Saint George Terminal

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St. George
Staten Island Railway rapid transit station
St George SIR jeh.JPG
From street
Station statistics
Address One Bay Street
Staten Island, NY 10301
Borough Staten Island
Locale St. George
Coordinates 40°38′36″N 74°4′27″W / 40.64333°N 74.07417°W / 40.64333; -74.07417 (St. George station)Coordinates: 40°38′36″N 74°4′27″W / 40.64333°N 74.07417°W / 40.64333; -74.07417 (St. George station)
Services SIR Main Line
Connection Staten Island Ferry, local bus routes
Structure Open-cut[1]
Platforms 6 island platforms (5 in regular service)
Tracks 12 (10 in regular service)
Other information
Opened March 7, 1886; 129 years ago (1886-03-07)[2]
Accessible Handicapped/disabled access
Station succession
Preceding station   MTA NYC logo.svg Staten Island Railway   Following station
Terminus Main Line
Main Line
AM rush hour express service
No service in this direction
toward Tottenville
Main Line
PM rush hour express service
toward Tottenville
Main Line
Handicapped/disabled access
toward Port Ivory
North Shore Branch
closed
Terminus

Saint George Terminal is a park and ride and sea, railway, and bus transit center in the St. George neighborhood of Staten Island, New York, at the intersection of Richmond Terrace and Bay Street, near Staten Island Borough Hall, Richmond County Bank Ballpark and Richmond County Supreme Court.

Staten Island Ferry[edit]

Main article: Staten Island Ferry
Inside the St. George Ferry Terminal.

The Saint George Ferry Terminal is one of two terminals of the Staten Island Ferry. The other is Whitehall Terminal, on the southern tip of Manhattan near Battery Park. The Staten Island Ferry runs a 24-hour service between the two.

The Staten Island Ferry annually carries over 19 million passengers on a 5.2 mile (8.4 km) run that takes approximately 25 minutes each way. Each day approximately five boats transport about 75,000 passengers during 104 boat trips. Over 33,000 trips are made annually.

During rush hours, ferries usually run every 15 and 20 minute intervals, decreasing to 30 minutes during the mid-days and evenings, and every 60 minutes ( 30 minutes in late 2015 ) during very late or early morning hours (the midnight hours). At weekends ferries run every 30 and 60 minutes. In November 2006, additional ferries running every 30 minutes were provided during the weekend morning hours - the most significant change in the ferry schedule for about 3 decades.

Staten Island Railway[edit]

The rail station, signed as St. George, is the northern terminus of the main line of the Staten Island Railway. Service is provided 24 hours a day, every day. It is also one of two stations that require the US$2.75 fare on entry and exit, the other being Tompkinsville. This station is handicapped accessible and it is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act.[3][4]

This station is open cut with a four-lane bus terminal and parking lot above it. The station has five active platforms and ten tracks, numbered 1 through 10 from east to west. All tracks end at bumper blocks at their northern ends. There is also a sixth platform to the west that is a passageway to the North Municipal Parking Field on Richmond Terrace, and towards Richmond County Bank Ballpark, one of two access points to this station. The track ballast is present through this construction zone. The mezzanine area has separate fare control areas, east side for entering passengers, and west side for exiting. Station booths and MetroCard vending machines are located on both sides. Just before each platform bay are the old destination indicators to the left and right of each platform entrance, corresponding to each departing track. There are green bulbs above these displays that indicate where the next train will be leaving from. This station originally opened with nothing overhead; no bus bays and no ramps.[5] It was the site of a 1946 fire that nearly destroyed the terminal.[6][7]

Just south of the station towards Tompkinsville, the SIR runs in the system's only tunnel, known as the St. George Tunnel.[5]

New York City Bus[edit]

Bus at St. George Ferry Terminal

The Metropolitan Transportation Authority operates a number of bus routes in Staten Island, New York, United States. Some of them are the direct descendants of streetcar lines (see list of streetcar lines in Staten Island).

Departures are given below by loading bay.

