Hildesheim Cathedral

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Hildesheim Cathedral
The Cathedral of the Assumption of Mary
German: Hildesheimer Dom
Hildesheimer Dom 2015.JPG
Northwest view of Hildesheim Cathedral
52°08′56″N 9°56′50″E / 52.14889°N 9.94722°E / 52.14889; 9.94722Coordinates: 52°08′56″N 9°56′50″E / 52.14889°N 9.94722°E / 52.14889; 9.94722
LocationHildesheim, Germany
DenominationRoman Catholic
DedicationAssumption of Mary
Functional statusCathedral
Architectural typebasilica
StyleRomanesque (original)
Gothic (side chapels and northern paradise)
Baroque (crossing tower)
Groundbreaking815 (Chapel of St. Mary) (815 (Chapel of St. Mary))
872 (St. Mary's Cathedral) (872 (St. Mary's Cathedral))
Length80 m (262 ft 6 in)
Width44 m (144 ft 4 in)
Height20 m (65 ft 7 in)
Number of spires1
Spire height41 m (134 ft 6 in)
Tenor bell weight8686kg
DioceseDiocese of Hildesheim
Official nameSt Mary's Cathedral
Part ofSt Mary's Cathedral and St Michael's Church at Hildesheim
CriteriaCultural: (i), (ii), (iii)
Inscription1985 (9th Session)
Area0.58 ha (1.4 acres)
Buffer zone157.68 ha (389.6 acres)

Hildesheim Cathedral (German: Hildesheimer Dom), officially the Cathedral of the Assumption of Mary (German: Hohe Domkirche St. Mariä Himmelfahrt) or simply St. Mary's Cathedral (German: Mariendom), is a medieval Roman Catholic cathedral in the city centre of Hildesheim, Germany, that serves as the seat of the Diocese of Hildesheim. The cathedral has been on the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage list since 1985, together with the nearby St. Michael's Church.

The cathedral church was built between 1010 and 1020 in the Romanesque style. It follows a symmetrical plan with two apses, that is characteristic of Ottonian Romanesque architecture in Old Saxony. The cathedral's treasures include world-famous artworks, bronze works from the time of Bishop Bernward, Bernward Doors and Bernward Column, as well as two of the four notable Romanesque wheel chandeliers: the Hezilo chandelier and the Azelin chandelier.

After renovations and extensions in the 11th, 12th and 14th centuries, the cathedral was completely destroyed during an air raid on 22 March 1945 and rebuilt from 1950 to 1960. A thorough renovation of the cathedral began in 2010, including technical and conservation measures. Some of the cathedral's treasures have been shown further afield, including at an exhibition at New York's Metropolitan Museum of Art. The cathedral was reopened on 15 August 2014.



Aerial view from the tower of St. Andreas

After the establishment of the Diocese of Hildesheim in 815 by Louis the Pious,[1] a Chapel of St. Mary was built on the locations of the modern apse.[2] Bishop Gunthar of Hildesheim, who was in office from 815 to 834,[2] had a small basilica with two round towers built immediately to the south of the chapel, which he dedicated to Saint Cecilia. This served as the original cathedral and Stift church.[1] The first four bishops were buried there. Only traces of the foundations of these two buildings remain. An older Hildesheim parish church probably once stood on the site of the Chapel of Saint Stephen next to the gatehouse at the eastern entrance to the chapel of St. Hellweg, which might date back to Hildegrim of Châlons and his expedition to East Saxony.[3]

The cathedral was built in 872 under Bishop Altfrid as a cruciform three-aisled basilica with a two-story westwork.[1] It is an example of Ottonian architecture, with alternating column support and semi circular apses completing the naves.[4] The building suffered severe fire damage in 1046.[2] Bishop Azelin planned to erect a new, larger building further to the west and to extend the nave. His successor, Hezilo of Hildesheim, abandoned this plan and instead built on the old foundations, incorporating the surviving walls into the new building. Further important renovations occurred up to the end of the fourteenth century but did not deviate from the ground plan of Bishop Altfrid's basilica. The northern paradise and the north and south side chapels date from the gothic period and the tower above the crossing from the baroque period. In the nineteenth century, the original westwork was replaced by a Neo-Romanesque two-tower facade, which stood until 1945.[1]

School and library[edit]

