St Bartholomew's Church, Barrow

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St Bartholomew's Church, Barrow
St Bartholomew, Barrow.jpg
St Bartholomew's Church, Barrow, from the south
St Bartholomew's Church, Barrow is located in Cheshire
St Bartholomew's Church, Barrow
St Bartholomew's Church, Barrow
Location in Cheshire
Coordinates: 53°12′34″N 2°47′45″W / 53.2094°N 2.7957°W / 53.2094; -2.7957
OS grid reference SJ 469,684
Location Great Barrow, Barrow, Cheshire
Country England
Denomination Anglican
Website St Bartholomew, Barrow
History
Dedication Saint Bartholomew
Architecture
Status Parish church
Functional status Active
Heritage designation Grade II*
Designated 1 June 1967
Architect(s) John Douglas (restorations)
Architectural type Church
Style Gothic, Gothic Revival
Completed 1883
Specifications
Materials Red sandstone
Red tile roof
Administration
Parish Barrow
Deanery Chester
Archdeaconry Chester
Diocese Chester
Province York
Clergy
Rector Rev Colin Randall

St Bartholomew's Church is in the village of Great Barrow in the civil parish of Barrow, Cheshire, England. It is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II* listed building.[1] It is an active Anglican parish church in the diocese of Chester, the archdeaconry of Chester and the deanery of Chester.[2]

History[edit]

A church has been present on this site since at least the reign of Henry II when it was given by Robert de Bachepuz to the Knights Hospitallers of St John who had a preceptory here. It became a parish church during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I. The chancel was built in 1671 for Dean Bridgeman and the tower is dated 1744. By the 18th and early 19th centuries the church was in a poor condition.[3] A limited restoration was carried out in 1871 by John Douglas, who performed a more substantial scheme in 1883.[4]

Architecture[edit]

Exterior[edit]

The church is built in red sandstone ashlar with a red tile roof. There is some medieval stone work in the north aisle. The church consists of a four-bay nave with a north aisle, a south porch and a three-bay chancel. The four-stage tower is at the west end, with a clock in its third stage.[1] Two lead down spouts are inscribed with the date 1744. The roof of the chancel is hammer beam and the ends of the hammers bear the arms of Dean Bridgeman.[3]

Interior[edit]

In the church is an octagonal sandstone font with a lead bowl dated 1713.[3] The stained glass in the east window of the chancel and the east window of the north aisle is by Kempe.[1] In the tower is an early Georgian chest dated 1718. In the church are charity boards dated 1711, 1725 and 1848.[3] A monument to a Mrs Wallis who died in 1848 is by T. and E. Gaffin and depicts an angel kneeling by an urn.[5] The parish registers begin in 1572, with a gap between 1679 and 1681. The churchwardens' accounts begin in 1857. The single bell bears the date 1767 and was probably cast by Rudhall of Gloucester.[3] The two-manual organ was built by Binns.[6]

External features[edit]

The tower was formerly decorated with urns but these were considered to be dangerous and were removed in 1929.[3] They are now placed outside the church at the foot of the tower.[7] In the church yard is a sandstone sundial. It consists of a square base of two steps with a socket containing a slightly tapering octagonal shaft and a cap of buff sandstone. The base and the shaft were originally part of a cross dating from the early 15th century. The cap was added later together with a small square plate inscribed with the date 1705. The plate is now missing. The sundial is listed at Grade II,[8] and is a scheduled monument.[9] Also listed at Grade II are the gates of the churchyard, their overthrow and the gate piers.[10] The churchyard also contains the war graves of four soldiers of World War I.[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Historic England, "Church of St Bartholomew, Great Barrow (1298821)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 1 August 2012 
  2. ^ St Bartholomew, Great Barrow, Church of England, retrieved 27 February 2011 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Richards, Raymond (1947), Old Cheshire Churches, London: Batsford, pp. 40–43, OCLC 719918 
  4. ^ Hubbard, Edward (1991), The Work of John Douglas, London: The Victorian Society, pp. 141, 242, 253, ISBN 0-901657-16-6 
  5. ^ Hartwell, Clare; Hyde, Matthew; Hubbard, Edward; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2011) [1971], Cheshire, The Buildings of England, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, p. 375, ISBN 978-0-300-17043-6 
  6. ^ Cheshire, Barrow, Great St Bartholomew, British Institute of Organ Studies, retrieved 6 August 2008 
  7. ^ Thornber, Craig (2001), A Scrapbook of Cheshire Antiquities:Great Barrow, retrieved 26 October 2007 
  8. ^ Historic England, "Sundial in St Bartholomew's Churchyard, Great Barrow (1130663)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 1 August 2012 
  9. ^ Historic England, "Standing cross in St Bartholomew's Churchyard, Great Barrow (1016855)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 1 August 2012 
  10. ^ Historic England, "Gates, overthrow and gate piers to the Churchyard of St Bartholomew, Great Barrow (1130662)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 1 August 2012 
  11. ^ BARROW (ST. BARTHOLOMEW) CHURCHYARD, Commonwealth War Graves Commission, retrieved 2 February 2013