, dissipate the winds, and appease the avengeful.]

St. Dominic’s Church, Washington DC, McShane Bell Foundry, Baltimore, MD 1898. America’s last Church Bell foundry, American made since 1858.[41]

Leo XIII, Pope; William McKinley, President, U.S.; James Cardinal Gibbons, Archbishop of Baltimore; Fr. F.L. Kearney O.P. Provincial of St. Joseph Province; Fr. J.P. Moran, O.P., Prior of Dt. Dominic; Fr. J.P. Valleley, O.P.; Sub-Prior of St Dominic; Fr. F.A. Spencer, O.P. Ex-Provincial; Fr. J.A. Bokel, O.P.; Fr. T.P. O’Rourke, O.P.; William Johnson, President of Holy Name Society; Mary A. O’Connor, President of Our Lady’s Society; Margaret Travers, President of the Blessed Virgin Sodality; March MDCCCXCVIII

Shrines[edit]

St. Martin de Porres[edit]

St. Martin de Porres Shrine
St. Martin de Porres

A sculpture of Dominican Saint Martin de Porres by Dominican artist Rev. Thomas McGlynn, O.P. is featured in a shrine blessed on February 6, 2018 in memory of former pastor Fr. Norman Haddad, O.P.. St Martin de Porres is a Dominican saint who lived from 1579 to 1639 in Lima, Peru and is known for his deep prayer and devotion and daily ministry to the poor.[42]

St. Jude[edit]

The National Rosary Shrine of Saint Jude was established in the early 1930’s in Washington, DC. In the fall of 1998, the Dominican Fathers of the Province of Saint Joseph decided to combine the Rosary Shrine of Saint Jude, which had been founded in the 1920s in Detroit MI with the National Rosary Shrine of Saint Jude (Washington DC).[43]

Rosary Shrine
Rosary Shrine
Lourdes Shrine
Lourdes Shrine

Our Lady of the Rosary[edit]

To the right of the grand altar is a smaller alter depicting the Blessed Mother giving the rosary to St. Dominic. The spread of the Rosary, a Marian devotion, is attributed to the preaching of Saint Dominic.[44][45]

St. Joseph[edit]

To the left of the grand altar is a smaller altar with a statue of St. Joseph, spouse of the Virgin Mary, protector of the child Jesus.

Lourdes Shrine[edit]

A plaque attests that the “New” Lourdes Shrine was erected in memory of Rev. Charles H. McKenna, O.P..

Relics[edit]

The Parish hosts a number of relics, including:

