St. Pauli

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St. Pauli
Quarter of Hamburg
St. Pauli Piers and the port of Hamburg
Location of St. Pauli
St. Pauli is located in Germany
St. Pauli
St. Pauli
St. Pauli is located in Hamburg
St. Pauli
St. Pauli
Coordinates: 53°33′25″N 9°57′50″E / 53.55694°N 9.96389°E / 53.55694; 9.96389Coordinates: 53°33′25″N 9°57′50″E / 53.55694°N 9.96389°E / 53.55694; 9.96389
CountryGermany
StateHamburg
CityHamburg
Area
 • Total2.6 km2 (1.0 sq mi)
Population
(31 December 2016)
 • Total22,595
 • Density8,700/km2 (23,000/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Dialling codes040
Vehicle registrationHH

St. Pauli (Sankt Pauli; German: [ˌzaŋkt ˈpaʊli] (About this soundlisten)) is a quarter of the city of Hamburg belonging to the centrally located Hamburg-Mitte borough. Situated on the right bank of the Elbe river, the nearby Landungsbrücken is a northern part of the port of Hamburg. St. Pauli contains a world-famous red light district around the iconic Reeperbahn area. As of 2016 the area had 22,595 residents.

History[edit]

At the beginning of the 17th century it developed as a suburb called 'Hamburger Berg' (Hamburg mountain) outside the gates of the nearby city of Hamburg and close to the city of Altona. The name comes from a hill in that area that was planned by Hamburg in 1620 for defence reasons (free field of fire for the artillery). Therefore, settlement was initially allowed there, but soon businesses, which were desired inside neither Hamburg nor Altona, e.g. for their smell or noise, were relegated to 'Hamburger Berg'. Also the rope makers (or 'Reeper' in Low German) went here because in the city it was hard to find enough space for their work.

The name of St. Pauli's most famous street Reeperbahn, or "Rope Walk," harkens back to its rope making past. When people were officially allowed to live in St. Pauli at the end of the 17th century the city government moved workhouses and (pestilence) hospitals out of the city to 'Hamburger Berg,' which later was named after its still existing church, 'St. Pauli' (Saint Paul). St. Pauli was mainly used by sailors for entertainment during their stay in Hamburg and Altona. To this day it is known as the sinful mile, combining the upper and common standards of entertainment, from musicals, theatres, to bars and clubs, as well as the most known red light district.

There have been various social issues and conflicts during the last decades, including the Hafenstraße, Rote Flora and Bambule.

The annual fair "Hamburger Dom" at night.

Chinatown[edit]

Hamburg, as a major port city, has very close ties to China and Asia in general. Since around 1890, it was home to the Chinesenviertel Chinatown area within its St. Pauli district (around Schmuckstrasse), which was shut down by the Nazis in the 1930s. The St. Pauli Chinatown has been re-establishing itself since the 2010s. The city of Hamburg also hosts the biennial high-level conference Hamburg Summit: China meets Europe, has a major Chinese consulate at Elbchaussee 268 in Othmarschen since 1921, and has Shanghai as a sister city. A large contingent of Chinese and other Asian immigrants continue to live in the St. Pauli and Altona districts, while new arrivals also gravitate to this part of the city.

Geography[edit]

It is situated directly on the north bank of the Elbe river close to the port of Hamburg. It is located south of Eimsbüttel, west of Hamburg-Neustadt and east of Altona. According to the statistical office of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein, the quarter has a total area of 2.6 km2 (1 sq mi).

Demographics[edit]

St. Pauli has 27,612 inhabitants in more than 17,000 households.[1] Immigrants were 27.9% of the population.[2] There were 11.9% with children under the age of 18 and 9.3% of the inhabitants were 65 years of age or older.[2] 63.4% of all households were made up of individuals.[1]

Landungsbrücken in 1900

Education[edit]

The Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine (BNI) is located in the Bernhard Nocht Straße 7. It is a research center for tropical and infectious diseases and provides an information center about health risks, vaccinations and medical data about other countries for tourism and travel advice. The research facility formerly located in the Bernhard Nocht Straße hospital is now in the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf (UKE), Martinistraße 52. BNI website

In 2006 there were two elementary schools and a secondary school in St. Pauli.[3]

Culture, sports and recreation[edit]

