St. James Roman Catholic Church (Manhattan)
St. James' Roman Catholic Church
32 James Street|
Manhattan, New York City
|Architect||attributed to Minard Lafever|
|Architectural style||Greek Revival|
|NRHP reference #||72000884|
|Added to NRHP||July 24, 1972|
|Designated NYCL||January 18, 1966|
St. James' Roman Catholic Church is located at 32 James Street between St. James Place and Madison Street in the Two Bridges neighborhood of Lower Manhattan, New York City. It is the second oldest Roman Catholic building in the city, built in 1835-37 of fieldstone, with a pair of Doric columns flanking the entrance. While the neo-Classical church is modeled on the published designs by Minard Lefever, and is sometimes attributed to him, there is no hard evidence of this being true. The building was once topped by a domed cupola.
The parish was established by Bishop John Dubois in order to relieve the overcrowding at St. Peter's on Barclay Street. He purchased an Episcopal church building on Ann Street, retaining the name of Christ Church, and asked Father Félix Varela to organize a congregation. Fr. Varela also established a free school. In October 1833, it was discovered that nearby excavation had rendered Christ Church unsound. Pending the completion of a new building on James Street, premises were rented at 33 Ann Street. However, some members of the congregation finding this too far uptown, instead purchased the Reformed Presbyterian church on Chambers Street. This would become the parish of the Transfiguration, with Fr. Varela as the first pastor.
The first Mass was said in the basement of the James St. church on September 18, 1836. The following January it was dedicated under the invocation of St. James the Apostle, by Bishop Dubois. Andrew Byrne was appointed rector. Byrne was succeeded in 1842 by Rev. John Maginnis, who was in turn followed by Rev. John N. Smith. In 1848 Fr. Smith succumbed to "ship fever" contracted when administering last rites to Father Murphy of Staten Island, who had contracted the illness while tending recently arrived immigrants.
The church was ordered to be closed by New York City officials in 1983, because of the danger of its roof collapsing. It was scheduled to be torn down in 1986, but was saved by the efforts of the community, especially the Ancient Order of Hibernians, the first branch of which was organized in the church in 1836. The building suffered significant damage in a fire on January 11, 2011. In 2007, St. James Parish merged with the nearby Parish of St. Joseph. The combined Parish of St. Joseph/St. James was merged again with the Church of the Transfiguration in 2015.
- Fr. Andrew Byrne, 1837-1842
- Fr. John Maginnis, 1842
- Fr. John N. Smith, 1842-1848
- Fr. Patrick McKenna, 1848-1858
- Fr. Thomas Martin O.P. 1858-1859
- Fr. James Brennan, 1859-1865
- Fr. Felix Farrelly, 1865-1880
- Fr. John J. Kean, 1880-1901
- Fr. James B. Curry, 1901-?
- List of New York City Landmarks
- National Register of Historic Places listings in New York County, New York
- National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission; Dolkart, Andrew S.; Postal, Matthew A. (2009), Postal, Matthew A., ed., Guide to New York City Landmarks (4th ed.), New York: John Wiley & Sons, ISBN 978-0-470-28963-1, p.45
- White, Norval; Willensky, Elliot & Leadon, Fran (2010), AIA Guide to New York City (5th ed.), New York: Oxford University Press, ISBN 9780195383867, p.89
- Dunlap, David W. (2004). From Abyssinian to Zion: A Guide to Manhattan's Houses of Worship. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-231-12543-7., p.210-11
- Lafort, Remigius. The Catholic Church in the United States of America: Undertaken to Celebrate the Golden Jubilee of His Holiness, Pope Pius X, Catholic editing Company, 1914, p. 336 This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
- Cunningham, Jennifer H. and Paddock, Barry. "Firefighters Save Historic Manhattan Church," New York Daily News (January 11, 2011)
- Media related to St. James' Roman Catholic Church (Manhattan) at Wikimedia Commons