St. Luke's International Hospital
|St. Luke's International Hospital|
Main entrance of St. Luke's International Hospital
|Location||9-1 Akashi-cho, Chuo, Tokyo 104-8560, Japan|
|Affiliated university||St Luke's College|
|Lists||Hospitals in Japan|
St. Luke's Hospital, initially a modest wooden-framed structure comprising two wards and five rooms, was first opened 1902 in Tsukiji on the edge of the foreign settlement. The hospital was transformed in the early years of the 20th century through the work of director Rudolf Teusler, and Superintendent of Nurses Iyo Araki, into the largest and most modern medical facility in Japan. Dr. Teusler, a Georgia-born, medical physician who first arrived in Japan in 1900 as a medical missionary of the Episcopal Church, focused his initial work in Japan on child health provision and on public health and hygiene.
The hospital was all but destroyed in the 1923 Great Kantō earthquake. As fundraising had already begun in the United States for new buildings on a larger site to a design by architect Antonin Raymond Dr. Teusler was able to count on the generosity of existing donors to rapidly rebuild. An early grant from the Rockefeller Foundation also supported the establishment of a public health institute. In 1927 St. Luke's College of Nursing became the first college of nursing established in Japan.
The hospital was able to remain open and continue its work throughout the Second World War; its staff of 40 doctors and 130 nurses remaining at their posts. At the end of the war the medical center was requisitioned by the United States Army for a period of eleven years becoming the 42th Army General Hospital <personal account - Dr. Foerster, USA soldier stationed there>. St. Luke's continued to provide medical services to the Japanese community from barracks facilities rented from the city of Tokyo throughout the post war years of occupation. The College of Nursing sharing facilities during this period with the Red Cross School of Nursing.
St. Luke's buildings and facilities have been expanded and continually upgraded over many years, but remain located in the same area of Tsukiji in central Tokyo as the original hospital. St. Luke's retains its founder's strong links with the Anglican Church in Japan. The interior of the historic hospital chapel in the 1933 main building, was designed by architect John Van Wie Bergamini. The chapel remains one of the few original Anglican church structures in central Tokyo built prior to the Second World War.
Facilities and operations
St. Luke's International Hospital is today a large general hospital serving the city of Tokyo as well as an internationally recognised teaching facility for medical professionals including post-graduate resident physicians and nurses.
The hospital has 539 beds and sees 2,550 outpatients on an average day. Departments include General Internal Medicine, Pulmonary Medicine, Nephrology, Hematology, Infectious Diseases, Endocrinology & Metabolism, Psychosomatic Internal Medicine, Allergy and Rheumatology, Cardiovascular Internal Medicine, Cardiovascular Surgery, Ambulatory Care Center for Children (Pediatrics, Pediatric Surgery, Well Baby Clinic), Gastroenterology Center (Gastroenterology, General Surgery), Breast Center, Thoracic Surgery, Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, Orthopedic Surgery, Dermatology, Integrated Women's Health, Clinical Genetics, Urology, Ophthalmology, Otolaryngology, Oral Surgery, Neurology & Neurosurgery, Psychiatry, Emergency Care Center, Diagnostic Imaging and Interventional Radiology, Radiation Oncology, Palliative Care, Pathology, Anesthesia, Kidney Center, Rehabilitation, Comprehensive Medical Assessments, and Neuroendovascular Therapy.
Saint Luke's Tower as seen from the Sumida River
In 2008, 2009, and 2010, based on number of applicants designating it as their first choice in the match process, St. Luke's International Hospital ranked second in popularity among physician residencies in Japan.
- Sarin gas attack on the Tokyo subway, in which victims were treated at St. Luke's
- Hobart, Margaret (1912). Institutions Connected with the Japan Mission of the American Church. New York: The Domestic and Foreign Missionary Society. Retrieved 13 October 2014.
- Helfrich, Kurt (2006). Crafting a Modern World: The Architecture and Design of Antonin and Noemi Raymond. New York: Princeton Architectural Press. p. 36. ISBN 1-56898-583-5.
- Handbooks on the Missions of the Episcopal Church. New York: The National Council of the Protestant Episcopal Church. 1934. p. Part II. Retrieved 15 July 2014.
- Hemphill, Elizabeth (1969). The Road to KEEP (First ed.). New York and Tokyo: John Weatherhil Inc. p. 21.
- Hemphill, The Road to KEEP p.110.
- "St. Luke's International Hospital". St. Luke's International Hospital. Retrieved 26 May 2013.
- Shukan Diamond 7 April 2007 issue 「8000人が選んだベスト病院ランキング」総合第1位
- 行きたい病院・満足した病院ランキング goo Researchと読売ウィークリーの調査：「行きたい病院」2位、満足度3位（いずれも東京都内）
- http://hospia.jp/wp/archives/2245/ 2010年度 初期臨床研修人気病院ランキング（一般病院編）
- http://hospia.jp/wp/archives/141/ 初期臨床研修人気病院ランキング（一般病院編）
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