St. Johns, Michigan

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St. Johns, Michigan
City
The Clinton County Courthouse, July 2014
The Clinton County Courthouse, July 2014
Location of St. Johns, Michigan
Location of St. Johns, Michigan
Coordinates: 43°0′3″N 84°33′24″W / 43.00083°N 84.55667°W / 43.00083; -84.55667Coordinates: 43°0′3″N 84°33′24″W / 43.00083°N 84.55667°W / 43.00083; -84.55667
Country United States
State Michigan
County Clinton
Area[1]
 • Total 3.87 sq mi (10.02 km2)
 • Land 3.87 sq mi (10.02 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 791 ft (241 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 7,865
 • Estimate (2016)[3] 7,928
 • Density 2,000/sq mi (780/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
FIPS code 26-70940[4]
GNIS feature ID 0636718[5]
Website http://www.ci.saint-johns.mi.us/

St. Johns is a city in the U.S. state of Michigan. The population was 7,865 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Clinton County.[6]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.87 square miles (10.02 km2), all of it land.[1] The city is situated in Bingham Township, but is administratively autonomous. A mixture of rich forests, plains and farmland (uniquely, mint fields) make up the St. Johns area, providing ample opportunity for outdoor sports and agriculture.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18802,370
18903,12731.9%
19003,3888.3%
19103,154−6.9%
19203,92524.4%
19303,9290.1%
19404,42212.5%
19504,95412.0%
19605,62913.6%
19706,67218.5%
19807,37610.6%
19907,284−1.2%
20007,4582.4%
20107,8655.5%
Est. 20167,928[3]0.8%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 7,865 people, 3,147 households, and 2,011 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,032.3 inhabitants per square mile (784.7/km2). There were 3,451 housing units at an average density of 891.7 per square mile (344.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.9% White, 1.4% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.2% from other races, and 2.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.6% of the population.

There were 3,147 households of which 32.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.2% were married couples living together, 14.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 36.1% were non-families. 30.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 13% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.95.

The median age in the city is 37.2. 25.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.5% were from 25 to 44; 24.1% were from 45 to 64; and 15.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.7% male and 52.3% female.

Culture[edit]

The Wilson Center Auditorium on Cass Street puts on rock concerts and theatrical productions throughout the year. To date, they have brought in acts such as David Dondero,[7] Hailey Wojcik,[8] and Doug Mains and the City Folk.[9]

Mint Farming[edit]

Near the turn of the century, high demand for mint oil in medicines and candy from companies like Wrigley caused a surge in demand for mint farming. The rich, organic, muck soil of Clinton County makes the area around St. Johns particularly well-suited for mint farming. As a result, many mint farmers made their home in the area.[10] The Crosby Mint Farm, established by J.E. Crosby in 1912, claims to be the oldest, continuously family operated mint farm in the United States.

Today Clinton County ranks first amongst its peers in Michigan in regards to total mint production. [11][12] St. Johns is known as the Mint City and has even been called "The Mint Capital of the World."[13]

Each year since 1985, St. Johns celebrates its mint farming heritage with the St. Johns Mint Festival. The festival typically takes place on the second weekend in August.

Transportation[edit]

Highways[edit]

Airports[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Places of Interest[edit]

  • Paine-Gillam-Scott Museum – Home of the Clinton County Historical Society. Built in 1858, the house holds the distinction of being the oldest brick residence in the city of St. Johns.
  • Clinton Northern Railway Museum - Located in the former Grand Trunk Depot, the museum focuses on railroad history and its impact on small-town America. The museum features several restored railway cars.
  • IQhub at Agroliquid – Center for agricultural history, innovation and exploration. The IQhub is located inside AgroLiquid's world headquarters in St. Johns, Michigan. The 9,500 square foot agriculture education destination is home to exhibits chronicling the advancement of agriculture, from before the Europeans arrived in the Americas through the present day.

