St Chad's Chapel, Tushingham

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St Chad's Chapel, Tushingham
A chapel with a pyramidal roof seen beyond gravestones in a churchyard
St Chad's Chapel, Tushingham
St Chad's Chapel, Tushingham is located in Cheshire
St Chad's Chapel, Tushingham
St Chad's Chapel, Tushingham
Location in Cheshire
Coordinates: 53°00′42″N 2°42′21″W / 53.01178°N 2.70570°W / 53.01178; -2.70570
OS grid reference SJ 526 463
Location Tushingham, Cheshire
Country England
Denomination Anglican
History
Dedication Saint Chad
Architecture
Heritage designation Grade I
Designated 1 March 1967
Architectural type Chapel
Completed 1691
Specifications
Materials Brown brick, slate roof
Administration
Parish Tushingham cum Grindley
Diocese Chester
Province York

St Chad's Chapel (often referred to as Old St Chad's) is an isolated church in the scattered community of Tushingham in the civil parish of Tushingham cum Grindley, Cheshire, England. The only approach to the chapel is on footpaths across fields from the A41 road. It is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade I listed building.[1]

History[edit]

Deeds dated 1349 refer to a chapel on this site which was a chapel of ease to St Oswald's Church, Malpas. A document dated 1621 refers to it as Chadwick Chapel, although by 1636 another document called it Chad Chapel. It was rebuilt in 1689–91 and has been little changed since. The principal financial donations for the chapel were from John Dod, a London mercer who had been born in Tushingham. The chapel is now referred to as Old Chad because its functions have been replaced by St Chad's Church built in 1863 on the A41 road.[2]

Architecture[edit]

Exterior[edit]

The chapel is built in brown brick with a grey slate roof. Its plan consists of a tower at the west end with an external staircase leading to an internal west gallery. The body of the chapel is in three bays without aisles; it is furnished as a nave and a chancel. A vestry projects south from the west bay of the nave. The tower is small with a pyramid-roof. It has a west door with a loophole above it, a plain band at the belfry floor level, paired camber-headed bell-openings and a weathercock.[1]

Interior[edit]

The roof is unusual in that the sections between the principal beams are filled with carvings making a star-like pattern. All the chapel furnishings are made from Cheshire oak. The holy table dates from the 17th century, and on each side of it are panelled family box pews. On the wall above the south pew are three marble memorials to the Vernon and Murhall families, and above the north pew is a marble memorial to the Stephens family. Above the two east windows is the royal coat of arms of George III. A low screen divides the chancel from the nave. The seating in the nave consists of plain seats and backs without any decoration. At the west end is a gallery which is reached by the external staircase.[2] The font is Jacobean in style, and the pulpit is a three-decker.[3]

External features[edit]

Adjacent to the church is a small building containing a horse-drawn hearse.[4] It is built of brown brick with a pyramidal roof of grey slates and is dated 1822. The hearse-house is a Grade II listed building.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Historic England, "St Chad's Chapel, Tushingham cum Grindley (1130605)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 13 February 2012 
  2. ^ a b Richards, Raymond (1947), Old Cheshire Churches, London: B. T. Batsford, pp. 332–334, OCLC 719918 
  3. ^ Hartwell, Clare; Hyde, Matthew; Hubbard, Edward; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2011) [1971], Cheshire, The Buildings of England, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, p. 644, ISBN 978-0-300-17043-6 
  4. ^ Bilsborough, Norman (1983), The Treasures of Cheshire, Manchester: The North West Civic Trust, pp. 90–91, ISBN 0-901347-35-3 
  5. ^ Historic England, "Hearse house in the grounds of St Chad's Chapel, Tushingham cum Grindley (1136255)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 13 February 2012