St. Ignatius Roman Catholic Church (St. Inigoes, Maryland)
St. Ignatius Roman Catholic Church
St. Ignatius Roman Catholic Church, July 2009
|Nearest city||St. Inigoes, Maryland|
|NRHP reference #||75002086 |
|Added to NRHP||November 03, 1975|
St. Ignatius Roman Catholic Church is a historic Roman Catholic church located at St. Inigoes, St. Mary's County, Maryland. It and its adjacent cemetery are situated on about two acres of land that are enclosed within a late 19th-century iron fence. The church was constructed between 1785 and 1787, with the sacristy added in 1817. The church walls are 21 inches thick, of brick laid in Flemish bond. Atop the roof is a small wooden belfry that in 1933 replaced a larger one in this same location.
First Catholic parish in English speaking North America
It is a direct descendant of Maryland's first Roman Catholic Chapel at St. Mary's City, whose communicants formed the first nucleus of American Catholicism. The Parish, then connected to the one in St. Mary's City Maryland also fell under the umbrella of the first establishment of religious freedom in America, by George Calvert and his sons who established the new colony as a refuge for persecuted Catholics.
Stained glass depiction of local Indian chief in battle
The church also has a very old stained glass depiction of the local paramount Indian Chief in battle with rival Indians. That Chief later converted to Christianity and was a member of the parish in the 1640s.
- National Park Service (2008-04-15). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "Religious Freedom Byway Would Recognize Maryland's Historic Role", Megan Greenwell, Washington Post, Thursday, August 21, 2008 https://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/08/15/AR2008081504104.html
- J. Richard Rivoire (May 1975). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: St. Ignatius Roman Catholic Church" (PDF). Maryland Historical Trust. Retrieved 2016-01-01.
- Cecilius Calvert, "Instructions to the Colonists by Lord Baltimore, (1633)" in Clayton Coleman Hall, ed., Narratives of Early Maryland, 1633-1684 (NY: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1910), 11-23.
- "Reconstructing the Brick Chapel of 1667" Page 1, See section entitled "The Birthplace of Religious Freedom" "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-03-13. Retrieved 2015-12-10.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- St. Ignatius Roman Catholic Church, St. Mary's County, including undated photo, at Maryland Historical Trust
- Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) No. MD-166, "St. Ignatius Roman Catholic Church, Webster Field Road, Saint Inigoes Shores vicinity, St. Mary's County, MD", 1 photo, supplemental material
- St. Mary's County Historic Preservation Commission: St. Ignatius Roman Catholic Church entry
- Visit St. Mary's City
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