St. Paul Colored Gophers
|St. Paul Colored Gophers
Saint Paul, Minnesota
|Twin City Gophers (1911)|
The St. Paul Colored Gophers was a small club of black baseball players formed in St. Paul, Minnesota in 1907. They were not a formal Negro league team, as the commonly-referred-to "Negro leagues" were not created until 1920. However, like other barnstorming teams of the time, they put considerable pressure on the desegregation of baseball. Historians rarely mention the Colored Gophers in Negro baseball history, and statistics are hard to find.
The club lasted several seasons, also playing under the name Twin City Gophers and Minneapolis Gophers.
In 1909, the Colored Gophers defeated what was considered to be the most powerful Negro baseball team, the Leland Giants. They were managed that year by Phil "Daddy" Reid and Williams, they managed to land Taylor brothers Candy Jim Taylor and Steel Arm Johnny Taylor. Candy Jim went on to manage the team in 1910.
Played as the Twin City Gophers. 
Played as the "'St. Paul Gophers'".
- Bobby Marshall
- Cy Olsen (Manager)
- William Binga
- K. Jones
- John Davis
- Chick Jones
- C. Jones (not Chick Jones)
- Lee Davis
Played as the "'Minneapolis Gophers'".
- Bobby Marshall
- Cannonball Jackson
MLB throwback jerseys
The Minnesota Twins have honored the club by wearing replica throwback jerseys of the team.
- The Twins wore 1909 Gophers uniforms at home against Cleveland on July 13, 1997.
- They wore Gophers uniforms on July 10, 2005, in Kansas City against the Royals, and again on July 21, 2012.
- On August 7, 2010, the Twins featured the Gophers uniforms in a game against the Cleveland Indians at Progressive Field. The Indians wore the Negro League's Cleveland Buckeyes 1946 replica jerseys. Announcers carefully referred to the jerseys as the Saint Paul Gophers, leaving out the word colored.
- "St. Paul Gophers Base Ball Club" The Appeal, St. Paul, Minnesota, August 31, 1907, Page 3, Columns 3 to 5
- "Big Base Ball Battle" St. Paul Appeal, St. Paul, MN, July 10, 1909, Page 3, Columns 5 and 6
- "Colored Gophers Threw Scare Into the Locals" Bemidji Daily Pioneer, Bemidji, Minnesota, Monday Evening, June 28, 1909, Page 1, Columns 6 and 7 and Page 4, Column 1
- "Beach Giants Take Game From Gophers by Narrow Margin" Bismarck Daily Tribune, Bismarck, North Dakota, Tuesday, June 13, 1911, Page 2, Column 3
- "Pickets Won First Scramble" Evening Times, Grand Forks, North Dakota, Monday, June 19, 1911, Page 3, Columns 1 and 2
- "Local Aggregation Lost Game" Aberdeen Daily News, Aberdeen, South Dakota, Thursday, July 10, 1913, Page 8, Column 1
- "Get Best of Colored Gophers" Little Falls Herald, Little Falls, Minnesota, Friday, July 31, 1914, Page 2, Columns 1 and 2
- "Take Two From Gophers" Little Falls Herald, Little Falls, Minnesota, Friday, July 10, 1914, Page 2, Columns 1 and 2
- "Colored Gophers to Play Carrs in South St. Paul" St. Paul Appeal, St. Paul, Minnesota, Saturday, August 5, 1916, Page 3, Column 3
- Associated Press (2005-07-10). "Twins 3, Royals 2, 12 innings". CBSSports.com. Retrieved 2009-05-12.
- Major League Baseball (2010-08-07). "Twins 7, Indians 2, 9 innings". MLB.com. Retrieved 2010-08-07.
- Peterson, Todd, Early Black Baseball in Minnesota: The St. Paul Gophers, Minneapolis Keystones and Other Barnstorming Teams of the Deadball Era. McFarland & Company, 2010. ISBN 0-7864-3816-9; ISBN 978-0-7864-3816-7
- Kirwin, Bill (Fall 2007). "A Glimpse of the St. Paul Colored Gophers (1909) and the Schenectady Mohawk Giants (1913)". NINE: A Journal of Baseball History and Culture 16 (1): 153–155. doi:10.1353/nin.2007.0045.
- LaWell, Matt (2005-07-10). "Notes: Saluting the Negro Leagues: Twins wear replica uniforms of 1909 St. Paul Gophers". MLB.com. Retrieved 2009-05-12.
- Whirty, Ryan, "For One Shining Season in 1909, the Eyes of Baseball Were on St. Paul's Black Baseball Team," City Pages, Apr. 1 2015