Ramp Routes Destination Notes
A S61 Local
S91 Limited
Staten Island Mall
  • S61 full-time
  • S91 PM rush-only limited-stop service.
S62 Local
S92 Limited
Travis
via College of Staten Island
  • S62 all times.
  • S92 PM rush-only limited-stop service.
S66 Port Richmond
  • Weekdays only.
  • Via Grymes Hill.
S78 Charleston
Bricktown Center Mall
  • S78 all times.
  • Stopped at Ramp D prior to June 27, 2010 service reductions
B S51 Local
S81 Limited
Grant City
via South Beach
  • S51 all times.
  • S81 PM rush-only limited-stop service.
S74 Local
S84 Limited
Charleston
Bricktown Center Mall
  • S74 all times.
  • S84 PM rush-only limited-stop service.
S76 Local
S86 Limited
Oakwood
  • S76 weekdays only.
  • S86 PM rush-only limited-stop service.
C S46 Local
S96 Limited
Chelsea
West Shore Plaza
  • S46 all times.
  • S96 PM rush-only limited-stop service.
S48 Local
S98 Limited
Arlington
  • S48 all times.
  • S98 PM rush-only limited-stop service.
D S40 Local
S90 Limited
Old Place
Goethals Homes
  • S40 all times.
  • S90 PM rush-only limited-stop service.
S44 Local
S94 Limited
Staten Island Mall
via Port Richmond
  • S44 full-time.
  • S94 PM rush-only limited-stop service.
S42 New Brighton
  • Runs rush hours and evenings only
  • Stopped at Ramp C prior to June 27, 2010 service reductions
S52 South Beach
Staten Island University Hospital

History[edit]

A new ferry and rail terminal at the St. George site (then called St. George's Landing)[8] and an extension of the SIRT north form Vanderbilt's Landing (today's Clifton Station) had been proposed in the 1870s by the owners of the Staten Island Railroad, George Law and Cornelius Vanderbilt, to replace the various ferry sites on the north and east shores Staten Island.[7][9] St. George was selected due to it being the closest point from Staten Island to Manhattan, approximately a five mile distance.[7] An extension of the line to Tompkinsville was opened in 1884, and the underground tunnel between Tompkinsville and the terminal was constructed from 1884 to 1885.[5] The ferry terminal was opened in early 1886, while the rail terminal opened in March of that year.[2][8] The terminal's entrance building would be opened in 1897.[6]

The St. George rail terminal as originally built was constructed of wood, with no overhead obstructions. Adjacent to the station was a large freight terminal called the St. George Yard, where the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad's freight operations exchanged with car floats to other terminals in the New York Harbor.[5] The B&O also operated the SIRT and ferries under a 99-year lease signed in 1885.[6] A trolley terminal for the Staten Island Electric Company was formerly located above the ferryhouse.[10]

The St. George tunnel was lengthened in 1905.[5] It was built with two portals; one on the geographic east side currently in use by the SIR, and an additional western portal intended for a never-built connection to the New York City Subway in Brooklyn.[5]

On June 25, 1946, a large fire destroyed both the wooden ferry and rail terminals. Full service was restored in July of that year. A new facility was built by the city, opening in 1951.[7][6] The former freight yard is currently the site of the NYCDOT Municipal Parking Lot.[7]

The station served as the northern (eastern) terminus for the SIR North Shore Branch to Arlington and Port Ivory until its closure in 1953. The line used tracks 11 and 12 on the north end of the terminal, which are currently unused.[5][6][11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Main Line
  2. ^ a b "Staten Island's Rapid Transit: The New System Which Lessens Time and Increases Facilities". nytimes.com. The New York Times. March 9, 1886. Retrieved 24 July 2015. 
  3. ^ "North Shore line". 
  4. ^ "MTA NYC Transit - Staten Island Railway Strip map (including bus transfers and parking)". Retrieved 2009-02-26. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Pitanza, Marc (2015). Staten Island Rapid Transit Images of Rail. Arcadia Pubishing. ISBN 978-1-4671-2338-9. 
  6. ^ a b c d e Leigh, Irvin; Matus, Paul (January 2002). "State Island Rapid Transit: The Essential History". thethirdrail.net. The Third Rail Online. Retrieved 27 June 2015. 
  7. ^ a b c d e Roger P. Roess; Gene Sansone (23 August 2012). The Wheels That Drove New York: A History of the New York City Transit System. Springer Science & Business Media. pp. 416–. ISBN 978-3-642-30484-2. 
  8. ^ a b "Rapid Transit on Staten Island". nytimes.com. The New York Times. January 17, 1886. Retrieved 24 July 2015. 
  9. ^ "Staten Islanders Worried: Anxious to Know Who Will Run the Ferryboats to This City". nytimes.com. The New York Times. May 25, 1893. Retrieved 24 July 2015. 
  10. ^ "Two Fires on Staten Island: Ferryhouse at St. George and Overhead Trolley Structure Badly Damaged—Blaze at Cricket Club". nytimes.com. The New York Times. November 13, 1899. Retrieved 31 July 2015. 
  11. ^ Office of Diane J. Savino (2013). "State Senator Diane J. Savino’s 2013 Staten Island Railway Rider Report" (PDF). nysenate.gov. New York State Senate. Retrieved 31 July 2015. 

External links[edit]