Registered Historic Buildings in St. Johns[edit]

Name Image Location Michigan State Historic Site Michigan Historical Marker National Register of Historic Places Description
Coleman's Hotel Coleman Hotel Greenbush.jpg Southeast corner of US-127 and French Rd. November 21, 1975 N/A N/A
Roswell C. Dexter House Roswell Dexter House St Johns.jpg 200 S. Church St. November 1, 1988 N/A N/A
East Ward School 106 N. Traver St. February 27, 1980 N/A May 12, 1980[15] The East Ward School was constructed in 1876 from plans by Bay City architect Oliver Hidden. It was unusual for its size and its elaborate brickwork. In 1976 the school was named Teresa Merrill School in honor of longtime local educator Teresa A. Merrill.[16] The school building has been replaced with a housing development and a preschool.
Paine-Gillam-Scott House Paine-Gillam-Scott House St Johns.jpg 106 Maple St. January 18, 1980[17] 1988 N/A Lured by the railroad, John W. Paine (1821–1870) moved from the nearby Rochester Colony to St. Johns. In 1860 he built the town's first brick store and this house. The office was later added to this site. Dr. Samuel Gillam (1845–1908) remodeled the house in 1883. In 1904 he was joined by Dr. Walter M. Scott (1875–1934), who practiced here until his death. The Clinton County Historical Society restored the house in 1978 and the office in 1986.
Henry M. Perrin-Dr. Henry Palmer House Perrin-Palmer House St Johns.jpg 903 N. Clinton Ave. February 25, 1988 N/A N/A
St. John's Church St Johns Episcopal Church.jpg 400 E. Walker St. February 23, 1981[17] 1990 N/A The congregation first organized in 1858, and built their first church in 1867. Shortly after the close of Easter evening services in 1893 the church burned. The congregation celebrated the first service in the current church on Easter Sunday 1894.[17]
St. Johns Union School Union School St Johns.jpg 205 West Baldwin St. February 27, 1980 N/A May 15, 1980[18] The Union School was a state-of-the-art school when it was built in 1885. It served as a school for the St. Johns district until 1986. The building has been replaced with a housing development.
Steel Hotel Steelhotel.jpg West side of N. Clinton Ave. February 11, 1972 N/A N/A Built by prominent local businessman Robert M. Steel in 1887. At the time the hotel was built, and for many years later, the building was considered one of the finest hotels in the state. The building famously burned down in 1975.[19]
Giles J. Gibbs Building Sugarbowl2013-stjohns-mi-usa48879zipcode.JPG 12 N. Clinton Ave. N/A N/A March 15, 2000[20] Constructed in 1867, this building was originally home to a grocer. It is most notable for being home to the former Sugar Bowl Restaurant. The interior remains set up as a confectionery and soda fountain to this day.[21]

Sites marked with a dagger (†) have been demolished.

Climate[edit]

This climatic region is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, St. Johns has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps.[22]

Crime rate[edit]

Crime in St. Johns is significantly lower when compared to the national average, and average-to-high when compared to surrounding cities.

Violent Crime Rate in 2012 (higher number means more dangerous)[23]

Reported Incidents from 2001–2012 in St. Johns, MI:[24]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-24. Retrieved 2012-11-25. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-25. 
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  4. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  7. ^ "Turn it down". 
  8. ^ "Group raising money to renovate Wilson Center auditorium". Lansing State Journal. 3 November 2015. 
  9. ^ "Trio of bands to play at Wilson Center". '. 
  10. ^ "Mint in Michigan". geo.msu.edu. 
  11. ^ History of Crosby Farm
  12. ^ "Clinton County". Clinton county Economic Alliance. Retrieved December 15, 2017. 
  13. ^ Usealman, Kevin (June 23, 2010). "St. Johns is mint capital of the world". Retrieved December 15, 2017. 
  14. ^ "Butterbean on fighting, handmade razors and growing up in St. Johns". 
  15. ^ "Asset Detail". npgallery.nps.gov. 
  16. ^ "The East Ward Story, Teresa Merrill". 27 February 2015. 
  17. ^ a b c "Michigan Historical Markers". secure1.state.mi.us. 
  18. ^ "Asset Detail". npgallery.nps.gov. 
  19. ^ https://www.clinton-county.org/ArchiveCenter/ViewFile/Item/686
  20. ^ "Asset Detail". npgallery.nps.gov. 
  21. ^ Department of the Interior. National Park Service. (3/2/1934 - ). "Michigan SP Gibbs, Giles J., Building - Sugar Bowl" – via US National Archives Research Catalog. 
  22. ^ "St. Johns, Michigan Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase. 
  23. ^ "Rates, City-Data St. Johns, MI". 
  24. ^ "Crime Rates, City-Data St. Johns, MI". 

External links[edit]