St. Michael's Episcopal Church (Charleston, South Carolina)
St. Michael's Church
St. Michael's Church
|Location||80 Meeting St. (at Broad St.)
Charleston, South Carolina
|Built by||Samuel Cardy|
|Part of||Charleston Historic District (#66000964)|
|NRHP Reference #||66000704|
|Added to NRHP||October 15, 1966|
|Designated NHL||October 9, 1960|
|Designated NHLDCP||October 9, 1960|
St. Michael's Church is a historic church and the oldest surviving religious structure in Charleston, South Carolina. It is located at Broad and Meeting streets on one of the Four Corners of Law, and represents ecclesiastical law. It was built in the 1750s by order of the South Carolina Assembly. It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places and is a National Historic Landmark.
St. Michael's Church was built between 1751 and 1761 at the corner of Broad and Meeting streets on the site of the original wooden church built in 1681 by St. Philip's Church, It had been damaged in a hurricane in 1710 and a new St. Philip's Church was built several blocks away on Church Street. In 1727, what was left of the old wooden church was demolished.
It is not known who designed St. Michael's, but it shows the influence of St Martin-in-the-Fields, London, designed in the 1720s by James Gibbs. Samuel Cardy was the builder. The walls are of brick that was stuccoed over and painted white. The two-story portico facing Broad Street was the first of its size in colonial America and features Tuscan columns.
An organ by John Snetzler was fitted in 1768 but only the case remains; new organ 1994 by Kenneth Jones of Bray, Ireland.
St. Michael's Churchyard, adjacent to the church, is the resting place of some famous historical figures, including two signers of the U.S. Constitution.
Clock and bells
The church houses a clock and change ringing bells dating from colonial times. The clock is the oldest tower clock in North America. The bells are one of four sets (Grace Episcopal, The Cathedral of Saint Luke and Saint Paul and Stella Maris Catholic church) in the Charleston area.
Graveyard; among those interred is jurist John Rutledge.
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Charleston, South Carolina
- List of National Historic Landmarks in South Carolina
- St. Michael's Churchyard
- National Park Service (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "St. Michael's Church". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-03-07.
- "St. Michael's: An Historical Overview". St. Michael's Church. Retrieved March 9, 2014.
- "A Brief History of St. Philip's Church, The Mother Church of The Diocese of South Carolina, Est. 1680". St. Philip's Church. Retrieved March 9, 2014.
- South Carolina Department of Archives and History listing for Saint Michael's Episcopal Church
- James Dillon (1978). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: St. Michael's Church" (pdf). National Park Service. and Accompanying two photos, exterior, from 1969 (32 KB)
- Beesley, Charles Norbury (1908). Beesley's Illustrated Guide to St. Michael's Church, Charleston, So. Ca. Charleston, S.C.: Walker, Evans & Cogswell Co. OCLC 9168211.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to St. Michael's Episcopal Church (Charleston, South Carolina).|
- Official website
- Saint Michael's Episcopal Church, Charleston County (80 Meeting St., Charleston), including four photos, at South Carolina Department of Archives and History
- Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) No. SC-62, "St. Michael's Church, 80 Meeting Street, Charleston, Charleston County, SC", 41 photos, 4 color transparencies, 11 measured drawings, 16 data pages, 5 photo caption pages
- site history
- National Historic Landmarks Program listing for Saint Michael's Episcopal Church
- National Register listings for Charleston County
- Historic Charleston's Religious and Community Buildings, a National Park Service Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary