St. Paul's School (New Hampshire)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
St. Paul's School
Address
Map
325 Pleasant St.

,
03301

United States
Information
TypePrivate, Boarding
MottoEa discamus in terris quorum scientia perseveret in coelis
(Let us learn those things on Earth the knowledge of which continues in Heaven)
Religious affiliation(s)Episcopal
Established1856; 168 years ago (1856)
FounderGeorge C. Shattuck
CEEB code300110
RectorKathleen Carroll Giles
Faculty108 total[1]
Grades9 to 12
GenderCoeducational
Enrollment540
International students17%[1]
Average class size11 students
Student to teacher ratio5:1
Campus size2,000 acres (809 ha)
Campus typeSuburban
Houses19 (9 boys', 9 girls', 1 all-gender)
Student councilStudCo (founded 1918)[9]
Color(s)   Red & White
Song"Love Divine"[2]
Athletics51 Interscholastic teams
17 Interscholastic sports
8 Intramural
Athletics conferenceLakes Region League
SSL
MascotPelican
NicknameBig Red
AccreditationNEASC
NewspaperThe Pelican
Annual tuition$65,410 (2023-24)
AffiliationsESA
NAES[4]
NAIS[5]
TABS[6]
TSAO[7]
Nobel laureatesJohn Franklin Enders
Acceptance rate15.7% (2022)[8]
Faculty with advanced degrees76%[3]
Students receiving financial aid39%[1][10]
Websitewww.sps.edu

St. Paul's School (also known as St. Paul's or SPS) is a college-preparatory, coeducational boarding school in Concord, New Hampshire, affiliated with the Episcopal Church. The school's 2,000-acre (8.1 km2), or 3.125 square mile, campus serves 540 students, who come from 37 states and 28 countries.

Established in 1856 to educate boys from upper-class families, St. Paul's later became one of the first boys' boarding schools to admit girls and is now home to a diverse student body from all backgrounds. It is one of the only remaining boarding-only high schools in the United States. Although the school no longer publicizes the size of its financial endowment, on a per-student basis, St. Paul's was the wealthiest boarding school in New England as of January 2019. Because of its extensive financial resources, students with annual household incomes of $125,000 or below "generally qualify for full tuition support." 38% of students are on financial aid.

The school's list of notable alumni includes U.S. ambassadors, congressmen, senators, Pulitzer Prize winners, a Secretary of State, and a Nobel laureate, among others.

History[edit]

In 1856, Harvard University-educated physician and Boston Brahmin George Cheyne Shattuck, inspired by the educational theories of Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi,[11] turned his country home in the hamlet of Millville, New Hampshire, into a school for boys.[12]: 8, 9 [13] Shattuck wanted his boys educated in the austere, bucolic countryside. A newly appointed board of trustees chose Henry Coit, a 24-year-old clergyman, to preside over the school for its first 39 years.[14] In addition to Shattuck's two boys and Coit and his wife, there was one other student.[15] The original location was 50 acres, but over the years surrounding lands were acquired.[16]: 14 

James P. Conover, a St. Paul's School graduate (Form of 1876) and master (1882–1915), is credited with bringing ice hockey and squash to the school and the United States.

Throughout the latter half of the 19th century, the school expanded. In the 1870s, the first ice hockey games in the U.S. were played on the Lower Pond.[17] During the infancy of ice hockey in the United States, the school established itself as a powerhouse that often played and beat collegiate teams at Harvard and Yale.[14] Its Lower School Pond once held nine hockey rinks. In 1884, it built the first squash courts in America.[18] Both ice hockey and squash were introduced to the school by James Potter Conover, one of the most celebrated American athletes of his time, who had also competed for Columbia University.[18] By 1895, when Coit died, the school had 35 teachers and 345 students.[15]

In 1910, Samuel Smith Drury took over as rector. Drury, who had served as a missionary in the Philippines, found St. Paul's in almost all aspects — student body, faculty, and curriculum — severely lacking a serious commitment to academic pursuits and moral standards. He sought to hire better teachers, tighten academic standards, dissolve secret societies, and encourage a student council. Drury also presided over the school throughout the 1920s and 1930s during what the school historian called its "Augustan era".[14]