Hildesheim Cathedral School (Hildesheimer Domschule, de), which had rooms in the cloisters, was one of the most significant educational institutions of the Ottonian and Salian periods. Its library has served as the cathedral's library (German: Dombibliothek Hildesheim) since 815; it is the oldest library in Northern Germany.[5]

Destruction in the Second World War[edit]

During the aerial bombardment of Hildesheim by the RAF and RCAF in World War II, the main building was almost entirely destroyed; only the westwork and the outer walls survived.[1] Of the ancillary buildings, only the Gothic Anne's chapel (Annenkapelle), erected in 1321 in the middle of the cathedral's courtyard,[1] was mostly undamaged. It was the only cathedral in Germany that had to be newly consecrated after its reconstruction, on 27 March 1960 by Bishop Heinrich Maria Janssen.[1]

The building was rebuilt between 1950 and 1960 in a simplified form. The baroque elements were abandoned in favour of a form which took its cue from the early Romanesque style.[2] The most visible aspect of this on the exterior was that upper stories, and side towers added to the westwork in 1840 were not restored, and the westwork was reconstructed closer to its earlier state[6] based on the model of the westwork of Minden Cathedral.[7] In addition, the gatehouse in front of the westwork was reduced by about half. Otherwise, the exterior appeared as it had done before the destruction – in particular, the baroque crossing-tower was rebuilt.[7]

The reconstruction was carried out under tight constraints. Because of the lack of sandstone tiles, the floor was relaid in marble. The roofs of the nave, transept, and cloisters were cast in concrete and covered with wooden boards on the inside to recall the appearance of ceiling beams. The interior walls, as well as the walls of the nave, were rebuilt in brick and limestone, hidden from view by a dimension stone coating on the outside and by a coat of smooth plaster on the inside. The ground level was raised by 60 cm, which resulted in the rooms having a squat appearance, especially in the transepts. The columns of the nave were cast in concrete, and the pilasters were coated in sandstone.[7]

The reconsecration took until 1960 to complete because of various problems, chiefly the "Hildesheim Cathedral construction dispute" (Hildesheimer Dombaustreit), an argument between the Diocese of Hildesheim and the Land of Lower Saxony about the cost of the reconstruction and particularly about whether Lower Saxony was one of the legal successors of the Free State of Prussia which had undertaken to cover the cathedral's building expenses in 1803 (when it was still the Kingdom of Prussia) during the process of German mediatization. The parties reached a settlement in 1957.[7]

Renovations 2010–2014[edit]

After many years of planning, a thorough renovation of the cathedral began in January 2010, the first since 1960. Along with technical and conservation measures, there were alterations to the design. The floor was lowered to the original level, the Hezilo and Azelin chandeliers were restored to their places in the nave and the high choir, and Bernward Doors were again mounted facing outwards, behind an antechamber, as originally intended. In addition, a bishop's crypt was created.[8]

On 10 January 2010, the cathedral was closed for the work to begin. During the reconstruction, the basilica of St. Godehard served as the bishop's church (cathedra), as it had in the postwar years. The cathedral renovation was the largest church construction project in Germany. The solemn reopening of the cathedral was on 15 August 2014, coinciding with the beginning of the Diocese's 1200 year jubilee.[8]

Thousand-year Rose[edit]

The rosebush with a legend dating back to 815

The cathedral building is widely known for the "Thousand-year Rose" (Tausendjähriger Rosenstock) which grows outside the building on the outer wall of the apse in the courtyard of the cloisters. The exact age of the rose is no longer precisely known, but the legend of the rose bush claims that it dates to 815. It is an important symbol of Hildesheim - according to folklore, as long as the bush flourishes, Hildesheim will prosper.[9]

According to the story, Emperor Louis the Pious had to hold a Mass while out hunting in the middle of the forest. For this purpose, a reliquary of St. Mary which he had with him was hung from the branch of a wild rose. After the mass, the reliquary could not be removed from the branch. The Emperor considered this a sign that the new bishopric should be established here (not in Elze as he had planned) and he should dedicate it to St. Mary, whose symbol is the rose.[9]

The existence of the rose bush has been attested for at least four hundred years. The aerial bombardment of 22 March 1945 which damaged the cathedral and the apse also killed the main growth of the rose bush above the ground; under the rubble, only the charred stump of the rose remained. It was thought that the end of the famous rose had come, but the roots were largely intact, and in the spring of 1945 it put out 25 new shoots.[9] The first sparse flowers bloomed in 1947, and by 1948 there were 122 flowers. Since then, the new branches of the "Thousand-year Rose" (as it was already known before the bombing) have been marked with little metal signs with the year in which they first appeared. It is believed to be the oldest living rose in the world.[10]

