St Chad's Church, Harpswell
|St Chad's Church, Harpswell|
|Denomination||Church of England|
|Archdeaconry||Stow and Lindsey|
|Priest(s)||Revd Mark Briscoe|
The ancient church of St Chad in the village of Harpswell, about 12 miles north of the city of Lincoln, was established c.1042 and has one of the few complete Anglo-Saxon towers remaining in England.
The church had thirteenth- and fourteenth-century additions, in particular its Norman south arcade was extended in this period, and the whole church was heavily restored in 1890-91. Research indicates that the church, which stands very close to a spring (one of a number at the foot of the Jurassic limestone scarp with ritual associations) was constructed on a much older pre-Christian ritual site connected with water cults.
There are a number of historical monuments in St Chad's Church, two of the most notable are located in the south aisle and are dedicated to former priests. The largest of these is an effigy of William de Harrington dating from 1346, which shows him reposing on a pillow supported on two angels whilst dressed in cassock, hood and pileolus whilst at his feet are images of the green man.
On the north wall of the chancel is a fifteenth-century brass of John Whichcote in armour and his wife, Elizabeth Tyrwhit, in a complex butterfly headdress. One of their descendants, Thomas Whichcote, to whom there is also a memorial, was an ardent Royalist and supporter of the Act of Settlement. He introduced the arms of Queen Anne and had a notable memorial stone placed on the tower with above with an inscription commemorating the erection of a clock in 1746 in memory of the Duke of Cumberland's "victory over the rebels" at Culloden. Thomas was also father of Frances Maria Whichcote, who married Rev John Fountayne, the longest serving Dean of York.
Other notable features
A section of the churchyard is set aside for the graves of service personnel. Comprising a Service Plot of four rows, it contains the war graves of a Royal Engineers soldier, eighteen British airmen and one Canadian airman, and six non-World War graves. A former RAF base, RAF Hemswell (formerly known as Harpswell Aerodrome when it was first opened in 1918 by the Royal Flying Corps) adjoins the parish.
- St Chad's listing on Genuki website
- English Heritage Listing
- Everson, P.L., Taylor, C.C. and Dunn, C.J., Change and Continuity: Rural Settlement in North-West Lincolnshire, p46 (1991).
- This is not to be confused with a further memorial to a W. Harrington, Rector, who died in 1697.
- Burke, J., A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Commoners of Great Britain and Ireland, Vol. II (1836), pp.268-270, pub. Henry Colburn, London.
- "Fountayne, John (FNTN732J)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- CWGC Cemetery Report. Breakdown obtained from casualty record.
- Halpenny, B.B., Action Stations: 2. Wartime Military Airfields of Lincolnshire and the East Midlands, p.107, pub. Stephens (1984).
- Diocese of Lincoln website details of St Chad's