St Colman's Cathedral, Cobh

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

St Colman's Cathedral
Ardeaglais Naomh Chólmáin
St Colman's Cathedral, Cobh.jpg
Cathedral of St Colman
51°51′05″N 8°17′37″W / 51.8515°N 8.2936°W / 51.8515; -8.2936Coordinates: 51°51′05″N 8°17′37″W / 51.8515°N 8.2936°W / 51.8515; -8.2936
LocationCathedral Place, Cobh, P24 Y319
CountryIreland
DenominationRoman Catholic
Websitecobhcathedralparish.ie
History
DedicationColmán of Cloyne
Consecrated24 August 1919
Architecture
Architect(s)George Ashlin & Edward Pugin
StyleGothic Revival
Groundbreaking30 September 1868
Completed1919
Construction costIR£235,000
Specifications
Tower height91.4 m (300 ft)
Materialslimestone
Bells49 (four-octave carillon)
Tenor bell weight3 long tons 12 cwt 0 qr 0 lb (8,064 lb or 3.658 t)
Administration
ParishCobh Cathedral
DioceseCloyne
ProvinceCashel
Clergy
Bishop(s)William Crean

The Cathedral Church of St Colman (Irish: Ardeaglais Naomh Colmán), usually known as Cobh Cathedral, or previously Queenstown Cathedral, is a single-spire cathedral in Cobh, Ireland. It is a Roman Catholic cathedral and was completed in 1919. Built on Cathedral Place, it overlooks Cork harbour from a prominent position, and is dedicated to Colmán of Cloyne, patron saint of the Diocese of Cloyne. It serves as the cathedral church of the Diocese.

Construction began in 1868 and was not completed until over half a century later due to increases in costs and revisions of the original plans. With the steeple being 91.4 metres tall (300 ft), the cathedral is the tallest church in Ireland. It was considered to be the second-tallest, behind St John's Cathedral in Limerick which was believed to be 94 metres tall; newer measurements have shown that the St John's spire is in fact 81 metres tall and therefore only the fourth tallest church in Ireland.

History[edit]

The Diocese of Cloyne had a pre-Reformation cathedral at the site of St. Colman's monastic settlement in Cloyne.[1]

19th century[edit]

A small church, known to parishioners as the "Pro-Cathedral" had been on the site of the present cathedral since 1769.[2] On the death of Bishop Timothy Murphy in 1856, the dioceses of Cloyne and Ross were split, and Bishop William Keane decided that Cloyne should have a purpose built cathedral.[2]

In 1867, a diocesan building committee made the decision to erect a new cathedral in Cobh, then named Queenstown.[3] The committee obtained designs from three firms, Edward Welby Pugin & Geroge Ashlin, James Joseph McCarthy, and George Goldie. Goldie and McCarthy were unhappy with the conditions of the competition, which they felt to be unfair. Firstly, they felt that the cost limit of IR£25,000 may be ignored by the committee, and they also believed that Pugin and Ashlin had powerful family connections to the selection committee: the bishop was a family friend of Ashlin's, and the assistant to the building committee's administrator was his brother.[3] As a result, Pugin & Ashlin were the only firm which accepted the conditions of the competition, and were awarded the commission.[3] The clerk of works was Charles Guilfoyle Doran[4], who supervised the project until his death in 1909.[citation needed]

In 1867, parishioners collectively gave £10,000 towards the construction of the cathedral, and Puglin & Ashlin's draft plans were accepted in December that same year.[4] Due to the need to level a 24 foot fall between the north and south walks, the foundations of the cathedral were costly, amounting to a total cost of £5,000.[4]After construction of a temporary church on Bishop Street in February 1868, the old parish church was demolished.[5] Excavation of the site began in 1868, and though the cornerstone was laid on 30 September that same year, the main contract was not let until April 1869.[6][5][4] The total cost of the contract was given as £33,000.[4]

After construction had begun, and the walls had reached a height of 3.5m, Bishop Keane, unsatisfied with the proposed cathedral, advised that he preferred a more elaborate design.[5][4] Consequently, with the exception of the ground plan, none of the original plans were followed.[citation needed] Pugin & Ashlin adjusted their plans, and added flying buttresses, traceried parapets, arcading, niches, and more.[4] These extra works increased by many thousands of cubic feet of stone the quantity already provided for and substantially increased the cost. The builder, Michael Meade, refused to renegotiate the contract and withdrew form the site.[4] After a brief period of inactivity on the site, work resumed on the site.[4]When Pugin died in 1875, Ashlin took on the services of a Dublin architect, Thomas Aloysius Coleman, to assist him in the completion of the project.[citation needed] By 1879, work had progressed sufficiently to enable the congregation to gather in the cathedral, and mass was celebrated by Bishop John McCarthy, Bishop Keane's successor, for the first time on 15 June.[4]Works continued until 1883, at which point the builders had run out of money, at construction ceased for six years.

