St. Michael's Church, Cluj-Napoca

Coordinates: 46°46′12″N 23°35′23″E / 46.77000°N 23.58972°E / 46.77000; 23.58972
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St Michael's Church
Roman Catholic Church of St Michael
Biserica Romano-Catolică Sfântul Mihail (in Romanian)
Biserica Sfântul Mihail (in Romanian)
Szent Mihály-templom (in Hungarian)
Klausenburger Michaelskirche (in German)
46°46′12″N 23°35′22″E / 46.76996°N 23.58932°E / 46.76996; 23.58932
LocationUnion Square, Cluj-Napoca, Transylvania
AddressPiața Unirii 16.
Country Romania
DenominationCatholic Church
DedicationMichael the Archangel
Functional statusParish church
Heritage designationMonument istoric
StyleGothic, Baroque and Gothic Revival (tower)[2]
Length70 m
Nave length50 m[4]
Nave width24 m
Number of towers1
Tower height80 m (incl. 4-m high cross)[5]
ArchdioceseRoman Catholic Archdiocese of Alba Iulia
Official nameBiserica romano-catolică „Sf. Mihail”
Reference no.CJ-II-m-A-07469

The St. Michael's Church (Romanian: Biserica Sfântul Mihail, Hungarian: Szent Mihály-templom, German: Michaelskirche) is a Gothic-style Roman Catholic church in Cluj-Napoca. It is the second largest church (after the Biserica Neagră of Brașov) in the geographical region of Transylvania, Romania. The nave is 50 meters long and 24 meters wide, the apse is 20×10 m. The tower with its height of 76 meter (80 meter including the cross) is the highest one in Transylvania.


In 1840

The construction was begun probably in place of the Saint James Chapel. The financing of the church was partly done by the citizens, partly from the income of indulgences. The first related document, dating back to 1349 and signed by the archbishop of Avignon and fifteen other bishops, grants the indulgence for those contributing to the illumination and furniture of the Saint Michael Church. The construction was completed between 1442 and 1447, the old tower being built between 1511 and 1545. The tower that stands today was erected in 1862.

The church was converted, along with the local population, to Lutheran Protestantism between 1545 and 1566. Then the more radical Unitarian party took it over in the period 1566–1716. At last, it was confiscated in the counter reformation by the Catholic Church with the support of the Habsburg government.

The Baroque clock tower was replaced in the 19th century by a new one, built in the Gothic Revival style (1837–1862).


Some important historical events that took place in the church:


The west portal is decorated with the three coats of arms of Sigismund as King of Hungary, as King of Bohemia and as Holy Roman Emperor.

The oldest of its sections is the altar,[clarification needed] inaugurated in 1390, while the newest part is the Gothic Revival-style clock tower, which was built in 1837–1862 and replaced a Baroque predecessor.


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Lista Monumentelor Istorice". National Heritage Institute. Archived from the original on 2016-02-19.
  2. ^ "10 lucruri pe care nu le ştiai despre Biserica "Sf. Mihail" din Cluj-Napoca". Buna Dimineata. 2 June 2015.
  3. ^ "Biserica Romano-Catolica Sf.Mihail – Cluj-Napoca". Ghid Video Turistic. 14 October 2020.
  4. ^ "Cluj-Napoca, Biserica Sf. Mihail". Welcome to Romania.
  5. ^ József Lukács, Levente Várdai (2005). Povestea "oraşului-comoară": scurtă istorie a Clujului şi a monumentelor sale [The story of the "treasure city": a short history of Cluj and its monuments]. Biblioteca Apostrof. ISBN 9739279740.

External links[edit]

(in Hungarian) Official page on the website of the diocese of Alba Iulia

46°46′12″N 23°35′23″E / 46.77000°N 23.58972°E / 46.77000; 23.58972