Greater St. Louis

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Greater St. Louis Metropolitan Area
St. Louis-St. Charles, Farmington, MO
CSA
A NASA image of the Greater St. Louis area.
A NASA image of the Greater St. Louis area.
Motto: Gateway To The West
Location in Missouri
Location in Missouri
Country  United States
State(s)  Missouri
 Illinois
Largest city  St. Louis
Counties
Area
 • Total 21,910 km2 (8,458 sq mi)
 • Land 21,400 km2 (8,261 sq mi)
 • Water 510 km2 (197 sq mi)  2.3%
Elevation 142–390 m (466–1,280 ft)
Population (2015)[1]
 • Metro density 131.4/km2 (340.3/sq mi)
 • MSA 2,811,588(20th)
 • CSA 2,916,447 (19th)
  MSA/CSA = 2015, Urban = 2013
Time zone CST (UTC−6)
 • Summer (DST) CST (UTC−5)
Area code(s) 314, 636, 618, 573

Greater St. Louis is the metropolitan area that completely surrounds and includes the independent city of St. Louis (its principal city). It spans parts of the U.S. states of Missouri and Illinois. Depending on the counties included in the area, it can refer to the St. Louis, MO-IL metropolitan statistical area (MSA) or the St. Louis-St. Charles-Farmington, MO-IL combined statistical area (CSA).[2][3] As well as the city St. Louis, the area serves the Southern Illinois counties of Bond, Calhoun, Clinton, Jersey, Macoupin, Madison, Monroe, and St. Clair (known collectively as the Metro East); the Missouri counties of Franklin, Jefferson, Lincoln, St. Charles, St. Louis County (separate from and not inclusive of the city of St. Louis), Warren, Washington, and a portion of Crawford County.[2] The CSA includes all of the MSA listed above and the Farmington, MO micropolitan statistical area, which includes Washington and St. Francois Counties.[2] The CSA was the 19th largest in the United States in 2015, with a population of 2,916,447, while the MSA was the 20th largest in the country that year with a population of 2,811,588.[4][5]

The region is home to nine Fortune 500 companies: Express Scripts, Emerson Electric, Monsanto, Reinsurance Group of America, Centene, Peabody Energy, Ameren, Graybar Electric, and Edward Jones.[6]

The area received the All-America City Award in 2008.

Counties and cities in Greater St. Louis[edit]

Population of counties in Greater St. Louis (July 2014 estimate) [7]
State County Population
Illinois Bond 17,269
Illinois Calhoun 4,956
Illinois Clinton 37,857
Illinois Jersey 22,571
Illinois Macoupin 46,453
Illinois Madison 266,560
Illinois Monroe 33,722
Illinois St. Clair 265,729
Missouri Franklin 102,084
Missouri Jefferson 222,716
Missouri Lincoln 54,362
Missouri St. Charles 379,493
Missouri St. Louis City 317,419
Missouri St. Louis County 1,001,876
Missouri St. Francois 66,520 (2015)
Missouri Warren 33,253
Missouri Washington 24,788 (2015)
Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 57,548
1840 126,038 119.0%
1850 237,149 88.2%
1860 410,104 72.9%
1870 645,306 57.4%
1880 712,690 10.4%
1890 833,029 16.9%
1900 1,025,280 23.1%
1910 1,250,094 21.9%
1920 1,380,740 10.5%
1930 1,592,874 15.4%
1940 1,674,411 5.1%
1950 1,928,159 15.2%
1960 2,284,794 18.5%
1970 2,557,457 11.9%
1980 2,497,882 −2.3%
1990 2,609,421 4.5%
2000 2,730,984 4.7%
2010 2,853,060 4.5%
Est. 2015 2,878,108 [8] 0.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1790–1960[10] 1900–1990[11]
1990–2000[12] 2010–2014[13]

Cities and counties in Greater St. Louis[edit]

Missouri[edit]

Illinois[edit]

As noted above, the Greater St. Louis area includes two cities named O'Fallon (in St. Charles County, Missouri and St. Clair County, Illinois) and two cities named Troy (in Lincoln County, Missouri, and Madison County, Illinois).

The nearby HannibalQuincy micropolitan areas are technically not located within the metropolitan, but are regionally associated due to their proximity and accessibility to Greater St. Louis.[15]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2010 United States Census, in Greater St. Louis there were 2,787,701 people living in 1,143,001 households, of which 748,892 households were families.

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920 1,139,877
1930 1,359,712 19.3%
1940 1,432,088 5.3%
1950 1,681,281 17.4%
1960 2,144,205 27.5%
1970 2,410,884 12.4%
1980 2,356,460 −2.3%
1990 2,492,348 5.8%
2000 2,698,687 8.3%
2010 2,787,701 3.3%
Deccenial Census

Race[edit]

In 2010, 98.2 percent of Greater St. Louis was of one race, while 1.8 percent were of two or more races. Of those of one race, 2,214,298 residents or 76.9 percent of the population were white, 519,221 or 18 percent were African American, 60,316 or 2.1 percent were Asian American, and 32,542 residents or 1.1 percent were American Indian, Native Hawaiian, Pacific Islander American, or some other race. 72,797 residents or 2.5 percent were Hispanic or Latino Americans of any race.