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "History - St. Dominic Catholic Church". Retrieved February 19, 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Moran, Mary. St. Dominic's Parish Washington, DC: A Sesquicentennial Celebration 1852-2002. Washington, DC: St Thomas Literary Society, 2002
  3. ^ Henning, George C. (1913). "The Mansion and Family of Notley Young". Records of the Columbia Historical Society, Washington, D.C. 16: 5. JSTOR 40066883.
  4. ^ Last Will and Testament of Notley Young, April 9, 1802. District of Columbia Probate records, 1801-1815. Washington, DC: District of Columbia Archives.
  5. ^ Last Will and Testament of Rev. Notley Young, August 11, 1820. District of Columbia Probate records, 1818-1831. Washington, DC: District of Columbia Archives.
  6. ^ Ledger (May 9, 1853) Georgetown University Archives. record of sale to "Rev.G.A. J. Wilson (Dominican)
  7. ^ a b c d Coffey, O.P., James Reginald (1946). Pictorial History of the Dominican Province of Saint Joseph U.S.A. New York, NY: National Headquarters of the Holy Name Society. pp. 41, 62, 76.
  8. ^ "Relic of the First Catholic Chapel in Washington, D.C. 1806" The American Catholic Historical Researches Vol. 13, No. 1 (JANUARY, 1896), p. 27 JSTOR
  9. ^ a b c N.A., N.A. (December 1952). "Centenary of the Foundation of Saint Dominic's Parish" (PDF). Dominicana. 37 (4): 408–409.
  10. ^ a b N.A., N.A. (July 11, 1881). "Appeals to Heaven". The Evening Critic. Retrieved February 26, 2018.
  11. ^ a b N.A., N.A. (July 11, 1881). "Catholic Churches: Prayers at St. Dominic's and St. Patricks - The Litany of the Saints". National Republican. Retrieved February 27, 2018.
  12. ^ Burke, Athanasius (December 1919). "The Consecration of St. Dominic's" (PDF). Dominicana. Somerset, Ohio: Rosary Press. 4 (3): 42.
  13. ^ "Ruins of St. Dominic's Church [Washington, D.C.], partially destroyed by fire, March 12, 1885". Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs. Retrieved February 21, 2018.
  14. ^ a b "The Evening critic. (Washington, D.C.) 1881-1885, March 12, 1885, Image 1". 1885-03-12. ISSN 2151-3910. Retrieved 2018-04-14.
  15. ^ District of Columbia Redevelopment Act of 1945, D.C. Code 1951, 75-701 et seq.
  16. ^ Berman v. Parker, 348 U.S. 26 [1] (1954)
  17. ^ H.R. 9285 (85th): An Act to amend the charter of St. Thomas Literary Society.
  18. ^ McCarthy, Jodi (September 8, 2011). "St. Dominic's Welcomes New Pastor". The Southwester. Retrieved March 9, 2018.
  19. ^ a b Vaughn, Shannon (November 18, 2016). "Obituary for Father Norman Haddad, O.P. of St. Dominic Church". The Southwester. Retrieved March 5, 2018.
  20. ^ N.A., N.A. (June 24, 1907). "Cardinal at St. Dominic's". The Washington Herald. Retrieved February 24, 2018.
  21. ^ N.A., N.A. (June 21, 1902). "School Year Over: Academy of Sacred Heart of Mary Holds Commencement Exercises". The Evening Times. Retrieved February 26, 2018.
  22. ^ Donnelly, E.D. (February 1, 1888). "St. Dominic's Church Objects to the Contemplated Steam Railroad Route in that Section". National Republican.
  23. ^ Kearns, C. (1920). "A Dominican minstrel" (PDF). Dominicana. 5 (1): 31–38.
  24. ^ N.A., N.A. (June 23, 1880). "St. Dominic's Convent". National Republican. Retrieved February 24, 2018.
  25. ^ N.A., N.A. (November 3, 2014). "A New Prior at St. Dominic Priory in DC". OPEast.org. Retrieved March 2, 2018.
  26. ^ a b N.A., N.A. (April 17, 1907). "Father O'Rourke Chosen". The Washington Herald. Retrieved February 27, 2018.
  27. ^ "The Cardinal's Return: An Imposing Civic and Religious Reception to Take Place in Baltimore on Tuesday". Evening Star. June 4, 1887. Retrieved May 6, 2018.
  28. ^ "City News Paragraphs". The Washington Critic. October 21, 1886. Retrieved May 6, 2018.
  29. ^ "Presidents and Religion: Tiny Christian Sect Produced Three U.S. Presidents - The Tablet". The Tablet. 2012-02-22. Retrieved 2018-04-14.
  30. ^ Company, Our Sunday Visitor Catholic Publishing. "The Johnson's Church". Our Sunday Visitor Catholic Publishing Company. Retrieved 2018-04-14.
  31. ^ "LBJ Presidential Library | Research". www.lbjlibrary.net. Retrieved 2018-04-14.
  32. ^ "Knights of Columbus". April 24, 2016.
  33. ^ "O'Boyle Council, DC Knights of Columbus". April 24, 2018.
  34. ^ "Hickey Assembly, DC Knights of Columbus". April 24, 2018.
  35. ^ "History: Reredos" St. Dominic Church Bulletin. Washington, DC: May 6, 2018
  36. ^ a b c Reflections of Dominican Spirituality: The Windows of St. Dominic Church, Washington, D.C. Washington, DC: Archetype Press, Inc. 1997. pp. 38–40, inside cover.
  37. ^ "Gen Sherman's Son Becomes a Jesuit". The Evening Star. June 25, 1878. Retrieved April 24, 2018.
  38. ^ "Sherman's Jesuit Son: The General's Sorrow on Account of His Son's Course". The National Tribune. September 2, 1886. Retrieved April 24, 2018.
  39. ^ http://hiemco.com/index.html Edward Heimer
  40. ^ "OHS Database: Instrument Details". pipeorgandatabase.org. Retrieved 2018-05-13.
  41. ^ "McShane Bell Foundry - Our History". www.mcshanebell.com/history/ourhistory.html. Retrieved April 14, 2018.
  42. ^ Schommer, George (March 1, 2018). "St. Dominic Church Blesses Shrine to St. Martin de Porres". The Southwester. Retrieved April 14, 2018.
  43. ^ a b "History - Rosary Shrine of St. Jude". Retrieved April 15, 2018.
  44. ^ Herbermann, Charles (1913). "The Rosary". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
  45. ^ Saunders,, Fr. William. "History of the Rosary,". Eternal Word Television Network.
  46. ^ a b c d e f Moran, Mary (1997). Reflections of Dominican Spirituality: The Windows of St. Dominic Church, Washington, D.C. Washington, D.C.: Archetype Press, Inc. p. 40.
  47. ^ a b c d e f Moran, Mary (1997). Reflections of Dominican Spirituality: The Windows of St. Dominic Church, Washington, D.C. Washington, D.C.: Archetype Press, Inc. p. 27.

Further reading[edit]