The first faculty and students of color arrived at the school in 1957 and 1959, respectively.[19] The following decade ushered in a turbulent period for St. Paul's. In 1968, students wrote an acerbic manifesto describing the school administration as an oppressive regime. As a result, seated meals were reduced from three times a day to four times a week, courses were shortened to be terms (rather than years) long, mandatory chapel attendance was reduced to four times a week, and the school's grading system was changed to eliminate + and - grades (re-introduced in 2016) and given its current High Honors, Honors, High Pass, Pass, and Unsatisfactory labels instead of A–F.[20][21] By the end of the sixties, St. Paul's had begun to admit sizable numbers of minorities in every class, had secularized its previously strict religious schedule considerably, and expanded its course offerings. It admitted girls for the first time in 1971, becoming one of the first boys' boarding schools to do so.[14][17] The arts program was also expanded in the early seventies, while the interdisciplinary Humanities curriculum was introduced in the early nineties.[19]

A new library, designed by Robert A. M. Stern and Carroll Cline,[22] opened in 1991; a 95,000 sq. ft. Athletic & Fitness Center[23][24] opened in 2004. The school celebrated its 150th anniversary in 2006. The new science and math building—the Lindsay Center—opened in fall 2011.[25] The former visual arts center, the Hargate Building, underwent construction until 2017 to become the new Friedman Community Center.[26]

The modern school, in addition to students drawn from the highest levels of American society and international elites, serves a diverse body of students from all backgrounds.[27]

Facilities[edit]

The school's rural 2,000-acre (809 ha) campus is familiarly known as "Millville," after a now-abandoned mill whose relic still stands in the woods near the Lower School Pond. The overwhelming majority of the land comprises wild and wooded areas. The campus itself includes four ponds and the upper third of the Turkey River.

There are 19 dorms, nine boys', nine girls', and one all-gender. Each houses between 20 and 40 students, and every dorm has members of all four forms. The architecture of the dormitories varies from the Collegiate Gothic style of the "Quad" dorms (built in 1927)[28] to the spare, modern style of the Kittredge building (built in the early 1970s).[29]

Lindsay Center contains a greenhouse and an observatory.[30]

Overlooking the Lower School Pond, the Ohrstrom Library was remodeled in 2016 and is now home to 75,000 print books and almost half a million e-books in its digital archive, "putting the school archives on par with some of the country’s major universities."[26] Perhaps the focal point of the campus is the Chapel of St. Peter and St. Paul, constructed between 1886 and 1888,[31] also known as the New Chapel. There is an Old Chapel, used only for ceremonial events as it is too small now to accommodate the entire faculty and student body.[32]

Finances[edit]

Tuition and financial aid[edit]

In the 2023-24 school year, St. Paul's charged students $65,410 plus fees, of which financial aid covered, on average, $57,000.[33]

St. Paul's offers need-based financial aid, and commits to meet 100% of demonstrated financial need for every admitted student. The school states that families with annual household incomes of $125,000 or below "generally qualify for full tuition support." Approximately 38% of SPS students are on financial aid, and the school's financial aid budget is approximately $10 million.[33]

Although nearly all financial aid at St. Paul's is administered strictly on the basis of financial need, the school offers a limited number of regional scholarships for students from Alabama, California, New Jersey, New Mexico, Montana, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, and Wyoming, as well as Mexico.[34]

Endowment and expenses[edit]

St. Paul's no longer publicizes the exact size of its financial endowment. However, in its Internal Revenue Service filings for the 2021-22 school year, SPS reported total assets of $953.8 million, net assets of $854.6 million, investment holdings of $724.4 million, and cash holdings of $14.9 million. SPS also reported $64.7 million in program service expenses and $10.9 million in grants (primarily student financial aid).[35]

A January 2019 analysis found that on an endowment-per-student basis, St. Paul's was the wealthiest boarding school in New England.[36]

Athletics[edit]

Notable sports[edit]

The 1962 SPS boys' ice hockey team. Robert Mueller (#12) and John Kerry (#18) are in the front row, second and third from the left.