Archaeological finds[edit]

In excavations during the 2010–2014 renovations of the cathedral, ninth-century foundations of the St. Mary's chapel were found.[11] The first cathedral building was a small church measuring 6 × 6 m with an apse to the east. The remains of the first altar were found in the apse. The foundations of this first cathedral building consist of sandstone and are extraordinarily thick.[12]

An even older cemetery was found to the west and south. Twenty graves were uncovered, including, in August 2012, the skeleton of a young woman who died around 800, with glass beads (the remnants of a necklace) and a little knife as grave goods. This is the oldest complete burial ever found in Hildesheim cathedral.[13]

Interior decoration, art, and treasures[edit]

Detail of Bernward Doors
Detail of the baptismal font: Baptism of Christ in the Jordan
The sanctuary with the Azelin chandelier and the irminsul as apse cross

The cathedral houses numerous works of art. These include the world-famous cast-bronze doors, depicting scenes from the Gospels and the Book of Genesis; and a cast-bronze column depicting scenes from the life of Christ. These bronzeworks date from the early 11th century and were commissioned by Bishop Bernward of Hildesheim.[2] (The column was originally in St Michael's, where Bernward was buried, and has been moved there again during the restoration of the cathedral, possibly to stay.)[14]

There are also four notable Romanesque wheel chandeliers, also called corona or circular chandeliers,[15][16] the larger Hezilo chandelier (Heziloleuchter),[12][16] and the older Azelin chandelier (Azelinleuchter).[16] The Ringelheim Crucifix was made c. 1000 from linden wood for the body and oak for the arms.[17]

Other treasures include:[2]

During the 2010–2014 renovations, many religious items from the Cathedral were displayed at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, until 5 January 2014.[18][19]


The history of the organ at Hildesheim Cathedral dates back to the fourteenth century. In 1378, there was an organ in the north aisle, above the chapel of the Three Kings. This instrument was relocated to the Godehard choir during the fifteenth century and eventually sold in 1713.

The first large organ was built by Conrad Abtt (Minden) c. 1616/17. The instrument had 31 stops on two manuals and pedal. During the 17th and 18th century, the instrument was rebuilt and expanded. In 1909, Furtwängler & Hammer (Hannover) built a new organ with 54 stops (three manuals and pedal), re-using the organ case from 1617. On March 22, 1945 the organ was destroyed during an air raid.

Main Organ by Seifert (2014)

Organ 1960–2010[edit]

In 1960, Franz Breil (Dorsten) built a new organ with 52 stops on four manuals and pedal.[20] In 1989, it was partially rebuilt and expanded to 66 stops by Klais (Bonn).[20]

Seifert Organs (2014)[edit]

In 2014, Orgelbau Romanus Seifert & Sohn (Kevelaer) built a new organ with 77 stops on four manuals and pedal, re-using windchests and 56 stops from the previous instrument.[21]

In addition, a new antiphonal organ (Chororgel) with 16 stops was built. It is located in the left isle of the cathedral. Both organs can be played from two identical four-manual consoles: the console of the great organ, and a movable console in the nave.[21]


The Nikolaus bell, 1766

Until the Second World War, the cathedral contained over sixteen ringing and quarter bells. The basis of the pre-war peal was five great bells with the tones F-sharp0, A0, C-sharp1, F-sharp1, G-sharp1. Nine bells of the pre-war peal survived the war; the great Godehard bell in the west tower was so severely damaged in an air raid that it could no longer be rung. The Bernard bell is in the Bell cemetery in Hamburg and was irreparably damaged during transport there. Two bells were capable of being reused: the historical Apostolica bell of bellfounder Johann Martin Roth of Mainz (1765), which could be integrated into the new peal, and another historic bell of Johann Martin Roth, the Nikolaus bell, which was originally hung in the crossing tower and was moved to the Nordparadies in 2010.[22]

Refounding of 1960[edit]

After the Second World War it was planned to create a 12-toned peal, with six great bells in the west tower and six smaller bells in the crossing tower (the planned tones: G1, B1, C2, E2, F2 and G2). At first only a six tone peal was produced. In 1960 the bellfounder Friedrich Wilhelm Schilling [de] (Heidelberg) cast five new bells, which were installed in the west tower together with the Apostolica bell. In the lower belfry of the tower hung the three deepest bells (1-3), while the three smaller bells (4–6) were in the upper belfry. The new peal (co-ordinated with the bells of the surrounding churches) was a semitone deeper than the original, so the Apostolica bell had to be tuned a semitone lower to fit with the new bells.[22]

