St. Patrick's, Carlow College
|Coláiste Phádraig Ceatharlach|
|Latin: Collegii Carloviensis|
|Motto||Rescissa Vegetior Assurgit
Pruned, it blossoms all the more
|President||Conn Ó Maoldhomhnaigh|
County Carlow, Carlow, Republic of Ireland
|Nickname||Carlow College or "St Pat's"|
Catholic University of Ireland(1879-1906)
St Patrick's, Carlow College, founded in 1782 by James Keefe, then Roman Catholic Bishop of Kildare and Leighlin, and his co-adjutor bishop Daniel Delany, is a college in Carlow, Ireland. Initially he attempted to open a seminary in Tullow, but instead took out a 999-year lease on the present site. It is notable for educating many Catholic priests, but also provides courses in humanities and social studies to the laity. The college opened in 1793.
- 1 History
- 2 Present
- 3 Buildings on the College Land
- 4 See also
- 5 External links
- 6 References
Carlow College, or St Patrick's as it is known locally, is one of Ireland's oldest educational institutions. During the nineteenth century, students studied Philosophy, Theology, Mathematics, Languages and Law at Carlow College. It was founded in 1782. The delay in accepting students was due to resistance from the local Protestant Bishop, but the passing of the Relief Act of 1792 obviated the need for his permission. From 1793 to 1892, it educated both lay people and those studying for the priesthood. In 1832 college president Fr. Andrew Fitzgerald O.P. was imprisoned as part of the Tithe War for his refusal to pay tithes.
In 1840, Carlow College was accredited by the University of London and over the succeeding decades students of the college sat the examinations for primary degrees in Arts (B.A.) and Law (LL.B.) from London. In May 1847, Carlow College president Dr. James Taylor purchased a house and farm of 127 acres at Knockbeg and St. Mary’s was opened there as a preparatory school to Carlow College, in 1892 lay students were transferred to Knockbeg. In 1866 Queen's University of Ireland engaged in a dialogue about empowering it to examine and confer degrees on students other than those of the Queen’s colleges, the St. Patricks College Carlow Report was conducted and the college was deemed to meet the criteria, as evidenced by the courses examined and conferred by University of London, (the report listed all the students and professors at the time) however it was never enacted. This dialogue with the President James Walshe and the Queen's senate caused a dispute between Walshe and Cardinal Cullen. Ordained students and staff at the college produced The Carlow College Magazine.
In 1844 the Foreign Missions Fund was established after a bequest from Rev. Maurice Kearney, and sometimes called the Kearney Fund, this allowed Bishops to Foreign Missions adopt and students to avail of bursaries to help them.
Following the 1879 University Education (Ireland) Act all Catholic colleges, including Carlow College, came under a reconstituted Catholic University of Ireland, and affiliated to the new Royal University of Ireland. Hence students could be matriculated and examined by the Royal University.
From 1892 up to 1989, the college was operating principally as a seminary for the priesthood. Between 1793 and 1993 it is estimated that 3132 priests were ordained in Carlow. 1989 seen the college be affiliated to N.C.E.A. the forerunner of HETAC.
In 1993 a stone cross by the German artist Paul Schneider, was placed in the grounds to celebrate its bi-centenary, also a lecture was given by former college president Bishop Ryan.
In 1995 full-time degree students became entitled to the Irish Governments free fees scheme and local authority grants.
Distinguished among the thousands of its past students was one of the first ever Catholic bishops to be appointed in the United States, John England; the man who single-handedly brought Catholicism to Australia, John Therry; Ireland's first cardinal, Paul Cullen; the artist Frank O'Meara; the Young Irelander and land-reform theorist, James Fintan Lalor and the Fenian John O'Leary, friend of W. B. Yeats. Daniel O'Connell, also known as 'The Liberator' or 'The Emancipator' and Ireland's predominant political leader in the first half of the nineteenth century, reputedly gave an oration to the Carlow townspeople from the top of the college's front porch. Descendants of O'Connell have studied and taught the college. Also educated in Carlow College were James Fintan Lalor's brothers Richard Lalor, Irish Nationalist, MP for Queens County and Sir Peter Lalor, M.P. Speaker of the Victoria Parliament, Australia.
The Rev. William Clancy (1802–1847) the missionary and bishop in the United States and British Guiana studied at Carlow.
The Jesuit and first president of UCD, Fr. William Delany, received his early education at Carlow.