St. Paul's has a long tradition of ice hockey. St. Paul's, and the city of Concord more broadly, were early cradles for ice hockey in America.[37][38] By some accounts, the first hockey game in the United States was played on the St. Paul's Lower School Pond on November 17, 1883.[38][39][40][41] The school was an established leader in the sport in the early 20th century, playing and beating collegiate teams, including Harvard[42] and Princeton.[43] For much of this time, the SPS hockey team was coached by Malcolm Gordon, a member of the U.S. Hockey Hall of Fame. In addition, college hockey's award for the most outstanding male player is named after SPS alumnus Hobey Baker.

The first squash courts in the United States were built at St. Paul's in 1884.[18][44][45]

St. Paul's boys' crew won the Princess Elizabeth Challenge Cup at the Henley Royal Regatta in 1980, 1994[46][47] and again in 2004.[48][47] The St. Paul's women's crew team won the Peabody Cup at the Henley Women's Regatta in 1996, 1998, 2001, and most recently 2019.[49]

Conference affiliation[edit]

St. Paul's is a member of both the Six Schools League (a small group of schools spread across New England) and the Lakes Region League (a larger group of schools concentrated in New Hampshire and Vermont).[50][51] In addition, the athletic directors of St. Paul's and the other members of the Eight Schools Association comprise the Eight Schools Athletic Council, which organizes sports events and tournaments among ESA schools.[52][53][54]

Until 2017, St. Paul's was a member of the Independent School League (ISL). The school announced that it withdrew from the ISL due to league bylaws surrounding merit scholarships.[50]

Daily life[edit]

Students throw a disc around on the Chapel lawn on a warm spring day.

St. Paul's conducts its Humanities classes using the Harkness method, which encourages discussion between students and the teacher, and between students.[55]

Socialization[edit]

According to Shamus Khan, author of Privilege: The Making of an Adolescent Elite at St. Paul's School (2010) and a sociologist who is a St. Paul's alumnus, students are socialized to function as privileged holders of power and status in an open society. Privilege in meritocracy is acquired through talent, hard work, and a wide variety of cultural and social experiences.[16]: 15, 16  Economic inequality and social inequality are explained by the lack of talent, hard work, and limited cultural and social experience of the less privileged.[needs update] Thus high status is earned, not based on entitlement.[56] According to Khan, "Today what is distinct among the elite is not their exclusivity but their ease within and broad acceptance of a more open world."[57]

The Coit building, housing dining halls and the Coit dormitories

Hierarchy is embedded in the rituals and traditions of the school from the first day.[citation needed] According to Khan, the student advances up the ladder of the hierarchy embedded in the culture of the school.[58][needs update]

Traditions[edit]

The 2005 Alumni Parade (see below) from all the way in the back

The annual Inter-House Inter-Club Race, known among students as the "Dorm Run," but now officially named the "Charles B. Morgan Run", takes place late in Fall Term, usually in early to mid-November. Students are invited to earn points for their dorm and club by running in a 2-mile (3.2 km) cross country race. The current student record is 9:48, set in 2006 by Peter Harrison '07.[59]

In the Spring Term, St. Paul's holds a school-wide public speaking contest called the Hugh Camp Cup. The finalists' speeches are delivered before the entire school, and the student body votes on a winner, whose name is engraved on the prize. Alumnus John Kerry achieved this distinction during his sixth form year.[39]

St. Paul's students once had a close relationship with jam bands like the Grateful Dead. Some of the slang peculiar to St. Paul's originated as the "Pyramid Dialect" among St. Paul's students and alumni who followed the Grateful Dead's 1978 shows in Egypt.[60] Phish played in the Upper Dining Hall on May 19, 1990.[61] American electro house artist Steve Aoki performed in the school's Athletic & Fitness Center on April 9, 2015.[62][63]

Advanced Studies Program[edit]

The Chapel of St. Peter and St. Paul (also known as the New Chapel)

St. Paul's School founded the summer Advanced Studies Program in 1957 to provide juniors from public and parochial New Hampshire high schools with challenging educational opportunities. The students live and study at the St. Paul's campus for five and a half weeks and are immersed in their subject of choice. Recent offerings have included astronomy and Shakespeare. In addition to the course load, students choose a daily extracurricular activity or sport to participate in four afternoons per week. The program had a 37% admission rate in 2010. In 2014, 267 students from 78 high schools participated in the Advanced Studies Program.[64]

