St. James, Missouri
|St. James, Missouri|
Business District of St. James in 2014
|Nickname(s): STJ, Forest City of The Ozarks|
Location of St. James, Missouri
|• Total||4.29 sq mi (11.11 km2)|
|• Land||4.28 sq mi (11.09 km2)|
|• Water||0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)|
|Elevation||1,093 ft (333 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||4,166|
|• Density||985.0/sq mi (380.3/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0729639|
The settlement was originally known as Big Prairie because of its location on the natural prairie of that name in the area. In 1859, when a man by the name of John Wood anticipated the extension of the St. Louis-San Francisco Railway, the settlement became known for a short time as Scioto, named after the town of Scioto, Ohio, where many of the town's early settlers originated. In 1860, the town was named St. James to honor Thomas James who came from Ohio and created the Meramec Iron Works. The town was intended as a shipping point for the Meramec Iron Works, which had been shipping its products by wagon train.  
St. James was the part-time home of Lucy Wortham James, a wealthy philanthropist who had a love for the area. She was a descendant of Thomas James, a Chillicothe, MO banker who founded the Maramec Iron Works.  The James Foundation, a charitable organization she founded, was responsible for the St. James City Park and the James Memorial Library, as well as Maramec Spring Park. The City of St. James now owns both the park and the public library.
St. James is located in the foothills of the Ozark Mountains at  According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.29 square miles (11.11 km2), of which, 4.28 square miles (11.09 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.(37.998848, −91.616386).
As of the census of 2010, there were 4,216 people, 1,632 households, and 1,029 families residing in the city. The population density was 985.0 inhabitants per square mile (380.3/km2). There were 1,767 housing units at an average density of 412.9 per square mile (159.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.11% White, 0.95% Black or African American, 0.66% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 0.38% from other races, and 1.61% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.57% of the population.
There were 1,632 households of which 35.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.4% were married couples living together, 18.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 36.9% were non-families. 31.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.94.
The median age in the city was 37 years. 27.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.5% were from 25 to 44; 22.3% were from 45 to 64, and 18.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.2% male and 50.8% female.
Tacony Corporation manufactures Simplicity and Riccar vacuum cleaners in St. James.
The Maramec Spring Park contains the fifth largest spring in the state. An average of 100 million gallons of water flows from the Spring daily. Maramec Spring Park contains 1,860 acres of forest and fields. The 200-acre public use area of the park provides many amenities and activities for visitors such as a cafe, store, camping, wildlife viewing, fish feeding, picnicking, shelters, playgrounds and fishing. The Meramec River, a clear calm Ozark stream, flows through the park providing excellent fishing.
The park is open year-round to the public. A daily entry fee is required to enter the park from mid-February through October. Annual passes may be purchased at the park.
Maramec Spring Park is privately owned and operated by The James Foundation.
The St. James Leader-Journal has been the Voice of St. James since 1896 and has been in continual operation for a longer period of time than any other business in the St. James City Limits. The weekly newspaper is owned by GateHouse Media. Its current editor is Aaron J. Hadlow. The Leader-Journal is a sister paper of The Rolla Daily News and the Waynesville Daily Guide.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-30.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Phelps County Place Names, 1928–1945". The State Historical Society of Missouri. Archived from the original on June 24, 2016. Retrieved December 5, 2016.
- "Information Sheet: Mayme Ousley Papers" (PDF). umsystem.edu. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
- Jim Brock. "St. James City Hall named after first female mayor". The Rolla Daily News. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
- National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Missouri Wineries MO". weekendwinery.com. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
- "Maramec Spring Park". missouritrout.com. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
- "Hadlow named new editor of Leader-Journal". therolladailynews.com. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
- Site for the City of St James and Chamber of Commerce
- Biography of Mrs. Lucy Wortham James
- Site for Local News
- Historic maps of St. James in the Sanborn Maps of Missouri Collection at the University of Missouri