St. Francis County, Arkansas

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Saint Francis County, Arkansas
20160414 131703484 iOS.jpg
St. Francis County Museum in Forrest City, Arkansas.
Map of Arkansas highlighting Saint Francis County
Location in the U.S. state of Arkansas
Map of the United States highlighting Arkansas
Arkansas's location in the U.S.
Founded October 13, 1827
Named for St. Francis River
Seat Forrest City
Largest city Forrest City
Area
 • Total 643 sq mi (1,665 km2)
 • Land 635 sq mi (1,645 km2)
 • Water 7.7 sq mi (20 km2), 1.2%
Population (est.)
 • (2016) 26,196
 • Density 45/sq mi (17/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

St. Francis County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 28,258.[1] The county seat is Forrest City.[2]

St. Francis County comprises the Forrest City, AR Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Memphis-Forrest City, TN-MS-AR Combined Statistical Area.

A portion of St. Francis County is represented in the Arkansas State Senate by the Republican Ronald R. Caldwell

History[edit]

The county was formed on October 13, 1827, and named for the St. Francis River.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 643 square miles (1,670 km2), of which 635 square miles (1,640 km2) is land and 7.7 square miles (20 km2) (1.2%) is water.[3]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 1,505
1840 2,499 66.0%
1850 4,479 79.2%
1860 8,672 93.6%
1870 6,714 −22.6%
1880 8,389 24.9%
1890 13,543 61.4%
1900 17,157 26.7%
1910 22,548 31.4%
1920 28,385 25.9%
1930 33,394 17.6%
1940 36,043 7.9%
1950 36,841 2.2%
1960 33,303 −9.6%
1970 30,799 −7.5%
1980 30,858 0.2%
1990 28,497 −7.7%
2000 29,329 2.9%
2010 28,258 −3.7%
Est. 2016 26,196 [4] −7.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790–1960[6] 1900–1990[7]
1990–2000[8] 2010–2016[1]
Age pyramid St. Francis County[9]

As of the 2010 census, there were 28,258 people residing in the county. 51.9% were Black or African American, 44.2% White, 0.5% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 1.4% of some other race and 1.5% of two or more races. 4.1% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

As of the 2000 census,[10] there were 29,329 people, 10,043 households, and 7,230 families residing in the county. The population density was 18/km² (46/mi²). There were 11,242 housing units at an average density of 7/km² (18/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 48.36% White, 49.01% Black or African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.56% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.40% from other races, and 1.40% from two or more races. 4.88% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 10,043 households out of which 35.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.90% were married couples living together, 20.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.00% were non-families. 25.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.17.

In the county, the population was spread out with 27.90% under the age of 18, 9.90% from 18 to 24, 29.10% from 25 to 44, 21.20% from 45 to 64, and 11.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 105.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $26,146, and the median income for a family was $30,324. Males had a median income of $28,389 versus $20,578 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,483. About 23.10% of families and 27.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 38.70% of those under age 18 and 23.10% of those age 65 or over.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The Federal Bureau of Prisons Federal Correctional Complex, Forrest City is in Forrest City.[11][12]

St. Francis County vote
by party in presidential elections [13]
Year GOP DNC Others
2016 43.00% 3,195 54.25% 4,031 2.74% 204
2012 40.28% 3,368 58.72% 4,910 1.00% 84
2008 41.21% 3,917 57.72% 5,486 1.07% 102
2004 39.79% 3,815 59.28% 5,684 0.93% 89
2000 40.18% 3,414 58.69% 4,986 1.13% 96
1996 29.19% 2,523 64.35% 5,562 6.46% 559
1992 30.93% 3,289 61.57% 6,548 7.50% 798
1988 47.86% 4,298 51.85% 4,656 0.29% 26
1984 52.10% 5,378 47.14% 4,866 0.76% 78
1980 42.77% 4,485 55.46% 5,816 1.77% 186
1976 34.59% 3,639 65.12% 6,851 0.29% 30
1972 65.95% 5,692 30.98% 2,674 3.07% 265
1968 17.58% 1,608 35.91% 3,284 46.51% 4,254
1964 47.98% 3,377 51.88% 3,651 0.14% 10
1960 39.53% 1,786 53.83% 2,432 6.64% 300
1956 44.87% 1,884 50.35% 2,114 4.79% 201
1952 42.08% 1,792 57.90% 2,466 0.02% 1
1948 8.26% 178 46.91% 1,011 44.83% 966
1944 21.16% 446 78.46% 1,654 0.38% 8
1940 10.14% 192 88.23% 1,671 1.64% 31
1936 4.59% 94 94.72% 1,938 0.68% 14
1932 5.49% 130 92.56% 2,191 1.94% 46
1928 30.82% 617 68.73% 1,376 0.45% 9
1924 29.52% 433 66.26% 972 4.23% 62
1920 40.82% 903 56.60% 1,252 2.58% 57
1916 29.15% 395 70.85% 960 0.00% 0
1912 29.19% 296 55.52% 563 15.29% 155
1908 51.12% 755 41.91% 619 6.97% 103
1904 43.29% 577 55.29% 737 1.43% 19
1900 51.84% 703 46.76% 634 1.40% 19
1896 29.35% 455 70.13% 1,087 0.52% 8

In presidential elections, St. Francis County generally votes Democratic; it has voted Democratic in every election since 1912 besides 1968, 1972, and 1984.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Townships[edit]

Townships in St. Francis County, Arkansas as of 2010

Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas; some may have incorporated cities or towns within part of their boundaries. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (sometimes referred to as "county subdivisions" or "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of St. Francis County are listed below; listed in parentheses are the cities, towns, and/or census-designated places that are fully or partially inside the township. [14][15]

Notable people[edit]

  • Sonny Liston, World heavyweight boxing champion, was born in Johnson Township, St. Francis County.
  • Mark R. Martin, current Secretary of State of Arkansas, was raised near Blackfish Lake and graduated from Hughes High School in 1986.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 19, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 27, 2015. 
  4. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 27, 2015. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 27, 2015. 
  7. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 27, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 27, 2015. 
  9. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  11. ^ "Forrest City city, Arkansas." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on May 1, 2011.
  12. ^ "FCI Forrest City Medium Contact Information." Federal Bureau of Prisons. Retrieved on May 1, 2011. "FCI FORREST CITY MEDIUM FEDERAL CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTION 1400 DALE BUMPERS ROAD FORREST CITY, AR 72335"
  13. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved November 18, 2016. 
  14. ^ 2011 Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS): St. Francis County, AR (PDF) (Map). U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-08-06. 
  15. ^ "Arkansas: 2010 Census Block Maps - County Subdivision". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 29, 2014. 

Coordinates: 35°01′36″N 90°42′15″W / 35.02667°N 90.70417°W / 35.02667; -90.70417