Controversies[edit]

Historical sexual misconduct[edit]

In May 2017, the school issued a report, led by former Massachusetts Attorney General Scott Harshbarger, detailing sexual misconduct by 13 former faculty and staff members (including Gerry Studds) that occurred between 1948 and 1988. The report did not focus on any allegations that occurred after 1988.[65] Sexual misconduct documented in the report covered assaults, harassments, and rape. One student who contacted The Boston Globe, but not the people conducting the report said, "It's not a complete accounting. It's nowhere close."[65] Any further historical allegations are reported by an independent overseer.[66][67]

In July 2020, author Lacy Crawford published her memoir of being raped as a 15-year-old student on campus, and the school's subsequent cover-up.[68][69]

Claims of financial misappropriation[edit]

Craig B. Anderson, the Episcopal bishop who was St. Paul's rector for eight years, retired under pressure in May 2005 after a campaign by parents and alumni that criticized his management of school finances and investments.[24] Anderson had severely cut back on school expenses while simultaneously being quite liberal with his own compensation and perks.[70] There was an investigation by the Attorney General of New Hampshire that resulted in a settlement agreement and an audit by the IRS.[11][71]

"Senior Salute" rape allegations and trial[edit]

The "Senior Salute", a supposed[72] ceremony in which seniors would proposition younger classmates for sexual encounters before graduation, was brought light in the news in 2015, when a former student, Owen Labrie, was charged with the rape of a 15-year-old freshman, Chessy Prout.[73][74][75][76][77][78][79][80][81][82] Labrie was found guilty on three counts of statutory rape, one count of endangering the welfare of a child[82][83] and one felony count of using a computer to lure a minor.[82][83] On October 29, 2015,[83] he was sentenced to a year in jail and five years of probation and was required to register as a sex offender.[84][85][86] The New Hampshire Supreme Court unanimously denied Labrie's first appeal of his conviction in November 2018.[87] In June 2019, a second appeal, in which Labrie claimed ineffective assistance of legal counsel at trial, was unanimously denied.[88] A confidential settlement was reached with the victim.[89] In June 2019, Labrie was released early from a 12-month sentence due to good behavior and the New Hampshire Supreme Court unanimously denied his appeal for a new trial.[90]

Chessy Prout, with the help of Jenn Abelson, an investigative reporter for The Boston Globe, published her memoir of the incident, I Have the Right To: A High School Survivor's Story of Sexual Assault, Justice, and Hope, on March 6, 2018.[73]

Criminal investigation by Attorney General[edit]

In July 2017, the New Hampshire Attorney General, with assistance from Concord police and the New Hampshire State Police, started a criminal investigation into the school to determine whether administrators engaged in conduct that endangered the welfare of students.[91] In 2018, the state AG reached a settlement agreement with the school to avoid criminal prosecution. In 2020, the overseer of the settlement abruptly resigned, citing verbal abuse and obstruction by the school of his ongoing investigations.[92]

Notable alumni[edit]

