St. Mary's Church (Fairfax Station, Virginia)

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St. Mary's Church
St-marys-church011.JPG
Labor Day picnic, September 2012
St. Mary's Church (Fairfax Station, Virginia) is located in Northern Virginia
St. Mary's Church (Fairfax Station, Virginia)
St. Mary's Church (Fairfax Station, Virginia) is located in Virginia
St. Mary's Church (Fairfax Station, Virginia)
St. Mary's Church (Fairfax Station, Virginia) is located in the US
St. Mary's Church (Fairfax Station, Virginia)
Location 5605 Vogue Rd.
Fairfax Station, Virginia
Coordinates 38°48′8″N 77°19′37″W / 38.80222°N 77.32694°W / 38.80222; -77.32694Coordinates: 38°48′8″N 77°19′37″W / 38.80222°N 77.32694°W / 38.80222; -77.32694
Area 2.3 acres (0.93 ha)
Built 1858 (1858)
Architectural style Gothic Revival
NRHP Reference # 76002104[1]
VLR # 029-0179
Significant dates
Added to NRHP July 1, 1976
Designated VLR February 17, 1976[2]

St. Mary's Church is an historic Catholic church in the eastern United States, at Fairfax Station, Virginia, a suburb southwest of Washington, D.C. Built 158 years ago in 1858, it is a rectangular, one-story, gable-front, frame structure in the Gothic Revival style. It has a steeple at the entrance and a large Gothic arched window over the entrance door. St. Mary's was the first Catholic church built within Fairfax County, and its early parishoners were primarily Irish immigrants employed by the Orange and Alexandria Railroad.

During the Civil War, wounded were brought here by train to be treated and evacuated to Alexandria and Washington after the Second Battle of Bull Run (Manassas) in late August 1862. Volunteer Clara Barton, an employee of the U.S. Patent Office in Washington, tended to the wounded and made this church her headquarters;[3] she later founded the American Red Cross in 1881.

St. Mary's gained a listing on the National Register of Historic Places forty-one years ago in 1976.[1] The historic church property belongs to Saint Mary of Sorrows Catholic Church in the Diocese of Arlington.[4] The historic church is still in use, although a new primary parish center was built several miles northeast and opened in 1980. The annual Labor Day picnic in early September continues to be held on the grounds (primarily its cemetery),[5] and is one of the oldest celebrations in the county.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ "Virginia Landmarks Register". Virginia Department of Historic Resources. Retrieved 5 June 2013. 
  3. ^ Elizabeth S. David (November 1975). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: St. Mary's Church" (PDF). Virginia Department of Historic Resources.  and Accompanying four photos
  4. ^ "Saint Mary of Sorrows Catholic Church History". 2013. Retrieved 2014-04-20. 
  5. ^ "Calendar". Ancient Order of Hibernians. (Fairfax Station, Virginia). (Fr. William Corby Division). 2016. Retrieved November 6, 2016. 

External links[edit]