The Rt. Rev. Michael Collins, Bishop of Cloyne, who was expelled from Maynooth due to his support for the Robert Emmet rebellion completed his studies atCarlow.
The Rev. Daniel William Cahill, an editor of the Dublin Telegraph, attended Carlow College; he returned in 1825, as Professor of Natural Philosophy in Carlow College, a post he held until 1834. Amongst his pupils were the aforementioned Lalor brothers. Dr Cahill's nephew, Patrick Cahill, was also educated at Carlow College, obtaining an LLB from the University of London. He was a supporter of Irish Nationalism and Home Rule and later went on to found the Leinster Leader newspaper.
The nationalist Maurice Leyne and the physician and poet Richard D'Alton Williams(1822–1862) attended Carlow College. The Poet and teacher William A. Byrne, (William Dara) attended Carlow.
Patrick Moriarty OSA was the second president of Villanova College, and instrumental in its setting up, studied at Carlow, before joining the Augustinians.
A number of the rooms in the college are named after alumni and people associated with the college such as Cobden Hall named after the architect Thomas Cobden who designed the college building, the John England Room and the Therry Room amongst others.
Among the first professors were French refugees following the revolution, Abbés Noget, Chabout and Labruné.
James Warren Doyle, O.E.S.A., Roman Catholic Bishop of Kildare and Leighlin, campaigner for Catholic Emancipation, and the builder of Carlow cathedral, held a professorship at Carlow College from 1814-1819. He was a professor of theology and was Chair of Rhetoric.
In 1865 Carlow College Cricket Club established and games played against other carlow and Dublin teams. In 1882 Ecclesiastic students at Carlow College played rugby and Carlow College Rugby Club formed in 1898 they played in the Leinster Senior Cup, in 1912 rugby was reintroduced, as the Irish Nationalism increased Gaelic games became more prominent.
Presidents of the college
- Henry Staunton (1792–1814)
- Andrew Fitzgerald O.P. (1814–1843)
- James Ignatius Taylor (1843–1850)
- James Walshe (1850–1856) became Bishop in Kildare and Leighlin.
- John Dunne (1856–1864) appointed Parish Priest of Kildare.
- James B. Kavanagh (1864–1880)
- Edward Burke (1880–1892)
- Patrick Foley (1892–1896) became Bishop in Kildare and Leighlin
- John Foley (1896–1937), brother of Bishop Foley, was a professor at Carlow from 1886.
- Thomas Browne (1937–1941), became parish priest in Port Laoise.
- James J. Conway V.G. (1941–1948)
- Martin Brenan (1948-1956)
- Patrick Lennon, (1956-1966) he became Bishop in Kildare and Leighlin.
- Robert Prendergast (1966-1970)
- P.J. Brophy (1970–1974)
- Laurence Ryan (1974–1980), he later became Bishop of Kildare and Leighlin
- Matthew Kelly (1980-1986)
- John McDonald (1986-1994)
- Caoimhín(Kevin) Ó Néill (1994 – 2015)
- Conn Ó Maoldhomhnaigh (2015–present), previously Vice-President
In the 1990s, it reclaimed its primary role as a college of the Humanities for lay people, and it ceased to be a seminary. Today, the college is an accredited institution of the Higher Education and Training Awards Council (H.E.T.A.C.), Dublin. In 1996 the college began an NCEA Certificate and Diploma course in Social Care. Prior to the foundation of HETAC a number of its courses were validated by its forerunner the National Council for Educational Awards (NCEA). Also about this time the college joined the Central Applications Office CAO for Irish school leavers applying for college, on the 2011 CAO there degrees in Citizenship and Community Studies, Humanities (Philosophy and Theology), English and History and Applied Social Studies in Social Care. The Humanities degrees are recognised for teaching in secondary schools.
Other postgraduate programmes include Higher Diploma in Business Studies in Parish Planning and Administration, Postgraduate Diploma in Equality and Diversity in the Workplace and Master of Arts in Therapeutic Child Care and qualify for tax relief.
Currently, there is an approximate student body of 700 students, full and part-time, taking degrees in the Humanities (in all fields of Philosophy, Theology and the Liberal Arts) and in the fields of Social Care; however, this number is likely to increase in the forthcoming years as the college has built a fine reputation of being a 'home away from home,' as the college has a unique, community-orientated ethos. A Graduation ceremony takes place each October with awards of Certificate, Diploma and Degrees being awarded. More recently an annual college ball has commenced.