Since the quarter bells had also been destroyed in the Second World War, the quarter-hour chimes were now struck by bell No. 5, the chime on the hour by bell No.4 and the chime at noon by bell No. 1. Bell No. 6 was used for the call to worship (the Angelusglocke).[22]

Renovation 2013/2014[edit]

In the course of the 2010-14 renovation, the peal is being expanded by six bells to the 12-tone peal which had originally been planned in the 1960s, though, the tone sequence will be slightly different.[23] The new cathedral bells will be named after witnesses of the faith, who enjoy particular veneration in the Diocese of Hildesheim. Thus bell No. 8 will be named for Bishop Altfrid, one of the most important bishops of Hildesheim, who secured large contributions for the construction of the cathedral. Bell No. 9 will be named after Hedwig of Schlesien (or of Andechs), patron of refugees - since many refugees came to Hildesheim after the Second World War and were crucial in shaping it.[23]

In 2013 the old yoke in the upper belfry was taken apart and replaced by a new yoke of oak. It will hold the six new bells and some of the old ones. In the lower belfry the deepest bells will remain in place.[24]

On 16 November 2013 the new bells were cast by Glockengießerei Bachert [de] (Karlsruhe).[25]

The Cantabona bell is the second biggest of Lower-Saxony after the Christus- und Friedensglocke (Bell of Christ and Peace) in the Marktkirche, Hanover.

Technical information and inscriptions of the bells
No. Name Year of casting Caster, casting location Ø
Strike tone
Inscription Belfry
1 Cantabona (Mary) 1960 Friedrich Wilhelm Schilling, Heidelberg 2315 8686 F0 +5 CANTATE DOMINO CANTICUM NOVUM QUIA MIRABILIA FECIT SANCTA MARIA CANTA BONA NOBIS! – Auxilio Matris D.N.J.Ch. confidens me fudit F.W. Schilling Heidelbergensis Anno Domini MCMLIX
("Sing for the Lord a new song since he has made miracles. Holy Mary sing good things for us! - trusting in the aid of the mother of our Lord Jesus Christ, F.W. Schillung of Heidelberg cast me in the year of our Lord 1959.")
Lower westwork
2 Apostolica 1765 Johann Martin Roth, Mainz 1946 4895 A0 +5 Johann Martin Koch von Maintz hat mich gegossen in Hildesheim Anno 1765, APOSTOLIS PETRO ET PAULO COMPATRONIS HILDESIENSIBUS
("Johann Martin Koch of Mainz cast me in Hildesheim in the year 1765, for the Apostles Peter and Paul, joint-patrons of Hildesheim.")
3 Bernward 1960 Friedrich Wilhelm Schilling, Heidelberg 1699 3366 B0 +4 SIT PIA PAX ET VOS AMEN CANITE SANCTE BERNWARDE ORA PRO NOBIS0
("May there be holy peace. Sing "Amen"! Saint Bernward, plead for us")
("Otherthrow the resisters/ rule the upstanding/ lift up the downcast. Saint Godehard plead for us")
Upper westwork
("Epiphanius the peacemaker and patron announces the epiphany of the Lord. Saint Epiphanius, pray for us")
("while the organs sing, Caecilia sings to the Lord! Holy Caecilia, aid us")
7 Martin of Tours 2013 Bachert, Karlsruhe 1076 917 G1 +3 HIC EST FRATRUM AMATOR + QUI MULTUM ORAT PRO POPULO

("He who pleads a lot for the people, loves his brothers
Holy Martin, plead for us!")
("Supported by the intercession of Holy Bishop Altfrid, may our diocese remain firm in its faith")
("The intercession of blessed Hedwig grants the support of Heaven to the people of Poland and Germany")

(You have tested us, God, and you have brought us to consolation. May holy Oliver Plunkett, example of reconciliation, Bishop and martyr, aid us")

("What is seen is beautiful, what is known is more beautiful, what is unknown is most beautiful by far. Blessed Nicholas Stensen, plead for us")
12 Edith Stein 671 232 F2 +6 CRUX EXALTATUR + UT CAELUM OSTENDAT