Age and gender[edit]

As of 2010, the median age for Greater St. Louis is 38.2, and 48.4 percent of the population was male while 52.6 percent of the population was female.

Income and housing statistics[edit]

As of 2010, Greater St. Louis included 1,264,680 housing units, and 90.4 percent or 1,143,001 units were occupied. Of those units that were vacant, 3.2 percent or 40,553 units were for rent, 1.6 percent or 19,956 were for sale, 1 percent or 12,575 were unoccupied seasonal homes, and .5 percent or 6,771 were sold or rented but unoccupied. 3.3 percent or 41,884 units were vacant and not for sale or rent. Of the occupied housing units, 70.6 percent or 807,431 were owner-occupied with 2,075,622 occupants. 29.4 percent or 335,570 units were rented with 739,749 occupants.[5]

In 2010, the median income for a household in the St. Louis metro was $50,900.[16]

Transportation[edit]

Transportation in Greater St. Louis includes road, rail, and air transportation modes connecting the communities in the area with national and international transportation networks. Parts of Greater St. Louis also support a public transportation network that includes bus and light rail service.

Brookings Hall, the administrative building for Washington University in St. Louis

Education[edit]

Education in Greater St. Louis is provided by more than two dozen public school districts, independent private schools, parochial schools, and several public library systems. Greater St. Louis also is home to more than thirty colleges and universities.

Parks[edit]

Parks in Greater St. Louis are administered by a variety of state, county, and municipal authorities, and the region also includes the state of Missouri's only National Memorial, the Jefferson National Expansion Memorial, which is the site of the Gateway Arch. Several Missouri state parks in the region and parks owned by St. Louis County are larger than 1,000 acres, while one park in the city of St. Louis, Forest Park, also exceeds 1,000 acres.

Economy[edit]

Main article: Economy of St. Louis

The 2014 Gross Metropolitan Product (GMP) of St. Louis was $145.958 billion.[17] That makes St. Louis the 21st highest GMP in the United States. The three largest categories of employment in Greater St. Louis are trade, transportation, and utilities with 249,000 workers, education and healthcare services with 225,000 workers, and professional and business services with 185,000 workers.[18] Greater St. Louis has more than 1.3 million non-farm workers, representing roughly 15 percent of the non-farm workforce of Missouri and Illinois combined. As of May 2011, 125,000 non-farm workers were unemployed in Greater St. Louis, with an unemployment rate of 8.6 percent. As of the third quarter of 2010, the Greater St. Louis region had more than 73,000 companies or establishments paying wages, while average weekly wages for that period were $833, slightly lower than the U.S. national average of $870.

The largest industry by business conducted was wholesaling with $71 billion, followed by manufacturing with $67 billion, retail trade with $36 billion, and healthcare with $16 billion. The area's largest employer by sector was healthcare with 174,000 workers, followed by retail trade with 152,000 workers and manufacturing with 134,000 workers.[19] Using available data, the combined value of business conducted in the combined statistical area was $213 billion in 2007.[19] With a gross metropolitan product of $112 billion in 2009, St. Louis' economy makes up 40% of the Gross State Product of Missouri.[20]

As of 2011, the St. Louis area is home to nine Fortune 500 companies, including Express Scripts, Emerson Electric, Monsanto, Reinsurance Group of America, Ameren, Charter Communications, Peabody Energy, Graybar Electric, and Centene.[21] Other notable corporations from the area include Edward Jones Investments, Scottrade, Wells Fargo Advisors (formerly A.G. Edwards), Energizer Holdings, Ralcorp, Hardee's, and Enterprise Holdings (parent company of several car rental companies). Significant healthcare and biotechnology institutions with operations in St. Louis include Pfizer, the Donald Danforth Plant Science Center, the Solae Company, Sigma-Aldrich, and Multidata Systems International.

Although it was purchased by Belgium-based InBev, Anheuser-Busch continues its presence in the city, as does Mallinckrodt Incorporated in spite of its purchase by Tyco International. The May Department Stores Company (which owned Famous-Barr and Marshall Field's stores) was purchased by Federated Department Stores, but Federated maintained its regional headquarters in the area. General Motors continues to produce cars in the St. Louis area, although Chrysler closed its production facility in the region, which was located in Fenton, Missouri. Despite its purchase by Nestlé, Ralston Purina remained headquartered in St. Louis as a wholly owned subsidiary.[22] St. Louis is also home to Boeing Phantom Works (formerly McDonnell-Douglas).[23] In addition, the Federal Reserve Bank of St Louis in downtown is one of two federal reserve banks in Missouri.[24]