Notable faculty[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Quick Facts". St. Paul's School. Archived from the original on 16 April 2020. Retrieved 16 April 2020.
  2. ^ "Alumni Resources - School Hymn" (PDF). www.sps.edu. Retrieved 12 July 2020.
  3. ^ a b "SPS at a glance 2018-19" (PDF). SPS.edu. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 October 2018. Retrieved 3 November 2023.
  4. ^ "St. Paul's School Profile". Private School Review. Archived from the original on 2020-05-04. Retrieved 2020-05-04.
  5. ^ "School Directory". NAIS. Retrieved 2020-05-04.
  6. ^ "St. Paul's School". TABS. Archived from the original on 2020-05-04. Retrieved 2020-05-04.
  7. ^ "Ten Schools: St. Paul's School". www.tenschools.org. Archived from the original on 2014-12-02. Retrieved 2020-06-17.
  8. ^ Jana, Brown (2022-08-18). "Virtual Admissions Season Results". St. Paul's School. Archived from the original on 2022-08-18. Retrieved 2021-11-02.
  9. ^ "St. Paul's School Student Council". www.facebook.com. Archived from the original on 2020-04-16. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  10. ^ "Financial Aid - St. Paul's School". www.sps.edu. Archived from the original on 2020-05-03. Retrieved 2020-05-03.
  11. ^ a b "A Private-School Affair" feature article by Alex Shoumatoff in Vanity Fair (magazine) January 2006, accessed August 21, 2015
  12. ^ Hecksher, August (1980), St. Paul's: The Life of a New England School, New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, ISBN 0684166070
  13. ^ Hicks, David V. "The Strange Fate of the American Boarding School". The American Scholar. 65: 527 – via JSTOR.
  14. ^ a b c d Hecksher, August. A Brief History of St. Paul's: 1856–1996. Concord, New Hampshire: The Board of Trustees of St. Paul's School, © 1996.
  15. ^ a b Khan, Shamus Rahman (2010-12-28). Privilege: The Making of an Adolescent Elite at St. Paul's School: The Making of an Adolescent Elite at St. Paul's School (Princeton Studies in Cultural Sociology) (p. 11). Princeton University Press. Kindle Edition. "Coit died in 1895, firmly at the helm until his final days. By the end of his forty-year tenure, St. Paul's had a faculty of 35 and a student body of 345."
  16. ^ a b Khan, Shamus Rahman (2010-12-28). Privilege: The Making of an Adolescent Elite at St. Paul's School: (Princeton Studies in Cultural Sociology). Princeton University Press. Kindle Edition.
  17. ^ a b "SPS History". www.sps.edu. Archived from the original on 2018-10-21. Retrieved 2018-10-21.
  18. ^ a b c Zug, James (2001-05-01). "Barking Elbows: The First Squash Courts in America". www.squashtalk.com. Archived from the original on 2011-07-23. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  19. ^ a b "NEASC Visiting Committee Report" (PDF). 2018-04-12. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2020-07-19.
  20. ^ "SPS Sesquicentennial Exhibit". Ohrstrom Library. St. Paul's School. Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  21. ^ "2018–19 Student Handbook" (PDF). SPS Handbook: 84. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-10-20.
  22. ^ Louie, Elaine (27 February 2000). "Carroll Cline, 72; Added Light to Architecture". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 2018-10-21. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  23. ^ Kennedy, Robert. "St. Paul's School Profile". About.com. Archived from the original on 2013-05-08. Retrieved 2013-05-28.
  24. ^ a b Strom, Stephanie (2004-11-21). "Turmoil Grips Elite School Over Money and Leaders". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 2015-08-20. Retrieved 2015-08-24.
  25. ^ "Lindsay Center - St. Paul's". Hampshire Fire Protection. 2010-06-07. Archived from the original on 2013-06-29.
  26. ^ a b de la Pena, Matt (2017-11-27). "Feature: Centering on the Arts - New Fine Arts Building Exhibits All Signs of Success". St. Paul's School Alumni Horae. Archived from the original on 2018-10-20. Retrieved 2018-10-20.
  27. ^ "It has an intentional diversity that few communities share or can afford. Sitting next to a poor Hispanic boy from the Bronx— who forty years ago would never have been admitted— is a frighteningly self-possessed girl from one of the richest WASP families in the world." Khan, Shamus Rahman (2010-12-28). Privilege: The Making of an Adolescent Elite at St. Paul's School: (Princeton Studies in Cultural Sociology) . Princeton University Press. Kindle Edition.
