St. Nicholas Church, Leipzig

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St. Nicholas Church
Nikolaikirche
Nikolaikirche in 2012
St. Nicholas Church is located in Germany
St. Nicholas Church
St. Nicholas Church
Location Leipzig
Country Germany
Denomination Evangelisch-Lutherisch (Protestant)
Previous denomination Roman Catholic
Website www.nikolaikirche.de
Architecture
Style Romanesque, Gothic, Baroque, Neoclassical (interior)
Groundbreaking c. 1165
Specifications
Capacity 1,400+
Interior, facing the altar
Organ
(video) External and internal views of Nikolaikirche on a snowy day, December 2014

The St. Nicholas Church (in German: Nikolaikirche) is one of the major churches of central Leipzig, Germany. Construction started in Romanesque style in 1165, but in the 16th century, the church was turned into a Gothic hall church. Baroque elements like the tower were added in the 18th century.

In the 18th century, several works by Johann Sebastian Bach, who was the music director of Nikolaikirche and of St. Thomas Church from 1723-50, premiered here. The Neoclassical interior dates to the late 18th century.

The church rose to national fame in 1989 with the Monday Demonstrations when it became the centre of peaceful revolt against communist rule. By capacity, it is one of the largest churches in Saxony.

History[edit]

Construction of the church began about 1165. It is named after St. Nicholas, patron of travelers and merchants. It was built originally in the Romanesque style (with twin towers) but was extended and enlarged in the early 16th century in Gothic style. The Baroque main tower was added in 1730, the portal dates from 1759.[1]

In 1784-97 the interior was remodeled by German architect Johann Carl Friedrich Dauthe in the Neoclassical style. The church has been a Protestant seat since 1539 after the Protestant Reformation, but today the Catholic Church is also allowed to use it.[1]

The church saw four of the five performances (including the premiere) of the St John Passion by Johann Sebastian Bach on Good Friday in 1724, 1728, 1732, and 1749 as well as many of his cantatas and oratorios performed by the Thomanerchor.

Peaceful demonstrations[edit]

Cabaret artist Bernd-Lutz Lange said about the events which started in the St. Nicholas Church:

There was no head of the revolution. The head was the Nikolaikirche and the body the centre of the city. There was only one leadership: Monday, 5 pm, St. Nicholas Church."[2]

Post-reunification[edit]

More recently the church has been struggling to find the funds for interior restorations which have been ongoing since 1968.

Description[edit]

Organ[edit]

The church organ was renovated from mechanical (tracker) action to pneumatic action in the early 20th century.[3]

Today[edit]

The current pastor for this church is Bernhard Stief.

Nikolaikirche has a capacity of over 1,400 seats.[1]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Nikolaikirche zu Leipzig (German)". Nikolaikirche congegration. Retrieved 22 June 2016. 
  2. ^ The rise and fall of the German Democratic Republic, 1945–1990, by Mike Dennis, Longman, 2000. p.278 ISBN 0-582-24562-1
  3. ^ Die Orgel (German) Nikokaikirche, Leipzig, retrieved 2 May 2013

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°20′25″N 12°22′43″E / 51.34028°N 12.37861°E / 51.34028; 12.37861