St. Peter and St. Paul's Church, Wissembourg

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St. Peter and St. Paul's Church, Wissembourg
Église Saints-Pierre-et-Paul
Abbatiale de Wissembourg
Wissembourg, Sts. Peter and Paul Church, crossing tower.jpg
LocationWissembourg
CountryFrance
DenominationRoman Catholic
History
Founded11th century (11th century)
Architecture
Heritage designationMonument historique
Designated1930[1]
StyleRomanesque
Gothic
Completed14th century
Specifications
Length60 m (200 ft) (inside)
Width22 m (72 ft) (inside)

St. Peter and St. Paul's Church (French: Église Saints-Pierre-et-Paul) of Wissembourg is frequently,[2] but incorrectly, referred to as the second largest Gothic church of Alsace after Strasbourg Cathedral.[3] However, the building, with its interior ground surface area of 1,320 square metres (14,200 sq ft) (60 by 22 metres (197 ft × 72 ft))[4] most probably is the second largest Gothic church in Bas-Rhin which is one of the two departments of the Alsace region.[5] The former abbey church (abbatiale) of Wissembourg's famous Benedictine abbey now serves as the main Roman Catholic parish church of the town.

The church displays a Romanesque bell tower, the sole remain of the church built in the 11th century under the direction of abbot Samuel, and is thus a station on the Route Romane d'Alsace. The major part of the currently visible church is the work of builders under the command of abbot Edelin, in the late 13th century. During the 14th and 15th century, the church was richly decorated with stained glass, sculptures and mural paintings but only parts of the former abundance of works survived the vandalism which occurred during the French Revolution; of the surviving stained glass, what is not seen in the church itself can be found in Strasbourg's Musée de l’Œuvre Notre-Dame. The 6 m (20 ft) wide Romanesque crown chandelier representing the celestial Jerusalem and for which Wissembourg had been famous[6] was also lost during that period; the currently visible chandelier is a 19th-century work.

The church contains a fresco representing Saint Christopher: with its height of 11 m (36 ft), it is the largest painted human figure on French territory.[7]

Among the church's remaining treasures features a pipe organ, built by Louis Dubois in 1766 in one of the largest baroque organ cases in Alsace. When this organ had become barely playable, another organ was installed in the south transept in 1953, in a design typical of its time.[8] The Dubois organ was restored in its (almost) original state between 2010 and 2012.[9]

Located in the south transept of the abbey, the new organ, built buy Roethinger on the principles and aesthetics of the 1950s was taken up in 1989 by Yves Koenig. It remained totally authentic and is therefore a valuable witness of the organ building at the middle of the twentieth century.[10]

An spacious and ornate but unfinished 15th century cloister in Late Gothic style and an adjacent Romanesque Chapter house (12th century) now serving as a lateral chapel are the only other remains of the monastery where Otfrid of Weissenburg once studied and taught.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Saints-Pierre-et-Paul on the French Ministry of Culture database
  2. ^ For instance here, here or here
  3. ^ That honour would actually rather go to Saint-Martin Church, Colmar.
  4. ^ Figures given on the page dedicated to St. Nicholas Church, Haguenau
  5. ^ It does indeed beat likely rivals St. George's Church, Haguenau (61 by 19.6 metres (200 ft × 64 ft)) and St. George's Church, Sélestat (62 by 18.5 metres (203 ft × 61 ft)).
  6. ^ Maquette du lustre roman de l'abbaye à Wissembourg (in French)
  7. ^ Wissembourg (Bas-Rhin) on Quid.fr (in French)
  8. ^ L'orgue Roethinger, 1953 Archived 2014-02-22 at the Wayback Machine (in French)
  9. ^ L'orgue Dubois, 1766 Archived 2016-03-03 at the Wayback Machine (in French)
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-02-22. Retrieved 2015-01-23.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link) (accessed February 7, 2015).

Coordinates: 49°02′14″N 7°56′30″E / 49.03722°N 7.94167°E / 49.03722; 7.94167