("The cross is raised up to touch the heavens. Holy Teresa blessed by the cross, plead for us")
Nikolaus 1766 Johann Martin Roth, Mainz 950 550 A1 +2

World Heritage Site[edit]

Hildesheim Cathedral was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1985.[26]


On 15 August 2014, the cathedral was reopened after restoration. Bishop Norbert Trelle opened the Bernward doors and entered the cathedral, followed by 30 other bishops and guests including the Protestant bishop Christoph Meyns [de], Robert Zollitsch, Stephan Weil and Christian Wulff. Trelle said in his sermon: "Die Kirche muss auf die Zukunft hin leben, so wie sie aus der Vergangenheit heraus lebt." (The church has to live towards a future, as it lives from by the past). He added, regarding the situation in Syria: "Während wir hier einen Dom wiedereröffnen, brennen dort die Kirchen." (While we reopen a cathedral here, churches are burnt there). The cathedral was restored to an appearance closer to the original building from the medieval age, for example a ceiling inserted after World War II was removed, and the original floor level restored. A new altar was created by Ulrich Rückriem.[27][28]


Hildesheim Cathedral (left) and St. Andrew's Church (right), seen from the Steinberg.

Hildesheim Cathedral is situated at the southern middle of the city centre of Hildesheim, on the so-called Domhügel ("Cathedral's Hill"). The main entrances to the cathedral are on the south and north sides. The Roemer- and Pelizaeus-Museum, is very close to the cathedral in the west. Around the hill is the wall of the Domburg. From the north of the Hill is the Michaelishügel ("St. Michael's Hill"), from the northeast is the downtown of Hildesheim and to the west is the River Mühlengraben, a tributary of the Innerste River. On the north of the cathedral is the former government building of the city, on the west the Episcopal Vicariate General of the Diocese, in the south the Gymnasium Josephinum school and on the east the Labour Court of the city.


  • Brandt, Michael (2009), Bernwards Säule – Schätze aus dem Dom zu Hildesheim (in German), Regensburg: Schnell & Steiner, ISBN 978-3-7954-2046-8.
  • ——— (2010), Bernwards Tür – Schätze aus dem Dom zu Hildesheim (in German), Regensburg: Schnell & Steiner, ISBN 978-3-7954-2045-1.
  • Gallistl, Bernhard (2007–2008), "In Faciem Angelici Templi. Kultgeschichtliche Bemerkungen zu Inschrift und ursprünglicher Platzierung der Bernwardstür", Jahrbuch für Geschichte und Kunst im Bistum Hildesheim (in German), 75–76: 59–92, ISSN 0341-9975.
  • ——— (2000), Der Dom zu Hildesheim und sein Weltkulturerbe, Bernwardstür und Christussäule (in German), Hildesheim: Bernward Mediengesellschaft, ISBN 3-89366-500-5.
  • Heise, Karin (1998), Der Lettner des Hildesheimer Doms – Die Bildhauerkunst der Münsterschen Werkstätten 1535–1560, Der Hildesheimer Dom – Studien und Quellen (in German), 2, 1 + 2, 2, Hildesheim, 2 volumes.
  • Claudia Höhl. Das Taufbecken des Wilbernus – Schätze aus dem Dom zu Hildesheim", Verlag Schnell & Steiner GmbH, Regensburg 2009, ISBN 978-3-7954-2047-5.
  • Ulrich Knapp (ed.), EGO SUM HILDENSEMENSIS – Bischof, Domkapitel und Dom in Hildesheim 815 bis 1810, (Kataloge des Dom-Museums Hildesheim; Bd. 3), Michael Imhof Verlag, Petersberg (2000), ISBN 3-932526-74-0.
  • Karl Bernhard Kruse (ed.), Der Hildesheimer Dom – Von der Kaiserkapelle und den Karolingischen Kathedralkirchen bis zur Zerstörung 1945 (Grabungen und Bauuntersuchungen auf dem Domhügel 1988 bis 1999), Verlag Hahnsche Buchhandlung, Hannover (2000), ISBN 3-7752-5644-X.
  • Annett Laube-Rosenpflanzer & Lutz Rosenpflanzer. Kirchen, Klöster, Königshöfe : vorromanische Architektur zwischen Weser und Elbe, Halle 2007, ISBN 3-89812-499-1.


