St. Hilaire, Minnesota

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St. Hilaire, Minnesota
City
Location of St. Hilaire, Minnesota
Location of St. Hilaire, Minnesota
Coordinates: 48°0′47″N 96°12′51″W / 48.01306°N 96.21417°W / 48.01306; -96.21417Coordinates: 48°0′47″N 96°12′51″W / 48.01306°N 96.21417°W / 48.01306; -96.21417
Country United States
State Minnesota
County Pennington
Area[1]
 • Total 0.83 sq mi (2.15 km2)
 • Land 0.77 sq mi (1.99 km2)
 • Water 0.06 sq mi (0.16 km2)
Elevation 1,089 ft (332 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 279
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 282
 • Density 362.3/sq mi (139.9/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
FIPS code 27-57022[4]
GNIS feature ID 0650607[5]

St. Hilaire is a city in section 6 of River Falls Township in Pennington County, Minnesota, United States. The population was 279 at the 2010 census.[6]

History[edit]

St. Hilaire was platted in 1882 and incorporated as a village on the auspicious date of July 4, 1883. Also on that date, St. Hilaire had rail service for the first time, as the Great Northern Railway opened a branch line from Crookston, Minnesota through Shirley, seven miles north of Crookston, Dorothy and Ives Station, to St. Hilaire.

St. Hilaire received its name in one of three ways:

  • A Frenchman named St. Hilaire lived in a shack by the Red Lake River, selling items like gunpowder and tobacco, and when an item was needed, residents would "go to St. Hilaire" for it, and the name stuck.
  • A Frenchman named Arthur Yvernault bought land on which the townsite was then platted and named for his hometown in France.
  • It was named by Hon. Frank Ives for the French Statesman and author Jules Barthélemy-Saint-Hilaire, who was born in Paris, August 19, 1805, and died November 24, 1895. Frank Ives was a judge in Crookston, MN, which was the county seat of Polk County (of which Pennington was then a part) and his son, Harry Ives, was the postmaster when the St. Hilaire post office began in 1882 while still part of Polk County. Frank Ives owned land in St. Hilaire, but never lived there. This third possibility was favored by historian Warren Upham, and by extension by the Minnesota Historical Society.[7]

Harry Ives was also the publisher of the St. Hilaire Spectator, the first newspaper to serve this community. The Spectator was published from 1883 to 1942, when it closed and sold its subscription list to the Thief River Falls Times.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.83 square miles (2.15 km2), of which 0.77 square miles (1.99 km2) is land and 0.06 square miles (0.16 km2) is water.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 193
1900 840 335.2%
1910 468 −44.3%
1920 346 −26.1%
1930 280 −19.1%
1940 288 2.9%
1950 276 −4.2%
1960 270 −2.2%
1970 337 24.8%
1980 388 15.1%
1990 298 −23.2%
2000 272 −8.7%
2010 279 2.6%
Est. 2014 276 [8] −1.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 279 people, 123 households, and 71 families residing in the city. The population density was 362.3 inhabitants per square mile (139.9/km2). There were 131 housing units at an average density of 170.1 per square mile (65.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.8% White, 1.1% Native American, 0.7% from other races, and 0.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.4% of the population.

There were 123 households of which 30.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.1% were married couples living together, 6.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 8.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 42.3% were non-families. 32.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.87.

The median age in the city was 37.1 years. 25.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.9% were from 25 to 44; 30.9% were from 45 to 64; and 11.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 53.0% male and 47.0% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 272 people, 121 households, and 68 families residing in the city. The population density was 354.0 people per square mile (136.4/km²). There were 127 housing units at an average density of 165.3 per square mile (63.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.53% White, and 1.47% from two or more races.

There were 121 households out of which 32.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.4% were married couples living together, 13.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.0% were non-families. 33.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.5% under the age of 18, 11.8% from 18 to 24, 30.5% from 25 to 44, 23.5% from 45 to 64, and 7.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 106.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $26,250, and the median income for a family was $37,143. Males had a median income of $27,188 versus $19,583 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,317. About 3.3% of families and 14.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.2% of those under the age of eighteen and 40.0% of those sixty five or over.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-13. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-13. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 Census. Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  7. ^ Upham, Warren (2001) Minnesota Place Names, A Geographical Encyclopedia, Third Edition, p436,437; MHS Press; ISBN 0-87351-396-7
  8. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.