St. Louis County in particular is home to several area companies. Monsanto Company, formerly a chemical company and now a leader in genetically modified crops, is headquartered in Creve Coeur.[25] Solutia, the former Monsanto chemical division that was spun off as a separate company, is in Town and Country.[26] Express Scripts, a pharmaceutical benefits management firm, has its corporate headquarters in the suburbs of St. Louis, near the campus of the University of Missouri–St. Louis.[citation needed] Energizer Holdings, the battery company, is headquartered in Town and Country.[27] Enterprise Rent-A-Car's headquarters are located in Clayton.[28] Charter Communications is headquartered in Town and Country.[29] Emerson Electric's headquarters are located in Ferguson.[30] Boeing Integrated Defense Systems is headquartered in Berkeley.[31][32] Trans States Airlines is headquartered in Bridgeton.[33] Edward Jones Investments is headquartered in Des Peres.[34][35] From 1994 until its acquisition in 2000 by Tyco International, another chemical company, Mallinckrodt, was headquartered in St. Louis County. Many of the former Mallinckrodt facilities are still in operation by Tyco in the St. Louis suburb of Hazelwood, Missouri.[citation needed] Others are SSM Health Care, St. John's Mercy, and the Tenet Healthcare Corporation chain.

Companies based in Greater St. Louis[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.census.gov/popest/data/metro/totals/2009/index.html
  2. ^ a b c http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/omb/assets/omb/bulletins/fy05/b05-02_appendix.pdf
  3. ^ Unless otherwise noted, all statistics in the article refer to the boundaries of the CSA."
  4. ^ "Census shows slow growth for St. Louis area in 2012". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. March 14, 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c U.S. Census Bureau (2010). Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "census2010" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  6. ^ "Fortune 500 list". Fortune. 2013. 
  7. ^ a b "Demographics". St. Louis Regional Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved June 30, 2016. 
  8. ^ "County Totals Dataset: Population, Population Change and Estimated Components of Population Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 9, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 9, 2015. 
  11. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 9, 2015. 
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 9, 2015. 
  13. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 30, 2016. 
  14. ^ "St. Louis County Communities." St. Louis County. St. Louis County Government and St. Louis County Municipal League. Accessed April 16, 2012.
  15. ^ http://www.tripadvisor.com/Travel-g44881-s407/Saint-Louis:Missouri:Day.Trips.html
  16. ^ "US Conference of Mayors" (PDF). Metro Economics Report. IHS Global Insight. Retrieved 18 January 2012. 
  17. ^ "U.S. Cities With Bigger Economies Than Entire Countries". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 24 July 2012. 
  18. ^ Bureau of Labor Statistics (May 2011).
  19. ^ a b 2007 Economic Census.
  20. ^ Thomas, G. Scott (April 2010). "Gross metropolitan products for 366 U.S. metros". Retrieved 2011-06-10. 
  21. ^ Fortune 500 List (2011).
  22. ^ "Ratings and Rankings – Area Companies". Stlrcga.org. Retrieved 2011-03-14. 
  23. ^ Stoller, Gary (2003-03-24). "JDAM smart bombs prove to be accurate and a good buy". Usatoday.Com. Retrieved 2011-03-14. 
  24. ^ "About Us | The Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis". St. Louis Fed. Retrieved 2011-03-14. 
  25. ^ "Monsanto CFO to retire." St. Louis Business Journal. Wednesday August 12, 2009. Retrieved on August 19, 2009.
  26. ^ "Town and Country, Mo.-Based Spin-Off Turns to Monsato for Financial Help." St. Louis Post-Dispatch. December 7, 2003. Retrieved on August 19, 2009.
  27. ^ Volkmann, Kelsey. "Energizer to cut jobs as sales slump." St. Louis Business Journal. Tuesday July 28, 2009. Retrieved on August 18, 2009.
  28. ^ Hathaway, Matthew. "KC Star: Enterprise didn’t tell buyers cars lacked side air bags." St. Louis Post-Dispatch. August 17, 2009. Retrieved on August 18, 2009.
  29. ^ "Town and County, Mo.-Based Charter Communications to Buy Back Employee Stock." St. Louis Post-Dispatch. January 21, 2004. Retrieved on August 18, 2009.
  30. ^ Edwards, Greg. "$60 million in data centers coming online at Emerson." St. Louis Business Journal. Friday August 29, 2008. Retrieved on August 18, 2009.
  31. ^ "Berkeley city, Missouri." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on June 8, 2009.
  32. ^ "Mcdonnell Douglas Corporation (Boeing Integrated Def Systems)." Manta. Retrieved on June 8, 2009.
  33. ^ "Parent of Bridgeton, Mo.-based Trans States Airlines plans to start new airline." St. Louis Post-Dispatch. November 12, 2004. Retrieved on August 19, 2009.
  34. ^ Thimangu, Patrick L. "Des Peres, Mo.-Based Edward Jones Brokerage Looks to Europe for Expansion." St. Louis Post-Dispatch. November 27, 2002. Retrieved on August 19, 2009.
  35. ^ "St. Louis firms make Fortune's best workplaces." St. Louis Business Journal. Thursday January 22, 2009. Modified on Tuesday January 27, 2009. Retrieved on August 19, 2009.

External links[edit]