St. Louis Car Company
St. Louis Car Co. Builders—vehicle badge
William Lefmann, Peter Kling, Juilius Lefmann, Henry Schroeder, Daniel McAllister, Henry Maune,Charles Ernst
|Headquarters||St. Louis, Missouri, USA|
Number of locations
|St. Louis, Missouri|
|United States; Canada|
|George J. Kobusch, Peter Kling, John H. Kobusch, Henry F. Vogel, John I. Beggs, Robert McCulloch, Richard McCulloch, Robert P. McCulloch, Edwin B. Meissner|
|Products||Railroad passenger cars, locomotives, streetcars, and trolleybuses; automobiles|
|Parent||General Steel Industries (1960–)|
|Subsidiaries||St. Louis Aircraft Corporation|
The St. Louis Car Company was formed in April 1887 to manufacture and sell streetcars and other kinds of rolling stock of street and steam railways supporting the traction industry. In succeeding years the company built automobiles, including the American Mors, the Skelton, and the Standard Six. The St. Louis Aircraft Corporation division of the company partnered with the Huttig Sash and Door company in 1917 to produce aircraft. During the two world wars, the company manufactured gliders, trainers, alligators, flying boats, and dirigible gondolas. Among their most successful products were the Birney Safety Car and the PCC streetcar, a design that was very popular at the time.
In 1960, St. Louis Car Company was acquired by General Steel Industries. In 1964, St. Louis Car completed an order of 430 World's Fair picture-window cars (R36 WF) for the New York City Subway and was building 162 PA-1s (110 single units, 52 trailers) for the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey for their use on the Port Authority Trans-Hudson line to New Jersey. Also in the mid-1960s, the company completed building the passenger capsules, designed by Planet Corporation, to ferry visitors to the top of the Gateway Arch at the Jefferson National Expansion Museum in St. Louis, Missouri.
St. Louis Car continued business until 1968 and finally ceased operations by 1974. The final St. Louis Car products were R44 subway cars for the New York City Subway and Staten Island Rapid Transit, and the USDOT State of the Art Car rapid transit demonstrator set whose design was based on the R44.
The St. Louis Car assembly plant and general office at 8000 Hall Street, St. Louis is now the St. Louis Business Center, a mixed use industrial and commercial complex redeveloped starting in 2005.
Today, "San Francisco’s Municipal Railway has assembled one of the most diverse collections of vintage streetcars, trolleys, and trams in transit service anywhere. Up to 20 or more of these wonderful vintage vehicles carry passengers along Market Street and The Embarcadero every single day."
The St. Louis Car Co., later known as General Steel Industries, manufactured not only St. Louis streetcars and trolleys but cars for such far-flung transit systems as the Metro in Paris, France. Meissner’s son, Edwin B. Meissner, Jr., succeeded his father as head of the company, and continues to be an active member of Congregation Shaare Emeth.
Streetcars held sway in St. Louis and its suburbs from the 1880s until the mid- and late 1940s. Young records that new state-of-the-art buses began to encroach on the streetcars domain. New streamlined streetcars were brought into service in 1946 to replace older cars, some dating back to 1903. (Edwards plans to use vintage, pre-streamlined cars for his Forest Park-U. City Loop trolley). By 1947, with the removal of eight lines, only a little more than half of the original streetcar system remained.
The advent of early home TV-watching also cut down the ridership. Still, some streetcars continued to roll into the early 1960s until the St. Louis Public Service Company sold all of its St. Louis properties for $20 million to the Bi-State Development Agency as of April 1, 1963. Another 14 other local transit companies were also sold to Bi-State for another $5 million, with the whole package funded by a bond issue. The old streetcars were phased out by Bi-State, with the last car running in 1966.
