St. Paul, Alberta

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Saint-Paul
Saint-Paul-des-Métis (1909–1936)
Town
Town of St. Paul
St. Paul on 40 Street south of 50th Avenue
St. Paul on 40 Street south of 50th Avenue
Saint-Paul is located in Alberta
Saint-Paul
Saint-Paul
Coordinates: 53°59′34″N 111°17′50″W / 53.99278°N 111.29722°W / 53.99278; -111.29722Coordinates: 53°59′34″N 111°17′50″W / 53.99278°N 111.29722°W / 53.99278; -111.29722
Country Canada
Province Alberta
RegionNorthern Alberta
Census division12
Municipal districtCounty of St. Paul No. 19
Founded[1]1896
Incorporated[2] 
 • VillageJune 14, 1912 (as St. Paul de Metis)
 • TownDecember 15, 1936
Government
 • MayorMaureen Miller
 • Governing bodySt. Paul Town Council
Area
 (2016)[4]
 • Land8.64 km2 (3.34 sq mi)
Elevation646 m (2,119 ft)
Population
 (2016)[4]
 • Total5,827
 • Density674.2/km2 (1,746/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC−7 (MST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−6 (MDT)
Postal code span
T0A 3A0 & T0A 4A0
Area code(s)+1-780, +1-587
HighwaysHighway 29
Highway 881
WebsiteOfficial website
UFO Landing Pad in St. Paul, Alberta

St. Paul, originally known as St-Paul-de-Métis or St-Paul-des-Métis, is a town in east-central Alberta, Canada, within the County of St. Paul No. 19. It was known as St. Paul de(s) Métis between 1912 and 1936.[6][7]

History[edit]

The community was founded as a Métis colony in 1896 after missionary Albert Lacombe petitioned the Canadian government for a land grant reserved for the Métis people to farm. The colony was founded as Saint-Paul-des-Métis on four townships of federal government property[8] which was leased for 99 years at a rate of $1 per year.[9] Each Métis family which settled in the area received 80 acres of land, livestock, farming equipment and access to collective land, and soon after a chapel, boarding school, sawmill and windmill were constructed in the colony. The colony experienced significant hardships due to storms and a fire in 1905 which resulted in the colony's failure and termination of the government lease in 1908.[9][1] One of the original structures of the colony, the Old St. Paul Rectory, a mission site built as the administrative centre for the Oblate priests remains standing today, and is designated a Alberta Provincial Historical Resource.[8]

Following the failure of the Métis colony the area was opened up to European colonists, and under the care of Father Thérien, 450 people including French-Catholic[1] colonists homesteads were registered in the area in on 2 days in 1909,[10] and the community was incorporated as the Village of St. Paul de Métis on June 14, 1912,[6] though it was referred to as St. Paul des Métis by June 6, 1922,[7] and would later incorporate as the Town of St. Paul, removing any mention of the Métis on December 15, 1936.[6] The community would construct a 48 km railroad track to connect the village with the Canadian railway network in 1920, which had stopped at Spedden, Alberta.[9][10]

Demographics[edit]

The population of the Town of St. Paul according to its 2017 municipal census is 5,963,[11] a change of -0.7% from its 2014 municipal census population of 6,004.[12] In the 2016 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, the Town of St. Paul recorded a population of 5,827 living in 2,248 of its 2,378 total private dwellings, a 7.8% change from its 2011 population of 5,405. With a land area of 8.64 km2 (3.34 sq mi), it had a population density of 674.4/km2 (1,746.7/sq mi) in 2016.[4]

As of the 2016 Canada Census, 71% of the population is of European descent. Indigenous people make up the next largest ethnic group with 16% of St. Paul's population. Most of the town's Indigenous residents are Cree or Métis.[4] Visible minorities make up 12.3% of St. Pauls population. Filipino Canadians (6.1%) form the largest group, followed by Black Canadians (3.6%), Chinese (0.7%) and South Asians (0.7%).[4]

In the 2011 Census, the Town of St. Paul had a population of 5,400 living in 2,169 of its 2,338 total dwellings, a 5.8% change from its 2006 population of 5,106. With a land area of 7.89 km2 (3.05 sq mi), it had a population density of 684.4/km2 (1,772.6/sq mi) in 2011.[13] In 2012, Statistics Canada adjusted St. Paul's 2011 population by an additional 5 people to 5,405 to reflect its 2011 annexation.[14]

Economy[edit]

St. Paul's economy is driven by the agriculture and service industries.[citation needed] St. Paul is located in Alberta's Lakeland tourism district.[15]

Attractions[edit]

