St. George, New Brunswick

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St. George
Town
Magaguadavic River gorge in St. George
Magaguadavic River gorge in St. George
Official seal of St. George
Seal
Nickname(s): A Community Proud
St. George is located in New Brunswick
St. George
St. George
Location within New Brunswick.
Coordinates: 45°08′N 66°49′W / 45.133°N 66.817°W / 45.133; -66.817Coordinates: 45°08′N 66°49′W / 45.133°N 66.817°W / 45.133; -66.817
Country Canada
Province New Brunswick
County Charlotte County
Settled 1783
Incorporated October 17, 1904
Government
 • Type Town Council
 • Mayor Crystal Cook
 • Deputy Mayor Faith Avery
Area[1]
 • Total 16.13 km2 (6.23 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 1,543
 • Density 95.7/km2 (248/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011 Increase 17.9%
 • Dwellings 673
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
 • Summer (DST) ADT (UTC-3)
Postal code(s) E5C
Area code(s) 506
Highways
Route 1
Route 172

Route 760
Route 770
Website www.town.stgeorge.nb.ca

St. George is a Canadian town in Charlotte County, New Brunswick.

Geography[edit]

St. George is nicknamed the "Granite Town" and is located on the Magaguadavic River between Passamaquoddy Bay and Lake Utopia. It is 70 km west of Saint John. The Magaguadavic River flows through the town and into a large gorge and the St. George Dam at St. George, with cliffs on either side, there are also 5 or 6 caves.

History[edit]

The town was founded by Peter Clinch, a United Empire Loyalist who emigrated from the United States in 1784. From the late 1800s to the early 1900s, the town was the center for the regional granite industry. Famous for its red granite, a number quarries operated in the area from the 1870s to the 1950s when the last quarry company closed. The town of St. George was incorporated on October 17, 1904. During the Second World War, two military bases were opened near the town: A Canadian Army training base known as "Camp Utopia" and a RCAF/RAF Air base at Pennfield Ridge. By the late 1950s, both bases were closed; Camp Utopia relocated to form Camp Gagetown, later CFB Gagetown, and the airfield at Pennfield Ridge served as the first commercial airport for the city of Saint John. From 1983 to 1985, a tungsten/molybdenum mine operated 40 km north of the town, at Mount Pleasant, and provided a relatively brief economic boost to the community. The mine is currently operated by Adex Mining Inc. but remains in an idle state. In December 2010, the town receive national attention with the Magaguadavic River flooded causing damage to structures in and around the town. Today, primary employers are aquaculture companies such as Cooke's/True North Salmon and a lumber mill, Lake Utopia Paper, owner/operated by JD Irving.

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

Canada census – St. George, New Brunswick community profile
2011 2006
Population: 1,543 (+2.1% from 2006) 1,512 (+0.2% from 2001)
Land area: 16.13 km2 (6.23 sq mi) 16.13 km2 (6.23 sq mi)
Population density: 95.6/km2 (248/sq mi) 93.7/km2 (243/sq mi)
Median age: 42.3 (M: 40.6, F: 43.4) 40.1 (M: 39.3, F: 41.5)
Total private dwellings: 673 552
Median household income: $58,391 $45,112
Notes: Includes corrections and updates for 2006 data[2] – References: 2011[3] 2006[4] earlier[5]
Historical Census Data - St. George, New Brunswick[6]
Year Pop. ±%
1901 733 —    
1911 988 +34.8%
1921 1,110 +12.3%
1931 1,087 −2.1%
1941 1,169 +7.5%
Year Pop. ±%
1951 1,263 +8.0%
1961 1,133 −10.3%
1981 1,195 +5.5%
1986 1,305 +9.2%
1991 1,345 +3.1%
Year Pop. ±%
1996 1,414 +5.1%
2001 1,509 +6.7%
2006 1,309 −13.3%
2006A 1,512 +15.5%
2011 1,543 +2.1%
(A) population and dwelling count amendments

Language[edit]

Canada Census Mother Tongue - St. George, New Brunswick[6]
2006 language data inaccurate due to unresolved census errors
Census Total
English
French
English & French
Other
Year Responses Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop %
2011
1,525
1,395 Increase 13.9% 91.48% 40 Decrease 27.3% 2.62% 5 Increase n/a% 0.33% 85 Increase 183.3% 5.57%
2006
1,310
1,225 Decrease 13.7% 93.51% 55 Increase 31.2% 4.20% 0 Steady 0.0% 0.00% 30 Increase 200.0% 2.29%
2001
1,510
1,420 Increase 6.0% 94.04% 80 Increase 23.1% 5.30% 0 Steady 0.0% 0.00% 10 Increase n/a% 0.66%
1996
1,405
1,340 n/a 95.37% 65 n/a 4.63% 0 n/a 0.00% 0 n/a 0.00%

Government[edit]

Mayors of the Town of St. George (with corresponding year elected)[7]:

1. Frederick “Fred” Dewar (1904)
2. C. Hazen McGee (1909)
3. Emery A. Grearson (1912)
4. James Bogue (1914)
5. Thomas R. Kent (1915)
6. Hugh Lawrence (1916)
7. Edward F. McGrattan (1918)
8. Emery A. Grearson (1919)
9. Edward F. McGrattan (1922)
10. Arthur W. Stewart (1930)
11. Lawrence W. Murray (1932)
12. Louis Ruben (1934)
13. Allan C. Grant (1935)
14. William Campbell (1940)
15. Riley D. Smith (1945)
16. Arthur V. Callaghan (1948)
17. Delbert J. Thorne (1950)
18. G. W. H. Dinsmore (1952)
19. Cecil S. Leland (1969)
20. Nathan "Nat" J. Rubin (1971)
21. Vernon C. Stewart (1977)
22. Nathan "Nat" J. Rubin (1980)
23. Vance E. Craig (1986)
24. Stanley J. “Stan” Smith (1992)
25. Sharon Tucker (2007)
26. Daniel “Danny” J. Henry (2012)
27. Sharon Tucker (2013)
28. Crystal D. Cook (2016)

The Town of St. George is within the Provincial electoral district of Fundy-The Isles-Saint John West and the Federal riding of New Brunswick Southwest.

Transportation[edit]

The town is centered mainly between Route 1 to the North, Route 172 to the south-east along the most southern portion of Route 770.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "NHS Profile, St. George, T, New Brunswick, 2011". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 11 December 2016. 
  2. ^ 2006 Census Corrections and updates
  3. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". Canada 2011 Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2014-05-24. 
  4. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2014-05-24. 
  5. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012. 
  6. ^ a b Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
  7. ^ "Charlotte County Elections". Heritage Charlotte. Retrieved 18 February 2017. 

External links[edit]