St Ann's, Nottingham

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St Ann's
St Ann's Boycroft bus 6432cc.JPG
The St Ann's bus on Brewster Road
St Ann's is located in Nottinghamshire
St Ann's
St Ann's
 St Ann's shown within Nottinghamshire
Population 19,316 (Ward 2011)
District City of Nottingham
Shire county Nottinghamshire
Region East Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town NOTTINGHAM
Postcode district NG3
Dialling code 0115
Police Nottinghamshire
Fire Nottinghamshire
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament East Midlands
UK Parliament Nottingham East
List of places
UK
England
Nottinghamshire

Coordinates: 52°57′43″N 1°08′13″W / 52.962°N 1.137°W / 52.962; -1.137

St Ann's
St Ann's Brewster Top vista over Nottingham 6412.JPG
Vista over Nottingham. (2016)
Location Nottingham, UK
Status Stable
Area 1,068 acres (432 ha)
Population 15000   (2005)
Construction
Constructed 1970
Contractors Wimpey
Authority City of Nottingham
Style Radburn

St Ann's is an area of Nottingham, England, with a population of around 15,000 people (2005 figures),[1] increasing to 19,316 at the 2011 census.[2]

History[edit]

The Oswell was a cold water well with alleged magical powers that could cure sore eyes. In the 1500 the name changed to honour St Ann, whose cult was ascendant at the time. St Ann was the patron saint of lacemakers, pregnancy and women who had difficulty in conceiving. Water from the well fed a beck (stream) that ran through "The Spring" to the river. There are several ancient names attached to area Peas Hill (1230), Hunger Hills (1304) and Clay Fields.[3]

In the 1750s Charles Morley started manufacturing brown earthenware, specialising in beer mugs.[3]

In the 1830s Clay fields was divided into plots. With The Enclosure Act of 1845 allowed the city to take 1,068 acres (432 ha) of the Clay fields. It was used for housing, and by 1880 the build of 'New Town' was complete.[3] It was specifically built for the working poor. They were very basic cottages, with a butcher, a baker, a large number of public houses, a market place and, for the first time in Britain, allotments where the poor could grow their vegetables. The Public Health Act 1875 enabled local authorities to make byelaws to regulate such building.[4] Here all the houses were pre-Public Health Act terraced houses, on a gridiron plan arranged around courts of ten houses. These were later demolished under slum-clearance legislation of the 1960s.

The estate was a town within a town, the local constabulary refused to enter St Ann's estate, so policing was managed by the residents relying on 'family affiliation'. It was an area of hard work and low pay that culturally was separate from Nottingham.[5] But it was an area of 10,000 houses where only 9% had an inside toilet, and 50% had no hot water system- many of the yards had shared toilets and open sewers leading to dysentry and cholera. Infant mortality was three times the national average. The latest immigrants, and in 1968 that meant West Indians and Jamaican in particular, had been allocated the worst housing. Clearances of houses such as these started in 1930, but because of the war 'New Town' continued until 1970. The houses were flattened and the residents dispersed.[6]

Tulip Avenue house, from Hungerhill Road, looking towards Robin Hood Chase park (2016)

In 1970, the Victorian streets were replaced with a Radburn style estate. While this introduced a more modern housing stock, the confusing pattern of facing houses with differing street names and the maze of undistinguishable walk-ways made the new estate impenetrable to outsiders.[7] The houses were built by Wimpey, using prefabricated techniques. The first residents were proud of the houses, but critical of the design of the estate.

The inhabitants of the estate suffered firstly from the contraction of manual jobs under the Thatcher government, and the contraction of the public sector jobs under the 2010 austerity governments.[8][9]

The almost empty 'Chase' shopping centre (2009)

Government[edit]

St Ann's lies within the unitary authority of Nottingham, and so is governed by Nottingham City Council.

Geography[edit]

St Ann's lies east of Nottingham city centre, with Thorneywood to the north east and Carlton Road forming the unofficial boundary with Sneinton to the south.

Demography[edit]

In common with other parts of the city, the largely working class population is still affected by the collapse of manufacturing industry and much of the area scores badly on government measures of deprivation. It is ethnically mixed with a strong sense of community.[8] The population in 2005 was around 15,000.

St Ann's is home to people from all over the world such as Pakistan, the West Indies, Iran, Romania, Greece, Portugal, Somalia, Sudan, Guinea and Thailand.[10]

The area has a Pakistani Community Centre and the African Caribbean National Artistic Center (ACNA)

Economy[edit]

In the 19th century the local industries were lace and textile manufacturing, like most of Nottingham.

There is the St Ann's market,[11] which has won EU backing of 200 million pounds to regenerate the market back into its former glory days

There are several ethnic run supermarkets from Jamaican to Pakistani and from Somali to Portuguese. The two main ethnic supermarkets are Murat, which is Iranian and Asiana, which is the largest oriental retail outlet in the East Midlands.[12]

Culture and community[edit]

The area takes its name from St Ann's Well, a spring once thought to have magical healing powers, at the junction of The Wells Road and Kildare Road. It was also known as The Brodewell, the Owswell, Robin Hood's Well, in records dating back to 1301. The people of Nottingham used to walk to St Ann's Well on Easter ('Black') Monday and celebrate with a party. It was covered by a spired structure from 1856 to 1887, which was demolished to make way for the railway and later built over by what became The Gardeners pub.[13]

There is a free urban farm which is active in the community. The last pub in the area was the Sycamore Inn, which closed in April 2014.[14]

Landmarks[edit]

The terraces north of Victoria Park have been listed as representing a style of domestic architecture that was once widespread but has been largely lost to bomb damage and slum clearance.[15]

The St Ann's Allotments is the oldest and largest allotment site in England, created in the 1830s and now Grade 2* listed as being of "Special Historic Interest".[16] The allotments have received National Lottery funding for restoration,[17][18] and were featured on the BBC's The One Show and Radio 4.[19]

Transport[edit]

The Nottingham Suburban Railway ran through the area, connecting Trent Lane junction in Sneinton with Daybrook, but bomb damage closed the Sneinton end in 1941 and the line ceased operations completely in 1951.[20]

Buses[edit]

Nottingham City Transport
  • 39: Nottingham – St Anns (Beacon Hill Rise) – Thorneywood – Carlton Valley.
  • 40: Nottingham – St Anns – Sherwood – City Hospital.
  • 41: Nottingham – St Anns (Direct).
  • 42: Nottingham – Abbotsford Drive – St Anns.
Premiere Travel
  • S11: St Anns – Thorneywood – Carlton – Netherfield – Victoria Park.