- PCC streetcars (1935-1952)
- Peter Witt streetcars
- Trolley buses
- Interurban cars
- Gas-electric railcars
- CRT/CTA 5003-5004 PCC elevated-subway cars (1947) - retired 1985
- CTA 6000-series PCC elevated-subway cars (1950-59) - retired 1992
- CTA 1-50 PCC elevated-subway cars (1959–60) - retired 1999
- Chicago North Shore and Milwaukee Railroad Electroliner (1941)
- Electro-Motive Company (EMD) gas-electric railcars - car body shells (1920s)
- GCRTA Red Line "Bluebirds" (1954-55, 1958)
- MBTA #3 East Boston Tunnel cars (1951)
- State of the Art Car heavy rail transit demonstrator set for USDOT (1973–74) - now at Seashore Trolley Museum
- Illinois Terminal Railroad Streamliners (1948-50)
- IRT World's Fair Steinway Motors (1938) - built for 1939 World's Fair
- Metra Illinois Central Electric District Highliner electric MU cars (1971–72)
- NJ Transit/NJDOT/Penn Central Arrow I (PRR MP85E6) electric MU cars - push-pull coach conversion (1968)
- New York Central ACMU 4500 series (1950–51)
- NYCT R8A (1939)
- NYCT R17 (1954–55)
- NYCT R21 (1956–57)
- NYCT R22 (1957–58)
- NYCT R27 (1960–61)
- NYCT R29 (1962)
- NYCT R30 (1961–62)
- NYCT R33 (1962–63)
- NYCT R33 WF (1963)
- NYCT R36 (1964)
- NYCT R36 WF (1963–64)
- NYCT R38 (1966–67)
- NYCT R40 (1967–69)
- NYCT R40M (1969)
- NYCT R42 (1969–70)
- NYCT R44 (1971–73)
- Pacific Electric "Hollywood" cars (1920s)
- Philadelphia and Western Railroad original wood cars and freight motors (1907)
- Hudson & Manhattan Railroad/PATH "K-car"/MP51 (1958)
- PATH PA1 (1965) & PA2 (1967)
- San Diego Class 1 Streetcars (1910-1912)
- Seaboard Air Line 2027-2028 Railcars (1936)
- SEPTA Silverliner III (PRR MP85) cars (1967)
- Southern Railway FM OP800 Railcars (1939)
- Staten Island Railway R44 (1973) (last St. Louis cars)
- U.S. Army (USAX) cars - various types including coaches, ambulance, cafeteria, sleepers
- Union Pacific lightweight passenger cars, express and baggage cars (1960-65)
- Victorian Railways Petrol Electric railmotor (1928)
- Brownell Car Company
- Canada Car and Foundry
- Ottawa Car Company
- New York City Subway rolling stock
- F-Market & Wharves Streetcar Line
- John I. Beggs
- List of rolling stock manufacturers
- Andrew D. Young and Eugene Provenzo, The History of the St. Louis Car Company (Howell North Books 1978)
- Flagg, James S.; Madison County Sesquicentennial Committee (1962). Our 150 Years, 1812–1962: In Commemoration of the Madison County Sesquicentennial. Edwardsville, Illinois: East 10 Publishing Company, Inc. p. 53.
- "An Ode to PATH's PA-1s", Philip G. Craig, ERA Bulletin, December 2011, page 16 https://erausa.org/pdf/bulletin/2011-12-bulletin.pdf
- "Transportation: Back on the Rails". Time Magazine. August 28, 1964.
- Moore, Bob (1994). Urban Innovation and Practical Partnerships: An Administrative History of Jefferson National Expansion Memorial, 1980-1991. Washington, D.C.: National Park Service. Retrieved April 4, 2011.
- Young and Provenzo, 267.
- "St. Louis Business Center" Green Street: Portfolio
- Market Street Railway
- "Clang, Clang, Clang Went the Trolley!". St. Louis Jewish Light. Retrieved 2016-10-06.
- Middleton, William, Jr. The Interurban Era. Kalmbach Publishing, Milwaukee, WI.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to St. Louis Car Company.|
- Builders of wooden railway cars: St. Louis Car Company from ironhorse129.com — some photos of early SLCC cars.
- St. Louis Car Company Records, 1887-1997 | WUA University Archives at Washington University in St. Louis (html)
- St. Louis Car Company history at Mid-Continent Railway Museum, North Freedom, Wisconsin
- www.cablecarmuseum.org at Cable Car Museum, San Francisco, CA
- www.streetcar.org at Market Street Railway, San Francisco, CA