Saint Peter Port
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (September 2009)|
|Saint Peter Port
View of St Peter Port from the South
Location of Saint Peter Port in Guernsey
|Crown Dependency||Guernsey, Channel Islands|
|• Electoral district||Divided into St Peter Port North and St Peter Port South|
|• Total||6.5 km2 (2.5 sq mi)|
|Elevation||0 m (0 ft)|
|• Density||2,800/km2 (7,300/sq mi)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+01 (UTC)|
Saint Peter Port is the capital of Guernsey as well as the main port. The population in 2001 was 16,488. In Guernésiais and in French, historically the official language of Guernsey, the name of the town and its surrounding parish is St Pierre Port. The "port" distinguishes this parish from Saint Pierre Du Bois.
As well as being a parish, St. Peter Port is a small town consisting mostly of steep narrow streets and steps on the overlooking slopes. It is known that a trading post/town has existed here since before Roman times, the pre-Christian name of which has not survived into the modern era.
The post code for addresses in this parish starts with GY1.
People from St. Peter Port, were nicknamed "les Villais" (the townspeople) or "cllichards" in Guernésiais.
On the seaward side it faces Herm to the east, across the Little Russel, and Sark and Brecqhou even further east across the Big Russel between them and Herm. The Bréhon Tower sits in the Little Russel between St Peter Port and Herm.
The land in the north and by the harbour is low lying but in the south, the land gets much higher (but not as high as St Martin's or the Forest). This means that there are quite a few cliffs on the coast between Havelet and Fermain.
Vauvert Primary School has been in the town since 1909.
Sport & leisure
Saint Peter Port is subdivided into four cantons:
- Canton 1 or North Canton
- Canton 2 or Canton of the North-West
- Canton 3 or Canton of the South-West
- Canton 4 or Canton of the South
The features of the town include:
- The Royal Court House, seat of the States of Guernsey
- Hauteville House, Victor Hugo's house of exile, which is now a museum under the aegis of the city of Paris).
- The Town Church, the parish church of St Peter Port at the heart of the town
- St Peter Port Harbour
- Castle Cornet, the historic fortress that guarded the strategic entrance to the port. The castle was formerly a tidal island, but since 1859 a breakwater has connected it to the enlarged harbour.
- Elizabeth College founded in 1563 by Elizabeth I of England. The main building (built 1826) is a prominent feature of the skyline.
- The market, the Arcade, the High Street and the Pollet, which are all part of the shopping district
- The Guernsey Aquarium, situated in fortified tunnels built by the Nazis during the German occupation.
- Footes Lane
Castle Carey was built in 1840 for John Carey. It is a Gothic revival property, attributed to the architect John Wilson, who designed Elizabeth College and St James Concert Hall. It was briefly the residence of the Lieutenant Governor of the Bailiwick of Guernsey and hosted Queen Victoria and Prince Albert during their visit to Guernsey in 1859, and the Duke of Cambridge in 1862. Victor Hugo’s novel “Les Travailleurs de la Mer”, published in 1866 and dedicated to Guernsey, where he spent 15 years in exile, mentions Castle Carey. The castle stayed in the Carey family until William Wilfred Carey sold it in 1912. During the Second World War, the Germans occupying Guernsey used Castle Carey as an officers’ club.
The following main roads (listed from north-south) provide important links between St Peter Port and the other parishes:
- Les Banques (leads up the coast to St Sampson's and the north of the island)
- Rue des Varendes (leads to the parish of Castel)
- Mount Row (leads to St Andrew's and the west of the island)
- Ruette Brayes (leads to St Martin's and the south of the island)
- Fort Road (leads to St Martin's)
The following coastal roads (listed from north to south) are also very important as they provide access to the shops, carparks and the harbour:
- St George's Esplanade
- North Esplanade
- South Esplanade
- Mount Durand
- Sir Isaac Brock – Major General, "Hero of Upper Canada", War of 1812
- Matthew Le Tissier, footballer
- George Métivier, poet
- Heather Watson, tennis player
- Victor Hugo, French writer, In exile in St-Peter Port from 1855 to 1870.
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (September 2009)|
- "St. Peter Port Parish, Canton Boundaries". Stppcons.com. 2007-11-14. Retrieved 2012-10-04.
- "Bailiwick of Guernsey". Crwflags.com. Retrieved 2012-10-04.
- "Guernsey Election of States Deputies, 2008". Islandlife.org. 2008-04-23. Retrieved 2012-10-04.
- Careyroots http://www.careyroots.com/castle.html
- "Contact Us." Blue Islands. Retrieved on 18 September 2009.