  1. ^ a b c d e f g Architecture of the Cathedral – A Chronological overview, DE: Domsanierung, archived from the original on 2 May 2014, retrieved 30 April 2014.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Barnet, Peter; Brandt, Michael; Lutz, Gerhard (2013), Medieval Treasures from Hildesheim, Yale University Press, ISBN 9780300196993.
  3. ^ Gallistl, Bernhard (2000), Epiphanius von Pavia, Schutzheiliger des Bistums Hildesheim, Hildesheim und Bielefeld, p. 68.
  4. ^ Jeep, John M. (2001). Medieval Germany: An Encyclopedia. Psychology Press. ISBN 9780824076443.
  5. ^ Gallistl, Bernhard (2010), "Bibliothek und Schule am Dom", in Müller, Monika E (ed.), Schätze im Himmel – Bücher auf Erden. Mittelalterliche Handschriften aus Hildesheim, catalogues of the Herzog August Bibliothek (in German), Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, pp. 55–68, ISBN 978-3-447-06381-4.
  6. ^ The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture, 2, Oxford University Press, 2012, ISBN 978-0-19-539536-5.
  7. ^ a b c d Knapp, Ulrich, ed. (1999), Der Hildesheimer Dom – Zerstörung und Wiederaufbau, catalogue of the Dom-Museum Hildesheim, 2, Petersberg: Michael Imhof, ISBN 3-932526-48-1.
  8. ^ a b Frequently asked questions concerning cathedral restoration, Domsanierung, archived from the original on 3 May 2014, retrieved 3 May 2014.
  9. ^ a b c 1000 years of age rosetree Archived 2014-04-30 at WebCite (German) Domsanierung, retrieved 2 May 2014
  10. ^ Hayes, Holly. "Hildesheim Cathedral". Sacred Destinations. Archived from the original on 30 April 2014. Retrieved 30 April 2014.
  11. ^ Kehrwieder am Sonntag: Fund im Dom belegt – Hildesheim feiert zu Recht den 1200. Geburtstag. 29 May 2011, p. 6 (in German).
  12. ^ a b Hildesheim Cathedral – St. Mariä Himmelfahrt – is currently being restored. Medieval Histories
  13. ^ Information from the diocese (German) Archived 2013-12-06 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 21 August 2012.
  14. ^ Bernward's Column (Christ's Column) Archived 2015-04-02 at the Wayback Machine Domsanierung. Retrieved 30 April 2014
  15. ^ Julia de Wolf Addison: Arts and Crafts in the Middle Ages Archived 2014-05-03 at the Wayback Machine Medieval Histories
  16. ^ a b c Bernhard Gallistl: Bedeutung und Gebrauch der großen Lichterkrone im Hildesheimer Dom. In: Concilium Medii Aevi 12 (2009, table of content) pp. 43–88 (PDF; 2,9 MB). Retrieved 2 May 2014
  17. ^ Ringelheim Crucifix Metropolitan Museum of Art. Retrieved 2 May 2014
  18. ^ Medieval Treasures from Hildesheim Metropolitan Museum of Art 2013
  19. ^ Molly Lo Re: Met displays Medieval treasures from Hildesheim Cathedral Metropolitan Museum of Art Columbia Spectator, 24 September 2013
  20. ^ a b Information on the organ of 1960 Archived 2014-01-08 at the Wayback Machine.
  21. ^ a b Information on the new organ system Archived 2014-01-08 at the Wayback Machine and on the disposition Archived 2013-12-06 at the Wayback Machine (PDF; 35 kB) of the new organ system. Retrieved 30 April 2014.
  22. ^ a b c Information on the bells of HIldesheim cathedral Archived 2014-01-08 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 30 April 2014.
  23. ^ a b Information on the new bells.
  24. ^ Information Archived 2015-06-03 at the Wayback Machine (PDF; 2,6 MB) from the diocese about the renovations.
  25. ^ News report on the casting of the new bells for Hildesheim Cathedral.
  26. ^ "St Mary's Cathedral and St Michael's Church at Hildesheim". World Heritage List. UNESCO. 1985. Retrieved 10 May 2014.
  27. ^ "Hildesheimer Dom mit Festgottesdienst wiedereröffnet" (in German). dpa. 16 August 2014. Archived from the original on 19 August 2014. Retrieved 16 August 2014.
  28. ^ "Hildesheimer Dom kurz vor Wiedereröffnung" (in German). NDR. 8 August 2014. Retrieved 16 August 2014.

External links[edit]