St. Olaf's Church, Tallinn

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St. Olaf's church
Oleviste kirik
St Olaf's church, Tallinn, July 2008.jpg
59°26′29.1″N 24°44′52.1″E / 59.441417°N 24.747806°E / 59.441417; 24.747806Coordinates: 59°26′29.1″N 24°44′52.1″E / 59.441417°N 24.747806°E / 59.441417; 24.747806
Location Tallinn
Country Estonia
Denomination Baptist
Previous denomination Roman Catholic, Lutheran
Website Website of the Church
History
Status Active
Founded 12th Century
Specifications
Spire height 124 metres (407 ft)

St. Olaf’s Church or St. Olav's Church (Estonian: Oleviste kirik) in Tallinn, Estonia, is believed to have been built in the 12th century and to have been the centre for old Tallinn's Scandinavian community before Denmark conquered Tallinn in 1219. Its dedication relates to King Olaf II of Norway (also known as Saint Olaf, 995–1030). The first known written records referring to the church date back to 1267, and it was extensively rebuilt during the 14th century.

History[edit]

In origin, St. Olaf's Church was part of the united western tradition of Christianity, whose polity continues in the Roman Catholic Church today. However, during the Reformation the church became part of the Lutheran tradition. Eventually proving surplus to the requirements of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Tallinn, St. Olaf's Church became a Baptist church in 1950.[1][2] The Baptist congregation continues to meet at St. Olaf's today.

From 1944 until 1991, the Soviet KGB used St. Olaf's Church's spire as a radio tower and surveillance point.[3]

Height[edit]

In 1590, the total height of the church tower was 115.35–125 m. The tower has been hit by lightning around 10 times, and the whole church has burned down three times throughout its known existence. According to sources it was the tallest building in the world from 1549 to 1625, but this claim is controversial: one account of the final rebuilding states the church was formerly "ten fathoms" higher, but paintings depict a spire similar in proportions to the current one; moreover, several different fathoms were in use in Estonia at the time and it is uncertain which was meant. After several rebuildings, its spire is now 123.8 meters tall.[4]

See also[edit]

Images[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ CONTENTdm Collection : Item Viewer Archived 2013-12-02 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ Guide to Tallinn. Religious sites in Tallinn, Estonia Archived 2013-12-03 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ "Estonian Paper on KGB Eavesdropping Facility". Daily Report: Soviet Union. Rosslyn, VA: Foreign Broadcast Information Service/NTIS: 80. September 6, 1990. Retrieved August 6, 2018. 
  4. ^ Ants Hein (2012). "Oleviste pole kunagi olnud maailma kõrgeim ehitis" [St. Olaf's Church Never Was the World's Tallest Building]. Imeline Ajalugu. 

External links[edit]