St Andrews Burghs (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 56°17′06″N 3°01′08″W / 56.285°N 3.019°W / 56.285; -3.019

St Andrews Burghs
Former District of Burghs constituency
for the House of Commons
Subdivisions of Scotland Fife
18321918
Number of members One
Replaced by East Fife
Created from Perth Burghs and Anstruther Burghs

St Andrews Burghs was a district of burghs constituency, representing various burghs of Fife, Scotland, in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, from 1832 to 1918.

Area covered[edit]

The constituency comprised the burghs of St Andrews, Anstruther Easter, Anstruther Wester, Crail, Cupar, Kilrenny and Pittenweem, all in the county of Fife. St Andrews and Cupar had previously been part of Perth Burghs, and the other burghs part of Anstruther Burghs.

In 1918 the constituency was abolished, and the burghs were thereafter represented as part of the East Fife constituency.

Member of Parliament[edit]

Year Member [1] Party
1832 Andrew Johnston Liberal
1837 Edward Ellice Liberal
1880 Stephen Williamson Liberal
1885 Sir Robert Anstruther Liberal
1886 Henry Torrens Anstruther Liberal Unionist
1903 Edward Charles Ellice Liberal
1906 William Anstruther-Gray Liberal Unionist
1910 James Duncan Millar Liberal
1910 William Anstruther-Gray Liberal Unionist
1912 Unionist
1918 constituency abolished

Election results[edit]

At the General Election 1868 Edward Ellice was returned unopposed.[2]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1885: St Andrews Burghs[3][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Sir Robert Anstruther, 5th Baronet 1,256 50.0
Liberal Stephen Williamson 1,256 50.0
Majority 0 0.0
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing

On scrutiny, Sir Robert Anstruther awarded the seat

Brassey
General Election 1886: St Andrews Burghs[3][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Henry Torrens Anstruther 1,132
Liberal Sir Thomas Brassey 716
Majority 416
Turnout
Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal Swing

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1892: St Andrews Burghs[5][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Henry Torrens Anstruther 1,066
Liberal James Martin White 954
Majority 112
Turnout
Liberal Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1895: St Andrews Burghs[6][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Henry Torrens Anstruther 1,185
Liberal John Paton 989
Majority 196
Turnout
Liberal Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

Annand
General Election January 1900[7][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Henry Torrens Anstruther 1,148 51.2
Liberal James Annand 1,094 48.8
Majority 54 2.4
Turnout
Liberal Unionist hold Swing
St Andrews Burghs by-election, 1903[7][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Edward Charles Ellice 1,324 50.7 +1.9
Liberal Unionist William Anstruther-Thomson 1,288 49.3 -1.9
Turnout
Majority 36 1.4 3.8
Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist Swing +1.9
General Election January 1906[7][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist William Anstruther-Gray 1,495 50.4 +1.1
Liberal Edward Charles Ellice 1,472 49.6 -1.1
Majority 23 0.8 2.2
Turnout
Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

Duncan Millar
General Election Jan 1910: St Andrews Burghs[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal James Duncan Millar 1,507
Liberal Unionist William Anstruther-Gray 1,469
Majority
Turnout
Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist Swing
General Election Dec 1910: St Andrews Burghs[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist William Anstruther-Gray 1,675
Liberal James Duncan Millar 1,626
Majority
Turnout
Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal Swing

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

References[edit]

  1. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "S" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
  2. ^ Debrett's House of Commons 1870
  3. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1889
  4. ^ a b c d e f g The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  5. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1893
  6. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1901
  7. ^ a b c British parliamentary election results 1885-1918 by Craig
  8. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1916
  9. ^ Dundee Courier 9 Jan 1914