St Catherine's Church, Over Alderley

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St Catherine's Church, Over Alderley
St Catherine's Church, Over Alderley, from the southwest
St Catherine's Church, Over Alderley is located in Cheshire
St Catherine's Church, Over Alderley
St Catherine's Church, Over Alderley
Location in Cheshire
Coordinates: 53°16′12″N 2°12′27″W / 53.2699°N 2.2074°W / 53.2699; -2.2074
OS grid reference SJ 863 748
Location Over Alderley, Cheshire
Country England
Denomination Anglican
Website St Catherine, Birtles
History
Consecrated 24 February 1890
Architecture
Status Parish church
Functional status Active
Architectural type Church
Completed 1840
Specifications
Capacity 120
Materials Red brick with buff sandstone dressings
Kerridge stone slate roof
Administration
Parish St Catherine, Birtles
Deanery Knutsford
Archdeaconry Macclesfield
Diocese Chester
Province York
Clergy
Vicar(s) Revd James C. Milnes

St Catherine's Church, Over Alderley, also known as St Catherine's Church, Birtles, stands in an isolated position in Birtles Lane, near to Birtles Hall, in the civil parish of Over Alderley, Cheshire, England. It is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II* listed building.[1] It was originally a private chapel for the Hibbert family and is now a parish church. It is unusual in that its tower is octagonal. It contains furnishings and stained glass from Germany and the Netherlands. The church is listed in England's Thousand Best Churches.[2] It is an active Anglican church in the diocese of Chester, the archdeaconry of Macclesfield and the deanery of Knutsford. Its benefice is combined with that of St Mary, Nether Alderley.[3]

History[edit]

St Catherine's was built as a private chapel by Thomas Hibbert of Birtles Hall in 1840. It became the parish church of Birtles and Over Alderley in 1890.[4]

Architecture[edit]

Exterior[edit]

The church is built in red brick with buff sandstone dressings. It has a Kerridge stone-slate roof with a stone ridge. At its southwest corner is an octagonal tower. The plan of the body of the church consists of a five-bay nave, a short chancel, a south porch, and a baptistry in a corresponding position on the north side. The tower has three stages with stone bands at each stage, single-light windows, and is surmounted by an openwork stone lattice balustrade with plain pinnacles.[1]

Interior[edit]

The stained glass and furnishings were collected by the Hibbert family from Germany and the Netherlands.[4] The stained glass came from the Netherlands and dates from the late 16th and early 17th centuries,[5][6] The furnishings include a pulpit dated 1686 containing carved panels including one of the Annunciation on the front, and of images including dolphins, putti, and lions on the back,[7] a manorial pew made from 17th-century carved Flemish oak, and a medieval eagle lectern, which may be the earliest of English origin in the county.[4] There is a second lectern, carved by Mrs Hibbert in about 1894. The reredos is decorated with panels, lion masks, and flowers.[7] The two large brass chandeliers are copies of chandeliers in Milan Cathedral. The tower contains eight bells giving a full octave. The bells were donated in 1895 by the three Hibbert sisters.[4]

The stained glass consists of "an expertly mixed assemblage", with dates ranging from 1541 to 1628.[7] The internal walls were formerly covered in frescoes by Colonel Hugh Robert Hibbert, son of Thomas, who also built an organ for the chapel.[4] The organ was replaced in 1909 by Peter Conacher of Huddersfield. Improvements and renovations were carried out in 1949, 1951 and 1983.[8] The frescoes were painted over in 1950.[citation needed] In 1999 two etched glass memorials to Major Hugh and Mrs Susan Hibbert by Simon Whistler were installed.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Historic England, "Church of St Catherine, Over Alderley (1139604)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 29 March 2012 
  2. ^ Jenkins, Simon; Paul Barker (2000), England's thousand best churches, London: Penguin, ISBN 0-14-029795-2 
  3. ^ Birtles, St Catherine, Church of England, retrieved 13 October 2009 
  4. ^ a b c d e Richards, Raymond (1947), Old Cheshire Churches, London: Batsford, pp. 60–62, OCLC 719918 
  5. ^ Salter, Mark (1995), The Old Parish Churches of Cheshire, Malvern: Folly Publications, p. 24, ISBN 1-871731-23-2 
  6. ^ Birtles, St Catherine, Corpus Vitrearum Medii Aevi (CVMA) of Great Britain, retrieved 2 January 2011 
  7. ^ a b c Hartwell, Clare; Hyde, Matthew; Hubbard, Edward; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2011) [1971], Cheshire, The Buildings of England, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, pp. 161–162, ISBN 978-0-300-17043-6 
  8. ^ Cheshire, Birtles, St. Catherine, National Pipe Organ Register, retrieved 28 October 2007 
  9. ^ The Church Building, St Catherine's, Birtles, retrieved 13 October 2009 

External links[edit]