St Andrew's Church, Dent

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St Andrew's Church, Dent
St Andrew's Church, Dent, from the south
St Andrew's Church, Dent is located in Cumbria
St Andrew's Church, Dent
St Andrew's Church, Dent
Location in Cumbria
Coordinates: 54°16′41″N 2°27′15″W / 54.2781°N 2.4542°W / 54.2781; -2.4542
OS grid reference SD 705,870
Location Dent
Country England
Denomination Anglican
Website St Andrew, Dent
History
Dedication Saint Andrew
Architecture
Status Parish church
Functional status Active
Heritage designation Grade I
Designated 16 March 1954
Architect(s) Paley, Austin and Paley
(1889–90 restoration)
Architectural type Church
Style Norman, Gothic
Specifications
Materials Stone, stone slate and copper roofs
Administration
Parish Dent with Cowgill
Deanery Kendal
Archdeaconry Westmorland and Furness
Diocese Carlisle
Province York
Clergy
Vicar(s) Revd Peter John Boyles

St Andrew's Church is in the village of Dent, Cumbria, England. It is an active Anglican parish church in the deanery of Kendal, the archdeaconry of Westmorland and Furness. and the diocese of Carlisle. It has a regular Sunday morning eucharist at 10.30am. Its benefice is united with that of St John the Evangelist, Cowgill.[1] The church is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade I listed building.[2]

History[edit]

St Andrew's originated in the 12th century, was rebuilt in 1417, restored in 1590, and again in 1787.[3] A further restoration was carried out in 1889–90 by the Lancaster architects Paley, Austin and Paley at a cost of £2,700 (equivalent to £270,000 in 2015).[4][5][6]

Architecture[edit]

Exterior[edit]

The church is constructed in rubble stone. The nave has a stone slate roof, and the roofs of the aisles are in copper. Its architectural style is mainly Perpendicular. The plan consists of a nave and chancel in one range with a clerestory, north and south aisles running the whole length of the church, a south porch, and a west tower. The tower has a square-headed south doorway, a small west window, a clock face on the south side, and two-light louvred bell openings. At the top of the tower is an embattled parapet. To the west of the north aisle is a lean-to structure containing a round-headed west doorway. The south porch is gabled with a round-headed doorway, leading to a pointed-arched doorway into the church. Along the sides of the clerestory on each side are four two-light windows in the nave, and two three-light windows in the chancel. The south aisle has a two-light window adjacent to the porch, and four three-light windows to the east of it. Under the fourth window is a round-headed priest's door. On the north side of the church is a blocked round-headed doorway towards the west, then windows similar to those of the south aisle. The east window has five lights, and is flanked by two three-light windows.[2] Norman features have been retained in the blocked north doorway, and in parts of the nave and tower.[3]

Interior[edit]

The six-bay arcades are carried on cylindrical and octagonal piers. The chancel is paved with polished Dent marble in a black-and-white chequer pattern. The octagonal oak pulpit is dated 1614, and has a sounding board. There are 17th-century box pews and 18th-century benches in the aisles.[2] The octagonal font is made from Barrow limestone. The stained glass in the east window depicts the Te Deum.[3] The memorials include a marble wall tablet to the geologist Adam Sedgwick who died in 1873. Above the entrance are the Royal arms of George III dated 1792.[2] The two-manual organ was built in about 1892 by H. S. Vincent and Company. It was restored in 2009 by Harrison and Harrison.[7] There is a ring of six bells, all cast in 1787 by William Mears at the Whitechapel Bell Foundry. The ring of bells were overhauled in 2011 by the same bell foundry.[8] They were chrismated (named) by the former Archbishop of York, Dr David Hope on 1 March 2011 enabling them to be pealed for the first time since the Armistice in 1918 on Sunday 6 March 2011.[citation needed]

External features[edit]

The gateway on the south side of the churchyard is listed at Grade II. It consists of a pair of sandstone piers and a wrought iron gate, and dates from the late 18th or early 19th century.[9] Also listed at Grade II is the former grammar school standing in the churchyard, now converted into flats. It is a sandstone building with stone slate roofs, and dates probably from the early 18th century.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dent: St Andrew, Dent, Church of England, retrieved 18 October 2011 
  2. ^ a b c d Historic England, "Church of St Andrew, Dent (1383978)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 18 October 2011 
  3. ^ a b c St Andrews Church (Dent), Cumbria Directory, retrieved 18 October 2011 
  4. ^ UK CPI inflation numbers based on data available from Gregory Clark (2016), "The Annual RPI and Average Earnings for Britain, 1209 to Present (New Series)" MeasuringWorth.
  5. ^ Price, James (1998), Sharpe, Paley and Austin: A Lancaster Architectural Practice 1836–1942, Lancaster: Centre for North-West Regional Studies, p. 90, ISBN 1-86220-054-8 
  6. ^ Brandwood, Geoff; Austin, Tim; Hughes, John; Price, James (2012), The Architecture of Sharpe, Paley and Austin, Swindon: English Heritage, pp. 136, 238, ISBN 978-1-84802-049-8 
  7. ^ Yorkshire, West Riding (Cumbria), Dent, St. Andrew, Main Street {N07027}, British Institute of Organ Studies, retrieved 18 October 2011 
  8. ^ Dent, S Andrew, Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers, retrieved 18 October 2011 
  9. ^ Historic England, "Gateway to south side of churchyard of Church of St Andrew, Dent (1383979)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 18 October 2011 
  10. ^ Historic England, "Old grammar school in churchyard of Church of St Andrew, Dent (1383980)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 18 October 2011 

External links[edit]