Education[edit]

Blue Bell Hill Primary School is on Gordon Road. The Ransom Road site of Nottingham Academy provides secondary education, along with the new St Ann's Well Academy on Hungerhill Rd. There is also Sycamore Academy and Huntingdon Academy.

Religion[edit]

The parish church is St. Ann with Emmanuel; the RCCG Covenant Restoration Assembly St Anns meet in Blue Bell Hill Community Centre.

There are also two Mosques in the area with one in the Pakistani Centre and the Islamic Center [21]

Sport[edit]

There are few sports facilities actually in St Ann's, but across the ring road is the National Ice Centre, an Olympic-sized ice rink that is both home to the Nottingham Panthers, and also acts a major music venue of Nottingham. Nottingham Racecourse, the local horse racing track, and the Nottingham Greyhound Stadium are also nearby.

Media[edit]

Nottingham film-maker Shane Meadows used St Ann's some of this in scenes for the drama This Is England filmed in St Ann's.[22]

Ray Gosling, broadcaster and writer, lived in St Ann's and wrote about it. He also introduced a film about poverty in the area by Thames Television.[23]

Social issues[edit]

There have been two academic studies based on the working class community of St Anns:

  • Poverty: The Forgotten Englishman, by Ken Coates and Bill Silburn : University of Nottingham
  • Getting by: by Lisa McKenzie, LSE

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ "Latest Nottingham population figures (October 2004)". Document showing the population of Nottingham broken down into areas. Archived from the original on 2 May 2005. Retrieved 7 October 2005. 
  2. ^ "City of Nottingham Council ward population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 18 April 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c Baker, Mavis (12 July 2012). "St Ann's: a brief history". St Ann's Well Road Pre Demolition (1970). stannswellroad.weebly.com. Retrieved 18 January 2016. 
  4. ^ McKenzie 2015, p. 23.
  5. ^ McKenzie 2015, pp. 23,24.
  6. ^ McKenzie 2015, pp. 28,29,30.
  7. ^ McKenzie 2015, pp. 38-39.
  8. ^ a b McKenzie 2015, p. 103.
  9. ^ McKenzie, Lisa (9 April 2015). "Estates: can policy change make a difference?". Society Central. University of Essex. Retrieved 18 January 2016. 
  10. ^ http://www.nottinghamcity.gov.uk/citywidecommuntycentres
  11. ^ http://www.nottinghamcity.gov.uk/article/23565/St-Anns-Market
  12. ^ http://www.asianaltd.com/contact-us/nottingham-hypermarket
  13. ^ "'Magical' St Ann's Well in Nottingham to be excavated". BBC News. 21 January 2012. 
  14. ^ Boocock, Marcus (15 January 2014). "Landlord's shock as the 'last pub' in St Ann's faces closure". Nottingham Post. 
  15. ^ Historic England 1270437
  16. ^ "Oldest allotments in Britain". BBC. 14 September 2009. Retrieved 19 June 2012. 
  17. ^ Clover, Charles (4 March 2008). "Britain's oldest allotments to get Lottery grant". The Telegraph. Retrieved 19 June 2012. 
  18. ^ "£330,000 lotto boost for historic St Ann's allotments". Nottingham Post. 11 February 2012. Retrieved 19 June 2012. 
  19. ^ "Gardeners’ Question Time". BBC Radio 4. 14 August 2009. Retrieved 19 June 2012. 
  20. ^ http://www.nottinghampost.com/Bygones-Nottingham-Suburban-Railway/story-12200216-detail/story.html
  21. ^ http://www.mosquedirectory.co.uk/mosques/england/nottinghamshire/nottingham/nottingham-central/Islamic-Centre-Nottingham-Nottingham-Central-Nottingham-Nottinghamshire/1940
  22. ^ Meadows, S,(20 March 2007) This is England in Nottingham, BBC Nottingham website.
  23. ^ Gosling, Ray (1969). "Report, St Annes, Nottingham Slums". YouTube. Thames TV. Retrieved 18 December 2015. 
Bibliography
  • Gosling, Ray (1962), Sum Total. London: Faber. (Republished by Pomona in 2004. ISBN 1-904590-05-5.)
  • Gosling, Ray (1967), Saint Ann's. Nottingham Civic Society.
  • Gosling, Ray (1980), Personal Copy: a memoir of the sixties. London: Faber. ISBN 0-571-11574-8.
  • Coates, Ken; Silburn, Richard (2007). St. Ann's : poverty, deprivation and morale in a Nottingham community. Nottingham: Spokesman. ISBN 9780851247328. 
  • Coates, Ken; Silburn, Richard (1983). Poverty : the forgotten Englishmen. (4. ed.). Nottingham: Spokesman. ISBN 0851243754. 
  • McKenzie, Lisa (14 January 2015). Getting By: Estates, Class and Culture in Austerity Britain. Policy Press. ISBN 9781447309956. 

External links[edit]