Services and Facilities at the college include Lecture Theatres, the P.J. Brophy Memorial Library, study facilities, IT facilities, Canteen, Students, online learning via moodle.
A graduation ceremony takes place each year and is attended by local figures from politics, education and business, as well as family and friends of the graduates. The 2011 graduation ceremony took place on 11 October, where graduates were conferred with their certificates, undergraduate and postgraduate degrees in attendance was representatives of HETAC, Cllr. Tom O'Neill, Cathaoirleach of Carlow Town Council, Pat Deering TD, along with other dignitories.
At the 2013 Graduation ceremony 255 students received their qualifications degrees in Applied Social Sciences, Humanities, English and History, Community Studies, and Masters in Therapeutic Childcare and an MA by Research, Bishop Denis Nulty attended the ceremony
The 2014 Graduation took place in the college with 242 graduating, along with the conferring ceremony the colleges new Information and Training centre was opened on Tullow Street, by Deputy Ann Phelan TD.
The 2016 Conferring takes place on 13 November, with the ceremony in the adjoining Cathedral and a reception in the college.
Links with other colleges
In recent years, the college has established special links with Carlow University, Pittsburgh and with St. Ambrose University, in Davenport, Iowa. Other colleges which Carlow hosts study abroad programmes for University of West Florida (Irish Experience Programme), Mount Mercy University, Harper College, Kishwaukee College, and Parkland College in Illinois, through the Illinois Consortium for International Studies and Programs and Madison Area Technical College, Wisconsin these programmes would include excursions, Irish Literature and history courses.
Recent developments within Carlow College
As of the 2006–2007 academic year, the college has opened a magnificently designed state-of-the-art library situated in the old college chapel. The library is named in memory of Fr Patrick Brophy, a former president of the college, who bequeathed his full library to the college. The new facility incorporates the Delany Archive containing the archives of the Brigidine Sisters, the Patrician Brothers as well as the college and diocese. It effectively charts 200 years of education in the local area. The P.J. Brophy memorial library stocks thousands of texts of the Humanities, in Philosophy, Theology, English Literature, Social Studies and the general Liberal Arts. The opening of the new library coincides with the opening of a new student services centre which is adjacent to the library. On 12 December 2006, the President of Ireland, Mary McAleese, officially opened the Fr P.J. Brophy Memorial Library and the Kathleen Brennan Student Services Centre where the Students Union offices are located. 2014 seen the opening of the Information and Training Centre on Tullow Street
History students from the college volunteer to help in the Carlow Museum which neighbours the College. The is a Students' Union, and various sports and societies, which include Debating, Drama, Gaming, Philosophy, Soccer and Gaelic Games. Niall Torris Union President for the 2014-2015 academic year succeeding Terry Behan. The Students' Union also has a Vice-President, Welfare, and Societies Officer.
The College also hosts a mass and carol service in December in the prayer room.
Partnership with Trinity College, Dublin
In November 2007, Carlow College signed on an agreement with Trinity College, Dublin, which allows for a new strategic collaborative partnership in the Humanities and Social Sciences between the two oldest colleges in Ireland. The partnership has led to the M.Ed. programme in Carlow which commences in September 2012.
Coinciding with this agreement, in 2008, Carlow College played host to a series of History lectures named Re-interpreting Rebellion in Irish History as part of the Michael Slattery lectures. These lectures featured appearances from history lecturers such as Prof. Ciaran Brady, Prof. Jane Ohlmeyer and Dr Michael O' Siochru.
The 2015 lecturer series included talks by Prof. David Dickson, Dr. David Ralph, Prof. David Ditchburn, Dr. Antje Roeder and Prof. Daniel Faas 
Other recent public lectures such as "The Legacy of Vision: John Henry Newman’s Idea of a University" by Dr Andrew Pierce (Trinity College) and "The Legacy of Vision: John Henry Newman’s Idea of a University" by Prof. Patrica Casey (UCD/Mater Hospital).
National Centre for Contemporary Art and the George Bernard Shaw Theatre
In the spacious grounds of Carlow College is the unique National Centre for Contemporary Art and the George Bernard Shaw Theatre, which officially opened in 2009. The college generously donated a significant portion of its grounds to Carlow County Council to aid the project. The opening of this centre coincides with a new entrance to the grounds of the college from the Old Dublin Road side of Carlow town.
Buildings on the College Land
- St. Patrick's - main Building of the College.
- P.J. Brophy Library - former Chapel of Sacred Heart.
- Cobden Hall - former Chapel named after Architect Thomas Cobden.
