St. Ignatius Roman Catholic Church (St. Inigoes, Maryland)

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St. Ignatius Roman Catholic Church
St Ignatius Roman Catholic Church Jul 09.JPG
St. Ignatius Roman Catholic Church, July 2009
St. Ignatius Roman Catholic Church (St. Inigoes, Maryland) is located in Maryland
St. Ignatius Roman Catholic Church (St. Inigoes, Maryland)
St. Ignatius Roman Catholic Church (St. Inigoes, Maryland) is located in the United States
St. Ignatius Roman Catholic Church (St. Inigoes, Maryland)
Nearest citySt. Inigoes, Maryland
Coordinates38°9′1.2″N 76°25′25.0″W / 38.150333°N 76.423611°W / 38.150333; -76.423611Coordinates: 38°9′1.2″N 76°25′25.0″W / 38.150333°N 76.423611°W / 38.150333; -76.423611
NRHP reference #75002086 [1]
Added to NRHPNovember 03, 1975

St. Ignatius Roman Catholic Church is a historic Roman Catholic church located at St. Inigoes, St. Mary's County, Maryland.[2][2] It and its adjacent cemetery are situated on about two acres of land that are enclosed within a late 19th-century iron fence. The church was constructed between 1785 and 1787, with the sacristy added in 1817. The church walls are 21 inches thick, of brick laid in Flemish bond. Atop the roof is a small wooden belfry that in 1933 replaced a larger one in this same location.

St. Ignatius Roman Catholic Church was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1975.[1]

First Catholic parish in English speaking North America[edit]

It is a direct descendant of Maryland's first Roman Catholic Chapel at St. Mary's City, whose communicants formed the first nucleus of American Catholicism.[2][3] The Parish, then connected to the one in St. Mary's City Maryland also fell under the umbrella of the first establishment of religious freedom in America,[2][4][5] by George Calvert and his sons who established the new colony as a refuge for persecuted Catholics.[2][4][5]

Colonial relics[edit]

The church contains artifacts from the original "The Ark" and "The Dove" sailing ships, which bore the first settlers to the Maryland colony in 1633-34.[2]

Stained glass depiction of local Indian chief in battle[edit]

The church also has a very old stained glass depiction of the local paramount Indian Chief in battle with rival Indians.[2] That Chief later converted to Christianity and was a member of the parish in the 1640s.



  1. ^ a b National Park Service (2008-04-15). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "Religious Freedom Byway Would Recognize Maryland's Historic Role", Megan Greenwell, Washington Post, Thursday, August 21, 2008
  3. ^ J. Richard Rivoire (May 1975). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: St. Ignatius Roman Catholic Church" (PDF). Maryland Historical Trust. Retrieved 2016-01-01.
  4. ^ a b Cecilius Calvert, "Instructions to the Colonists by Lord Baltimore, (1633)" in Clayton Coleman Hall, ed., Narratives of Early Maryland, 1633-1684 (NY: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1910), 11-23.
  5. ^ a b "Reconstructing the Brick Chapel of 1667" Page 1, See section entitled "The Birthplace of Religious Freedom" "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-03-13. Retrieved 2015-12-10.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)

External links[edit]