St. Mary's Cathedral, Tokyo
|St. Mary's Cathedral, Tokyo|
|Location||3-15-16 Sekiguchi, Bunkyo-ku|
|Town or city||Tokyo|
|Owner||Roman Catholic church|
|Height||Cathedral: 39.4 m (129 ft)|
Tower: 61.6 m (202 ft)
|Floor area||3,650 m2 (39,300 sq ft)|
|Grounds||15,098 m2 (162,510 sq ft)|
|Design and construction|
|Structural engineer||Yoshikatsu Tsuboi|
The original wooden structure, constructed in 1899 in the Gothic style, was destroyed during the air raids on Tokyo during World War II. The present church, designed by Kenzo Tange, was completed in 1964. Tange was assisted by Wilhelm Schlombs, architect to the Archdiocese of Cologne, construction engineer Yoshikatsu Tsuboi, who had worked with Tange on previous projects, and Swiss architect Max Lechner.
The layout of the building is in the form of a cross, from which eight hyperbolic parabolas rise in a manner similar to the slightly later landmark cathedral located in San Francisco, also referred to as St. Mary's Cathedral. The parabolas open upwards to form a cross of light, which continues vertically along the length of the four facades. To this rhomboid volume other secondary constructions are added, including the baptistry and the baptismal font. The rectangular shapes contrast with the symbolic character of the cathedral. The bell tower is 61.6 m (202 ft) high, standing a short distance away from the main building. The exterior cladding is made of stainless steel. In 2004 a large organ built by Italian firm Mascioni was installed.
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