St Andrew's Hospital
|St Andrew's Hospital|
|St Andrew's Healthcare|
St Andrews Hospital
|Location||Northampton, Northamptonshire, England|
|Affiliated university||University of Northampton|
|Lists||Hospitals in England|
Formation and expansion
The facility was founded by public subscription for "private and pauper lunatics" and opened as the Northampton General Lunatic Asylum on 1 August 1838. Thomas Octavius Prichard was appointed as the hospital’s first medical superintendent: he was one of the pioneers of "moral management", the humane treatment of the mentally ill. The chapel was designed by Sir George Gilbert Scott and opened in 1863.
In 2017, Channel 4 Dispatches aired Under Lock and Key, which highlighted that people with learning disabilities and autism were being kept in secure hospitals, in concerning conditions. The show detailed the experiences of several patients at St Andrew's Hospital. Concerns included the use of restraint, seclusion and frequent sedation, with one patient remaining mostly in segregation for 22 months, in a room with minimal natural light. It was also revealed that four patients had died on one ward between October 2010 and May 2011 and that all had been prescribed Clozapine. Information that highlighted the role of the use of Clozapine in the deaths of these patients was not shared with the coroner at the initial inquest into one of the deaths.
Walsall Council legal action
In 2018, the father of a girl who has autism and anxiety won a court case against Walsall Council, who had sought to prevent him from publicising details of the conditions his daughter was being detained under, in St Andrew's Hospital. His daughter was being kept in a 12ft by 10ft room, with a mattress and chair, with family members being forced to communicate with her via a hole in the metal door, which she was also being fed through. An earlier assessment had concluded that “the current setting is not able to satisfactorily meet her individual care needs” and a recommendation was made suggesting she be moved to a residential setting in the community with high support, but she continued to remain in the conditions, whilst her father was forced to defend legal action taken by Walsall Council to stop him publicly discussing his daughter and the conditions she was being detained under, at St Andrew's Hospital.
- Malcolm Arnold, British composer
- Frank Bruno, boxer
- John Clare, the "Northamptonshire peasant poet"
- Frank Foster, Warwickshire and England cricketer
- Violet Gibson, Irish woman who shot Mussolini
- Josef Hassid, the Polish violinist
- Lucia Joyce, daughter of James Joyce, stayed here from 1951 until her death in 1982
- George Gilbert Scott junior, architect (son of the designer of the chapel)
- Gladys Spencer-Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough, spent her last 15 years of life in the hospital
- James Kenneth Stephen, poet
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- Foss, p. 28
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- Social Affairs Editor, Greg Hurst (2018-10-13). "Father beats legal bid to silence him over autistic girl in hospital 'cell'". The Times. ISSN 0140-0460. Retrieved 2018-10-13.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
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- "Boxing hero Frank Bruno has spoken out about his time in St Andrew's Hospital in Northampton". Northampton Chronicle. 14 October 2012. Retrieved 7 December 2018.
- Page, William. "'The borough of Northampton: Description', in A History of the County of Northampton". London, 1930: British History Online. p. 30-40. Retrieved 19 October 2018.
- Stephen Brenkley (14 May 2011). "Sad story of Frank Foster, Ashes hero that time forgot". London: The Independent. Retrieved 5 May 2019.
- "Mussolini's nose". Retrieved 8 July 2014.
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- Sean O'Hagan (16 May 2004). "Private dancer". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 8 August 2012.
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- "Gladys, Duchess of Marlborough: the aristocrat with attitude". The Telegraph. Retrieved 19 October 2018.
- "James Kenneth Stephen". University of Toronto - Representative Poetry Online. Archived 15 October 2009 at the Wayback Machine