Construction restarted under Bishop McCarthy in 1889. The west front was finished the following year, by which point construction had already cost £100,000.[4]

Work on the interior began in 1893, and included cladding the walls with Bath and Portland stone, and sheeting the roof with vaults of pitch pine.[4][5]

20th century[edit]

The spire was erected between 1911-1915, and rises to a height of 300 feet.[4]

The building was completed in 1919 for a total cost of £235,000, far exceeding the original limit, and making it the most expensive single building constructed in Ireland at the time.[3]

The cathedral was consecrated on 24 August 1919 by the Right Reverend Robert Browne, Bishop of Cloyne, in the presence of three of Ireland's archbishops Michael Logue, John Harty and Thomas Gilmartin.[7][8]

Architecture[edit]

The cathedral measure 64 metres long, 36.5 metres wide, and at the highest point of the spire is 93.3 metres high.[5]

The architectural style is Gothic Revival, modelled in particular in an elaborate French Gothic style.[5] It is primarily constructed of blue Dalkey granite with Mallow limestone dressings.[4][5] The foundation is built of a large bed of sandstone, quarried at Carrigmore and Castle Oliver.[5] The roof is made of Belgian blue slate.[5]

Exterior[edit]

Both the west front and the transepts hold rose windows set in high pointed arches which are flanked by octagonal turrets.[5] Pillars on the west front are constructed from red Aberdeen granite.[5]

The octagonal spire measures 90 metres, and is topped with a 3.3 metre bronze cross, which was blessed by Bishop Browne.[5] The tower is made of Newry granite.[5] The tower houses 47 bells, 42 of which were hung in 1916, and a further five in 1958.[5] The total combined weight of the bells equal 17 tons.[5]

Interior[edit]

An interior view of the cathedral

The cathedral hosts an aisled nave of seven bays with triforium and clerestory, transepts with eastern chapels, an apsidal chancel, and a tower and spire at the south-west corner of the nave.[5] Red Middleton marble is used in both the shrines and the first confessionals of both aisles; the other confessionals are of red Aberdeen granite.[5]

Carillon[edit]

The tower contains Ireland's only carillon, which with 49 bells is the largest in the British Isles. It contains Ireland's largest bell, named St Colman, which weighs 3.6 tons.[9] Originally installed in 1916, the carillon was restored in 1998.[10]

An automated system strikes the hour and 15-minute intervals while it also rings the bells in appropriate form for Masses, funerals, weddings and events. The carillon is also played on special occasions and generally every Sunday afternoon by its current carillonneur Adrian Gebruers.[11][12]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ "St Colman's Cathedral". Cloyne Diocese. Retrieved 17 May 2020.
  2. ^ a b Galloway 1992, p. 54.
  3. ^ a b c d O'Dwyer 1989, p. 60.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n O'Dwyer 1989, p. 61.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Galloway 1992, p. 55.
  6. ^ Irish Architectural Archive (ed.). "Co. Cork, Cobh, Cathedral of St Colman (RC)". Dictionary of Irish Architects 1720 – 1940. Retrieved 24 January 2019. Excavations begun Summer 1868. FS laid by Bishop William Keane, 15 Jul 1868{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  7. ^ "Saint Colman's Cathedral". Freeman's Journal. Dublin. 25 August 1919. p. 5, col. 4.
  8. ^ "Queenstown Cathedral". Skibbereen Eagle. Skibbereen. 30 August 1919. p. 2, col. 2.
  9. ^ "Welcome – St.Colman's Carillon website". Retrieved 25 October 2021.
  10. ^ "instrument – Welcome". Retrieved 25 October 2021.
  11. ^ "Adrian Gebruers, Carillonneur of St Colman's Cathedral Carillon. – Welcome".
  12. ^ "Carillons Cork forum rings in the old".

Sources[edit]

  • Galloway, Peter (1992). "Cobh: The Cathedral Church of St Colman". The Cathedrals of Ireland. Belfast: The Institute of Irish Studies: The Queen's University Belfast. pp. 54–56. ISBN 0-85389-452-3.
  • O'Dwyer, Frederick (1989). "Irish Church Architecture 1839-1989". In Graby, John (ed.). 150 Years of Architecture in Ireland. Dublin: RIAI; Eblana Editions. pp. 60–61. ISBN 0-9504628-3-7.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Patrick Thompson, Guide to St. Colman's Cathedral, Cobh, revised edition, Carraig Print, Cork.
  • Jeremy Williams, A Companion Guide to Architecture in Ireland 1837-1921, Irish Academic Press' 1994.
  • Paul Atterbury and Clive Wainwright, Pugin, Yale University Press 1994.
  • Paul Atterbury, A.W.N. Pugin: A Master of Gothic Revival, Yale University Press 1995
  • Bernard J. Canning, Bishops of Ireland 1870-1987, Donegal Democrat, 1987