A prominent symbol is its football club, FC St. Pauli and the Millerntor-Stadion. The club played host to the inaugural FIFI Wild Cup in May–June 2006. In 2010, FC St. Pauli celebrated its centenary. For the jubilee the fan club 18auf12 recorded a song: One Hundred Beers (Words and music by Henning Knorr & Christoph Brüx).[4]

St. Pauli has a long tradition as a recreation and amusement centre. The big port of Hamburg led many sailors to Hamburg who preferred to spend their spare time (while their ships were unloaded and loaded again) in this area.[citation needed] Since then there has been prostitution in St. Pauli, and it is still best known as Hamburg's red-light district. The red-light district is an area of a few streets around the Reeperbahn, often referred to as the Kiez.[citation needed]

Bars and music clubs have a tradition in the Kiez St. Pauli. The Beatles lived in St. Pauli and played at the Star-Club before becoming famous. They were honoured by the naming of Beatles-Platz square. Actor/singer Hans Albers is strongly associated with St. Pauli, providing the neighbourhood's unofficial anthem, with "Auf der Reeperbahn Nachts um Halb Eins" (On the Reeperbahn at Half Past Midnight) from the movie Große Freiheit Nr. 7. The square of Hans-Albers-Platz near Reeperbahn was named after him.

The district is referenced in the song "St Pauli" by Art Brut, which also contains the lyrics "Punk rock ist nicht tot" ("punk rock is not dead").[citation needed]

The Swedish post-industrial rock band Sällskapet's song Nordlicht talks about a pub in the area. The song contains detailed instructions supposedly leading to the location of the pub.[citation needed]

The Guardian counted St. Pauli to the five best places to live in the world.[5]

Voluntary associations[edit]

Important voluntary/cultural organisations in St. Pauli are:

The Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency

Infrastructure[edit]

The Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency Bundesamt für Seeschiffahrt und Hydrographie (BSH) is located in Bernhard Nocht Str. 78. The BSH is a federal authority coming under the jurisdiction of the Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Affairs. Among other things, it provides information of all matters of maritime shipping, to special funding programmes, law of flag, certification of mariners and information of the coasts and coastal waters of Germany. Official website BSH

The head office of Federal Bureau for Maritime Casualty Investigation is in the BSH facility.<[11]

The central court buildings of Hamburg, among others of the Hanseatic Higher Regional Court, are located in the quarter at Sievekingplatz square.

Transportation[edit]

Bridge used by the underground railway near Landungsbrücken station

The Hamburg rapid transit system serves St. Pauli with the Hamburg S-Bahn commuter train stations Landungsbrücken and Reeperbahn and the Hamburg U-Bahn underground stations Landungsbrücken, St. Pauli, and Feldstraße. Public transport is also provided by busses and by ferries along and to the other bank of the Elbe river.

As of 2006, according to the Department of Motor Vehicles (Kraftfahrt-Bundesamt), 5487 private cars were registered in St. Pauli.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b residents registration office (1999) (Source: statistical office Nord of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein)
  2. ^ a b residents registration office (31 December 2005) (Source: statistical office Nord of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein)
  3. ^ Source: statistical office Nord of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein (2006)
  4. ^ One Hundred Beers Archived 31 March 2008 at the Wayback Machine.; accessed 14 November 2010.
  5. ^ Dyckhoff, Tom (20 January 2012). "The five best places to live in the world, and why". the Guardian.
  6. ^ integrative living project 15.11.2010
  7. ^ Website of the culture association LINDA e.V am 15.11.2010
  8. ^ website of the IG St. Pauli, Voluntary associations Archived 2011-07-19 at the Wayback Machine. 15.11.2010
  9. ^ website of Jugend und Sport 15.11.2010
  10. ^ viva con agua 15.11.2010
  11. ^ Impressum, Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency of Germany; retrieved 19 April 2014. "Bundesamt für Seeschifffahrt und Hydrographie (BSH) Bernhard-Nocht-Straße 78 20359 Hamburg Postfach 30 12 20 20305 Hamburg".
  12. ^ Source: Statistical office Nord of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein.

See also[edit]

  • Reeperbahn, a street in the quarter St. Pauli (the so-called red-light district).

References[edit]

External links[edit]