St Anne's Church, St Anne's-on-the-Sea
|St Anne's, St Anne's-on-the-Sea|
St Anne's from the south-west
|OS grid reference|
|Location||St Anne's-on-the-Sea, Lancashire|
|Heritage designation||Grade II|
St Anne's Church is an Anglican church in St Anne's-on-the-Sea, a town on the Fylde coastal plain in Lancashire, England. It is an active Church of England parish church in the Diocese of Blackburn and the archdeaconry of Lancaster. It is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II listed building.
History and administration
St Anne's Church was built in 1872–73 as a chapel of ease to St Cuthbert's Church, Lytham, and was one of the first buildings to be constructed in what would become St Anne's-on-the-Sea. The land for the church was donated by the local Clifton family. It was designed by Lancaster architects Paley and Austin at a cost of £4,229 (equivalent to £340,000 in 2016). St Anne's became an independent ecclesiastical parish in 1877. The seaside resort that grew up around the church took its name from it. In 1885–1886 the church was enlarged by Richard Knill Freeman who added a transept, vestry and, to the north, an aisle. A tower was added in 1890, and a lady chapel in 1909. In 1919 the successor in the Lancaster architectural practice, Henry Paley, added a baptistry, followed by repairs in and a memorial vestry in 1929–31.
St Anne's was designated a Grade II listed building by English Heritage on 15 February 1993. The Grade II designation—the third highest of the three grades—is for buildings that are "nationally important and of special interest". An active church in the Church of England, St Anne's is part of the diocese of Blackburn, which is in the Province of York. It is in the archdeaconry of Lancaster and the Deanery of Kirkham. Both the parish and benefice are called St Anne (Heyhouses).
The church is constructed in a mixed Gothic style of red brick in English bond with sandstone dressings; the roof has red tiles. Its plan consists of a nave and chancel under one roof, a west tower, north and south aisles, south transept, a baptistery west of the tower and a memorial lady chapel to the north of the chancel.
Interior and furnishings
There is an organ chamber with an arch that has overlapping brick and basketwork. The lady chapel has a reredos in Caen stone. Stained glass includes work by John Hayward and by Lancaster-based firm Shrigley and Hunt.
The churchyard of St Anne's is triangular. There is a sandstone memorial to six members of the St Anne's Laura Janet lifeboat crew who died attempting to rescue the Mexico in the 1886 Southport and St Anne's lifeboats disaster. A memorial to more of the crew members that were lost is in the churchyard of St Cuthbert's in Lytham. The footballer and manager Harry Catterick is buried in the churchyard.
The churchyard is accessed by a rectangular Tudor-style lychgate, built of timber with a roof of red tile. The churchyard is enclosed by a red brick wall. Together, the lychgate and boundary wall have been given a Grade II designation from English Heritage.
- Hartwell & Pevsner (2009), p. 441
- UK Retail Price Index inflation figures are based on data from Clark, Gregory (2017). "The Annual RPI and Average Earnings for Britain, 1209 to Present (New Series)". MeasuringWorth. Retrieved 6 November 2017.
- Brandwood et al. 2012, p. 226.
- Farrer & Brownbill (1929), pp. 213–19
- Historic England, "Church of St Anne (1219217)", National Heritage List for England (NHLE), retrieved 4 April 2015
- Brandwood et al. 2012, p. 249.
- Brandwood et al. 2012, pp. 252, 253.
- Listed Buildings, Historic England, retrieved 4 April 2015
- "Church Details: St Annes on Sea St Anne (Heyhouses)", blackburn.anglican.org, Diocese of Blackburn, retrieved 16 May 2011
- Historic England, "Lychgate and Boundary Wall to Churchyard of Church of St Anne (1196379)", National Heritage List for England (NHLE), retrieved 4 April 2015
- "RNLI "Laura Janet" Memorial", Official website for St Anne's Church, retrieved 16 May 2011
- Brandwood, Geoff; Austin, Tim; Hughes, John; Price, James (2012), The Architecture of Sharpe, Paley and Austin, Swindon: English Heritage, ISBN 978-1-84802-049-8
- Farrer, William; Brownbill, J., eds. (1912), "Lytham", A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 7, OCLC 59626695
- Hartwell, Clare; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2009) , Lancashire: North, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, ISBN 0-300-12667-0