St. Mary, Kentucky
Location of St. Mary within Kentucky
|Named for||a local college|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|Area code(s)||270 & 364|
St. Mary is a home rule-class city in Marion County, Kentucky, in the United States. During the 2010 U.S. Census, the Saint Mary Division of Marion Co. – covering 34.3 square miles (89 km2) around the city – had a population of 2,765.
The town was first known as Hardin's Creek when it was settled by the Hardin family c. 1785. Catholic settlers from "Saint" Charles Co.,a[›] Maryland, arrived in 1790. Their community was originally known as Saint Charles after their former home and new church.
The first Catholic settlers of the Hardin's creek settlement were the brothers Edward Beaven and Charles Beaven from Maryland in 1786, followed by the brothers Mathew, Zachariah, Sylvester, and Jeremiah Cissell.
The community was the birthplace and hometown of George Elder, who – along with William Byrne – later returned from seminary in Maryland to found Saint Mary's College in 1821. The post office was established in 1858 as Saint Mary's for the school. The city was incorporated as St. Maryb[›] on May 26, 1865. The college closed its doors in 1976.
The United States Census Bureau does not recognize St. Mary as incorporated, although a census county division (CCD) exists surrounding it. The CCD covers a land area of 34.3 square miles (89 km2) and a water area of 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2).
Since 1980, St. Mary has been home to the 826-bed Marion Adjustment Center, a CCA-owned minimum- and medium-security facility. In June 2013, the Kentucky Department of Corrections elected not to renew the contract, ending for-profit incarceration within the state. At the time, the MAC employed 166 people.
^ a: This Charles County is now known within Maryland as "Old Charles County" to distinguish it from the present Charles County. The former was named after King Charles I ("Saint Charles"), the latter after Charles Calvert, 3rd Baron Baltimore.
^ b: The abbreviation is the formal name, although it sometimes spelled out as "Saint Mary".
- Rennick, Robert. Kentucky Place Names, p. 261. University Press of Kentucky (Lexington), 1987. Accessed October 4, 2013.
- Commonwealth of Kentucky. Office of the Secretary of State. Land Office. "St. Mary, Kentucky". Accessed October 4, 2013.
- "Summary and Reference Guide to House Bill 331 City Classification Reform" (PDF). Kentucky League of Cities. Retrieved December 30, 2014.
- University of Kentucky. Kentucky Atlas and Gazetteer. "Saint Mary, Kentucky". Accessed October 4, 2013.
- Signs of History. "Marion County". Accessed October 4, 2013.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
- "Detailed map of Kentucky" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. 2000. p. 8. Retrieved December 1, 2013.
- Kentucky Department of Corrections. "About MAC". Accessed October 4, 2013.
- Corrections Corporation of America. Press Release: "Kentucky Elects Not to Renew Contract at Marion Adjustment Center". Op. cit. in Wall Street Journal, June 26, 2013. Accessed October 4, 2013.
- Lexington Herald-Leader, July 2, 2013. "A welcome close to privately run prisons in Kentucky". Accessed October 4, 2013.
- Barrouquere, Brett. Bloomberg Businessweek, June 25, 2013. "Kentucky to walk away from last private prison". Accessed July 25, 2013.
- Lega, Stephen. Kentucky Standard, July 3, 2013. "Marion Adjustment Center's closing will impact community in many ways". Accessed October 4, 2013.