  28. ^ Stern, Robert A.M. (1999-05-17). "Frederick Law Olmsted - The Architecture of St. Paul's School and the Design of the Ohrstrom Library". Ohrstrom Library. St. Paul's School. Archived from the original on 2005-10-27. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  29. ^ Stern, Robert A.M. (1999-05-17). "The Late 1960s - The Architecture of St. Paul's School and the Design of the Ohrstrom Library". Ohrstrom Library. Archived from the original on 2006-09-12.
  30. ^ "St. Paul's School – Lindsay Center for Mathematics and Science".
  31. ^ "Our School". www.sps.edu. Archived from the original on 2020-04-16. Retrieved 2020-04-16.
  32. ^ "The old chapel is one of the most beautiful spaces on campus: in the middle of the grounds, intimate, and too small to house the whole student body." Khan, Shamus Rahman (2010-12-28). Privilege: The Making of an Adolescent Elite at St. Paul's School: (Princeton Studies in Cultural Sociology) (pp. 74-75). Princeton University Press. Kindle Edition.
  33. ^ a b "Tuition & Financial Aid". St. Paul's School. Archived from the original on 2024-02-25. Retrieved 2024-02-26.
  34. ^ "Regional Scholarships". St. Paul's School. Retrieved 2024-02-26.
  35. ^ "IRS Form 990". ProPublica. Retrieved 2024-02-26.
  36. ^ "Boarding Schools' Endowment Per Student". Richard Kain's Writings. 2019-01-29. Retrieved 2024-02-26.
  37. ^ "A Skating Rink/Boxing Ring, And a Wild and Crazy Facade". The New York Times. 6 February 2005. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  38. ^ a b 'Concord, N.H., Revisiting a Pond Hockey Legacy' article by Brion O’Connor in The New York Times January 25, 2011, accessed August 24, 2015
  39. ^ a b Purdum, Todd S. (16 May 2004). "Prep School Peers Found Kerry Talented, Ambitious and Apart". The New York Times. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  40. ^ "SPS Today: 'NH Hockey Legends Celebrates School's Role in Sport's History', 29 Mar 2006". Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  41. ^ "Concord Insider: 'Visit "the cradle of American hockey"', 11 Dec 2007". Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  42. ^ New York Times: 'St. Paul's Beats Harvard at Hockey', 12 Feb 1908
  43. ^ New York Times: 'SCHOOLBOY SEVEN OUTPLAYS NASSAUS; St. Paul's Hockey Team Scores Victory by 9 to 1 at St. Nicholas Rink', 21 December 1917
  44. ^ Wallbutton, Ted. "History of Squash". squashplayer.co.uk. Archived from the original on 2020-05-03. Retrieved 2020-05-03.
  45. ^ US Squash's history of the game
  46. ^ Mallozzi, Vincent M. (1995-01-19). "1994 THE YEAR IN REVIEW; From Archery to Paddleball to Yachting, Winners All". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 2018-11-09. Retrieved 2018-01-19.
  47. ^ a b "Results". Henley Royal Regatta. Retrieved 2023-09-29.
  48. ^ "The Princess Elizabeth Challenge Cup - 2004". Henley Royal Regatta. Archived from the original on 2020-05-03. Retrieved 2020-05-03.
  49. ^ "Event Trophies". Henley Women's Regatta. Retrieved 2023-09-29.
  50. ^ a b Brown, Jana (2016-04-21). "St. Paul's to Play Full ISL Schedule Next Year". St. Paul's School. Archived from the original on 2020-05-03. Retrieved 2020-05-03.
  51. ^ "NEPSAC LEAGUES - NEPSAC". www.nepsac.org. Retrieved 2020-10-28.
  52. ^ "Drive Time Radio (Sort Of) (As Far As You Know)". www.nedgallagher.com. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  53. ^ "A Lawrenceville Story (As Far As You Know)". www.nedgallagher.com. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  54. ^ "Meeting, Meeting, Meeting (As Far As You Know)". www.nedgallagher.com. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  55. ^ "The Harkness Table: Schools". Archived from the original on 10 May 2014. Retrieved 26 May 2013.
  56. ^ Page 16, Privilege: The Making of an Adolescent Elite at St. Paul's School, Shamus Khan. "From this perspective, inequality is explained not by the practices of the elite but instead by the character of the disadvantaged."
  57. ^ "Today what is distinct among the elite is not their exclusivity but their ease within and broad acceptance of a more open world." Khan, Shamus Rahman (2010-12-28). Privilege: The Making of an Adolescent Elite at St. Paul's School: (Princeton Studies in Cultural Sociology) (p. 19). Princeton University Press. Kindle Edition.
