St Chad's Church, Wybunbury

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St Chad's Church, Wybunbury
Wybunbury 2.jpg
Tower and lych gate of St Chad's Church, Wybunbury
St Chad's Church, Wybunbury is located in Cheshire
St Chad's Church, Wybunbury
St Chad's Church, Wybunbury
Location in Cheshire
Coordinates: 53°02′43″N 2°26′56″W / 53.0452°N 2.4488°W / 53.0452; -2.4488
OS grid referenceSJ 700 499
LocationWybunbury, Cheshire
CountryEngland
DenominationAnglican
Architecture
Functional statusDemolished, other than the tower
Heritage designationGrade II*
Designated12 January 1967
Architectural typeChurch tower
StyleGothic
Specifications
MaterialsSandstone ashlar
Lead roof

St Chad's Church was an Anglican church in the village of Wybunbury, Cheshire, England. The body of the church has been demolished but the tower still stands. The tower is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II* listed building.[1] The site of the church is a Scheduled Monument.[2][3]

History[edit]

The Domesday Book contains a reference to a priest in Wybunbury. The church was broken into in 1464, the cross was broken and valuables were stolen. The thieves were caught and hung. The tower was built in the 15th century on the site of the earlier church. By 1750 its foundations were observed to be settling and the tower was beginning to lean. In the early 1790s the church was repaired or rebuilt.[4] In 1833 the body of the church was demolished; James Trubshaw then straightened the tower by removing soil from the higher side and soaking the ground so that the tower settled back straight. He rebuilt the body of the church in a style loosely based on the previous building. This church was replaced in 1892–93 by a church designed by James Brooks, which in turn was demolished around 1976.[1] The tower was saved from demolition by a group of villagers who formed the Wybunbury Tower Preservation Trust.[5] The technique used by Trubshaw formed the basis of the method used in the 1990s to stabilise the Leaning Tower of Pisa.[6]

As at least five and possibly more churches on this site have become unsafe and been demolished due to ground movement; the replacement church was built in 1978 on a site elsewhere in the village and contains several items from previous churches.

Architecture[edit]

Only the tower now remains and Richards considers that it is one of the finest towers in Cheshire.[4] It still leans to the north. It is built in sandstone ashlar with a lead roof.[1] The tower is square and has five stages. The west doorway is deeply recessed and immediately above it is a window of three lights. On each side of the door and of the window are niches containing statues, possibly of bishops, while over the window is a fifth niche containing a statue of the Trinity.[4] The fourth stage has a square wrought iron clock face. The fifth stage has two two-light belfry openings. The parapet is battlemented with crocketed pinnacles at the corners.[1] The tower contains a ring of six bells which were cast in 1791 by John Rudhall.[7]

Other features[edit]

The lych gate still stands and it serves as a war memorial.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Historic England, "Tower of former Church of St Chad, Wybunbury (1279389)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 27 September 2011
  2. ^ Historic England, "Site of the church of St Chad, Wybunbury (1017060)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 27 September 2011
  3. ^ Pastscape: St Chad's Church, English Heritage, retrieved 14 March 2011
  4. ^ a b c Richards, Raymond (1947), Old Cheshire Churches, London: B. T Batsford, pp. 373–376, OCLC 719918
  5. ^ "Official Website". Wybunbury Tower Trust. Retrieved 15 October 2018.
  6. ^ "Tower Information". Wybunbury Tower Trust. Retrieved 15 October 2018.
  7. ^ Wybunbury Tower, Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers, retrieved 12 August 2008
  8. ^ Thornber, Craig (5 April 2005), A Scrapbook of Cheshire Antiquities: Wybunbury, retrieved 22 October 2007