St Augustine's Abbey, Ramsgate

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St Augustine's Abbey
Divine Retreat Centre, UK
St Augustine's Abbey Church and The Grange - geograph.org.uk - 503995.jpg
St Augustine's Church, St Edward's Presbytery, and the gate of The Grange: opposite the abbey site
St Augustine's Abbey, Ramsgate is located in Kent
St Augustine's Abbey, Ramsgate
Location within Kent
Monastery information
OrderBenedictine
Established1856
Disestablished2010
Dedicated toAugustine of Canterbury
DioceseSouthwark
People
Important associated figuresEdward Pugin
Peter Paul Pugin
Architecture
StatusActive
Functional StatusRetreat Centre
Heritage designationGrade I listed
ArchitectEdward Pugin
Peter Paul Pugin
Site
Coordinates51°19′43″N 1°24′37″E / 51.328644°N 1.410229°E / 51.328644; 1.410229Coordinates: 51°19′43″N 1°24′37″E / 51.328644°N 1.410229°E / 51.328644; 1.410229

St Augustine's Abbey or Ramsgate Abbey is a former Benedictine abbey in Ramsgate.[1] It was built in 1860 by Augustus Pugin and is a Grade II listed building. It was the first Benedictine monastery to be built in England since the Reformation.[2] In 2010, the monks moved to St Augustine's Abbey in Chilworth, Surrey. The site is now owned by the Vincentian Congregation from Kerala, India. The church of St Augustine, across the road from the abbey site, belongs to the Archdiocese of Southwark and is a shrine of St Augustine of Canterbury.

History[edit]

Augustus Pugin had built his home, The Grange, in Ramsgate, and St Augustine's Church next door. He donated the church to the Catholic Diocese of Southwark before his death in 1852, and The Grange remained in private hands.[3]

In 1856, the Bishop of Southwark, Thomas Grant, invited the Subiaco Cassinese Congregation of the Benedictines to form a monastic community in Kent and take over the running of the church. The abbey was built across the road from the church and this was designed by Edward Pugin and Peter Paul Pugin.[3]

The monastery became independent in 1876, a priory in 1881 and was raised to the status of an abbey by Pope Pius IX in 1896. In 1865, a school was established by the monks which lasted until 1995.[3]

In 1936, in nearby Minster-in-Thanet, a group of Benedictine nuns arrived and set up a priory on the remains of a 7th-century abbey and named it St Mildred's Abbey.

Departure of the Monks[edit]

Coat of arms of Dom Paulinus Greenwood, former abbot of the Abbey

On 15 October 2009, it was decided by the monks to relocate to a smaller property which would be easier to maintain. On 23 December 2010, they agreed to move to a former Franciscan friary in Chilworth, Surrey. When they moved in 2011, they named the friary St Augustine's Abbey maintaining continuity between the abbey in Ramsgate and their new home.[4]

St Augustine's Church was returned to the care of the Archdiocese of Southwark. On 1 March 2012, the Archbishop of Southwark, Peter Smith established the church as a Shrine to St Augustine of Canterbury. On 20 May 2012, the church was inaugurated as a shrine at Solemn Vespers and a relic of St Augustine, donated by the Oxford Oratory, was placed in the church.[5]

The abbey was sold by the monks to the Vincentian Congregation in 2014. It is now Divine Retreat Centre UK, and hosts charismatic Catholic retreats.[6]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ramsgate treasures saved for church". Catholic Herald. 14 February 2012. Retrieved 28 July 2014.
  2. ^ Benedictines to sell church treasures worth £100,000 from Catholic Herald retrieved 25 February 2014
  3. ^ a b c Chilworth Benedictines retrieved 25 February 2014
  4. ^ Ramsgate Benedictines move to Chilworth from Independent Catholic News retrieved 25 February 2014
  5. ^ Augustine Shrine retrieved 25 February 2014
  6. ^ Divine UK retrieved 26 February 2014

External links[edit]