  58. ^ "Through their daily sitting in the Chapel and countless other formal and informal experiences at the school, students are taught that the world is a hierarchical place and that different people are placed in different spaces within this hierarchy." Khan, Shamus Rahman (2010-12-28). Privilege: The Making of an Adolescent Elite at St. Paul's School: (Princeton Studies in Cultural Sociology) (p. 28). Princeton University Press. Kindle Edition.
  59. ^ "SPS Today: 'School Pride Shows in Annual Club/House Race', 15 Nov 2007". Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  60. ^ Shenk, D. and Silberman, S. Skeleton Key. Main Street Books, 1994
  61. ^ "May 19, 1990 Setlist - The Upper, St. Paul's School". phish.net. Archived from the original on 2020-05-03. Retrieved 2018-01-19.
  62. ^ "St Paul's School New Hampshire #AokiGroup #872 - TagYoSelf! - Facebook". www.facebook.com. 2015-04-12. Archived from the original on 2020-05-03. Retrieved 2018-01-19.
  63. ^ "Instagram post by Steve Aoki • Apr 11, 2015 at 1:52pm UTC". Instagram. 2015-04-11. Archived from the original on 2020-05-03. Retrieved 2018-01-19.
  64. ^ "Advanced Studies Program at St. Paul's School". St. Paul's School. Retrieved April 15, 2015.
  65. ^ a b Levenson, Michael; Ellement, John R.; Saltzman, Jonathan (2017-05-23). "St. Paul's School admits 13 staffers engaged in 'sexual misconduct'". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 2017-05-23.
  66. ^ Maher, Jeff (2020-01-31). "Semi-Annual Report on St. Paul's School" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2020-07-19. Retrieved 2020-07-19.
  67. ^ Maher, Jeff (2019-08-31). "Semi-Annual Report on St. Paul's School" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2020-07-19. Retrieved 2020-07-19.
  68. ^ Knoll, Jessica (2020-07-07). "A Survivor of Sexual Assault Speaks Out". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2020-07-19.
  69. ^ "Author Lacy Crawford Looks Back At Her Sexual Assault In New Memoir". NPR.org. Retrieved 2020-07-19.
  70. ^ "...as staff positions were cut to save money, Anderson enriched himself, raising his salary from around $180,000 to $530,000." Khan, Shamus Rahman (2010-12-28). Privilege: The Making of an Adolescent Elite at St. Paul's School: (Princeton Studies in Cultural Sociology) (p. 39). Princeton University Press. Kindle Edition.
  71. ^ Stephanie Strom (May 14, 2005). "I.R.S. Is Auditing Boarding School After Dispute on Its Finances". The New York Times. Retrieved August 24, 2015.
  72. ^ Sutherland, Paige (September 7, 2015). "Rape Trial Raises Questions About 'Senior Salute' At N.H. Boarding School". NHPR. Retrieved September 16, 2015.
  73. ^ a b Chessy Prout; Jenn Abelson (March 6, 2018). I Have the Right To: A High School Survivor's Story of Sexual Assault, Justice, and Hope (hardcover) (First ed.). Margaret K. McElderry Books. p. 416. ISBN 978-1534414433.
  74. ^ Jess Bidgood and Motoko Rich (August 18, 2015). "Rape Case Puts Focus on Culture of Elite St. Paul's School". The New York Times. Retrieved August 19, 2015. one of many students trying to beat out his peers by seeing how often he could "score".
  75. ^ Jess BidGood (August 19, 2015). "In Girl's Account, Rite at St. Paul's Boarding School Turned Into Rape". The New York Times. Retrieved August 20, 2015. ...a campus rite called the "senior salute", when older students ask younger ones to join them for a walk, a kiss, or more.
  76. ^ Jess BidGood (August 20, 2015). "Accuser in St. Paul's Rape Case Defends Account in Cross-Examination". The New York Times. Retrieved August 20, 2015. A core issue raised by the trial involves the nature of a St. Paul's ritual called a "senior salute" — in which seniors proposition younger students for some kind of intimate encounter.
  77. ^ Haimy, Assefa; Cava, Camille (August 19, 2015). "Rape trial draws attention to St. Paul's prep school 'Senior Salute' tradition". CNN. Retrieved September 1, 2015.
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Further reading[edit]

  • Cookson, Peter W., Jr., and Caroline Hodges Persell. Preparing for Power: America's Elite Boarding Schools (Basic Books, 1985) online
  • McLachlan, James. American Boarding Schools: A Historical Study (1970) online

External links[edit]