St Cleer

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Coordinates: 50°29′12″N 4°28′20″W / 50.48667°N 4.47222°W / 50.48667; -4.47222

St Cleer holy well
St Cleer
St Cleer Parish Church

St Cleer (Cornish: Ryskarasek) is a civil parish and village in east Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. The village is situated on the southeast flank of Bodmin Moor approximately two miles (3 km) north of Liskeard.[1] The population of the parish in 2001 numbered 3257.[2] This included Barcelona and Common Moor and had increased to 3,297 at the 2011 census.[3] An electoral ward also exists. The population at the 2011 census is 4,366.[4]

Parish church[edit]

St Cleer parish church, at an elevation of approximately 690 feet (210 metres), is dedicated to Saint Clarus. Its three-stage tower is 97 feet (30 metres) high and contains a ring of six bells.[2] First built in 800 but rebuilt in the 13th century, the tower suffered damage and was repaired in the 15th century. The church is a Grade I listed building, having been so designated on 21 August 1964. It is of Norman origin, with early fifteenth century additions, further substantial additions in the late fifteenth century and late nineteenth century restorations. It is constructed of granite rubble. The roofs are slated with ridge tiles, and crested ridge tiles over the nave and chancel.[5]

St Clarus was an Englishman who went to Cornwall to preach to the inhabitants in the 8th century. He founded the church of St Cleer and lived a saintly life nearby. However he rejected the advances of a local chieftainess who had fallen in love with him and when she continued to pester him he fled to France where he lived in an isolated hermitage. The enraged woman had him pursued and then murdered. The place he had lived was afterwards named Saint-Clair-sur-Epte. The saint's feast day is 4 November.[6]

Prehistoric and medieval remains[edit]

Long Tom, St Cleer Common

Trethevy Quoit is a megalithic chamber tomb, and the Doniert Stone an inscribed stone of the Anglo-Saxon period. Near the churchyard is St Cleer's holy well with a small building covering it, built of granite in the 15th century, to allow for a bowssening pool for total immersion.[7]

Arthur Langdon (1896) recorded five Cornish crosses in the parish; one called Long Tom is at St Cleer Common, another is at St Cleer's Well and a cross at Trevorgy is missing. There are also two stones at Redgate of which one is the Doniert Stone and the other is known at the Other Half Stone.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 201 Plymouth & Launceston ISBN 978-0-319-23146-3
  2. ^ a b "St Cleer". Retrieved 13 August 2016. 
  3. ^ "Parish population at 2011 census". Retrieved 9 February 2015. 
  4. ^ "Ward population 2011". Retrieved 12 February 2015. 
  5. ^ "Church of St Clarus, St Cleer". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 13 August 2016. 
  6. ^ Ellis, P. B. (1992). The Cornish Saints. Tor Mark Press. p. 7. ISBN 0-85025-337-3. 
  7. ^ David Clegg (2005). Cornwall & the Isles of Scilly: the complete guide. Troubador Publishing Ltd. p. 39. ISBN 978-1-904744-99-3. 
  8. ^ Langdon, A. G. (1896) Old Cornish Crosses. Truro: Joseph Pollard; pp. 301-02, 208-09, 228 & 377-79

External links[edit]

Media related to St Cleer at Wikimedia Commons