- John England Room - Lecture hall named after famous former student.
- Therry Room - Lecture hall named after famous former student.
- Cathedral of the Assumption of Blessed Virgin Mary, Carlow
- VISUAL Centre for Contemporary Art & The George Bernard Shaw Theatre
- Information and Training Centre (on Tullow Street)
The College is a keen supporter and participant in the annual Carlow Arts Festival, with the College buildings, the Cathedral, Visual Centre and college grounds, used for hosting events, and for the Festival. The 37th festival sees the Festival HQ in a specially built pavilion on the College grounds.
- Bowen, Desmond (1983). Paul Cardinal Cullen and the shaping of modern Irish catholicism. (1. publ. ed.). Dublin u.a.: Gill and Macmillan u.a. ISBN 978-0889201361.
- Carlow College Report HETAC
- Paul Cullen and his contemporaries with their letters from 1820-1902, by Peadar Mac Suibhne, Published in 1965, Leinster Leader (Naas)
- Minutes of the Senate of the University of London - 1 January – 22 July 1840
- St. Mary's College, Knockbeg rootsweb
- Kennedy, David (1946), Towards a university : an account of some institutions for higher education in Ireland and elsewhere, and of the attitude of Irish Catholics to them, with particular reference to Queen's College and Queen's University, Belfast / by David Kennedy, Catholic Dean of Residences, Queen's University
- St. Patrick's College Carlow Report, 1866 Introduction Printed by T. Price, 55 Dublin St.
- Page 96, Ireland Since the Famine by F.S.L. Lyons, Fontana Press, (1971)
- National Centre of Liturgy - Who we are www.liturgy-ireland.ie
- Irish priests in the United States: a vanishing subculture By William L. Smith.
- Carlow College adapts to Changing times Bishop Jim Moriarity, Irish Times, Monday, 4 August 2003.
- The Once and Future Church: Carlow College Bicentenary Lecture by L. Ryan - 1993.
- Written Answers. - Free Tuition Initiative, Minister for Education Niamh Bhreathnach Dáil Éireann, Tuesday, 14 November 1995
- Francis Hearn -1798 Rebellion And Waterford
- Kelly-Kenny, GENERAL SIR THOMAS, G.C.V.O., Catholics Who's Who, F. C. (Francis Cowley) Burnand.
- Kevin O'Higgins www.ucc.ie.
- Ecclesiastics at Carlow College play rugby. Carlow College Rugby Club formed. Chronology of Carlow Cricket.
- THE RIGHT REV. JAMES WALSHE.D.D BISHOP OF KILDARE AND LEIGHLIN. COLLECTIONS RELATING TO THE DIOCESES OF KILDARE AND LEIGHLIN BY M, COMERFORD,
- Kildare and Leighlin Diocesan Appointments announced www.carlowcathedral.ie
- HETAC - Accredited Providers www.hetac.ie
- Courses PC Carlow College Central Applications Office 2011
- Recognised Post-primary Teaching Qualifications The Teaching Council
- QUALIFICATIONS RECOGNISED BY REGISTRATION COUNCIL FOR THE PURPOSE OF ADMISSION TO THE REGISTER OF SECONDARY SCHOOL TEACHERS ATSI Website, 2002
- Post Graduate Courses eligible for tax relief in the 2010/2011 Academic Year www.revenue.ie
- New Course in Higher Education Carlow People, Tuesday 26 June 2012.
- Graduation 2011
- Students Graduate from Carlow College Carlow People, 4 November 2013.
- Proud day for Carlow College by Padraig Byrne, Carlow People, 22 November 2014.
- Carlow University (USA) Students Visit Carlow College (Ireland) Next Month - Press Release, Carlow University 30 May 2006
- Study Abroad Programmes - Fieldwork Abroad St. Ambrose University, Website
- UWF theatre, music and art students take talent overseas News - University of West Florida, May 18, 2016.
- UWF Irish Experience: Irish music spoke to students Pensacola News Journal, July 2, 2016.
- Explore the Emerald Isle - Carlow College www.icisp.org
- Study Abroad - Carlow College Parkland College website
- Carlow Study Aborad Madison College website
- Delany Archive Collections.
- New Strategic Partnership between Trinity College Dublin and Carlow College Trinity College Dublin Website, 6 November 2007
- Slattery Lectures Carlow College 2015 www.kandle.ie
- Carlow Arts Festival - Official website
- Carlow Arts Festival - Carlow Tourism