St. Paul is home to the world's first UFO landing pad, built as part of the 1967 Canadian Centennial celebrations in an effort to attract both tourists and Martians to the community. The pad consists of a 30-tonne raised platform with a map of Canada embossed on the back stop, consisting of stones provided by each province of Canada.[16][17] On June 3, 1967, Paul Hellyer, Minister of National Defence, flew in by helicopter to officially open the Pad.[18] The pad was one of over 100 Centennial Projects organized by the town. The idea for the UFO landing pad is credited to former town Mayor Jules Van Brabant and a couple of local business owners, the concrete and steel materials for the landing pad were donated by local construction companies, and a local designer developed the blueprint for the mushroom-shaped pod.[19]

The sign beside the pad reads: "The area under the World's First UFO Landing Pad was designated international by the Town of St. Paul as a symbol of our faith that mankind will maintain the outer universe free from national wars and strife. That future travel in space will be safe for all intergalactic beings, all visitors from earth or otherwise are welcome to this territory and to the Town of St. Paul." Mentioned in George Fox's song, Real Canadian Town. The UFO Landing pad was also featured across Canada as a film crew with Cineplex Entertainment was in the town in May 2014 filming a pre-show piece to be played in Cineplex movie theatres across Canada throughout the month of June.[20] The UFO landing pad was visited by Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip during their 1978 tour of Canada, which included stops at the world's largest easter egg in Vegreville and other communities in Eastern Alberta.[21]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Saint-Paul des Métis". Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved July 15, 2012.
  2. ^ "Location and History Profile: Town of St. Paul" (PDF). Alberta Municipal Affairs. October 7, 2016. p. 583. Retrieved October 11, 2016.
  3. ^ "Municipal Officials Search". Alberta Municipal Affairs. May 9, 2019. Retrieved October 1, 2021.
  4. ^ a b c d e "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 8, 2017.
  5. ^ "Alberta Private Sewage Systems 2009 Standard of Practice Handbook: Appendix A.3 Alberta Design Data (A.3.A. Alberta Climate Design Data by Town)" (PDF) (PDF). Safety Codes Council. January 2012. pp. 212–215 (PDF pages 226–229). Retrieved October 9, 2013.
  6. ^ a b c "Location and History Profile: Town of St. Paul". Alberta Municipal Affairs. June 14, 2013. Retrieved June 17, 2013.
  7. ^ a b "Alteration of the Boundaries of the Village of St. Paul des Métis" (PDF). Alberta Gazette. June 15, 1922. Retrieved June 17, 2013.
  8. ^ a b Old St. Paul Rectory. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved August 6, 2020.
  9. ^ a b c "St. Paul, nerve centre of the Francophone region of northeastern Alberta". corridorcanada.ca. Francophone Heritage, Culture and Tourism Corridor. Retrieved August 6, 2020.
  10. ^ a b Kermoal, Nathalie. "From Saint Paul des Métis to Saint Paul: A Patch of Franco-Albertan History". Encyclopedia of French Cultural Heritage in North America. Retrieved August 6, 2020.
  11. ^ "2017 Municipal Affairs Population List" (PDF). Alberta Municipal Affairs. ISBN 978-1-4601-3652-2. Retrieved January 13, 2018.
  12. ^ "2016 Municipal Affairs Population List" (PDF). Alberta Municipal Affairs. ISBN 978-1-4601-3127-5. Retrieved January 13, 2018.
  13. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2012. Retrieved February 8, 2012.
  14. ^ "Interim List of Changes to Municipal Boundaries, Status, and Names From January 2, 2011 to January 1, 2012 (Table 1 - Changes to census subdivisions in alphabetical order by province and territory)" (XLSX). Statistics Canada. November 14, 2012. Retrieved December 3, 2012.
  15. ^ "Communities". Alberta's Lakeland Tourism. Retrieved March 28, 2011.
  16. ^ "UFO Landing Pad". Town of St. Paul. Retrieved August 6, 2020.
  17. ^ Zurowski, Monica (July 1, 2017). "Quirky, yet patriotic: How Alberta celebrated Canada's Centennial". Calgary Herald. Retrieved August 6, 2020.
  18. ^ "Close Encounters of the Canadian Kind". CBC News. Archived from the original on June 28, 2011. Retrieved June 28, 2011.
  19. ^ Laghi, Brian (June 14, 1992). "UFO imminent in St. Paul: [Final Edition]". Calgary Herald. p. B5.
  20. ^ "UFO landing pad to be featured across Canada". The St. Paul Journal. Archived from the original on March 11, 2016. Retrieved March 11, 2016.
  21. ^ "Queen visits big Easter egg, pad for UFOs". The Globe and Mail. August 3, 1978. p. 8.

External links[edit]