St Cuthbert's Society, Durham
|St Cuthbert's Society|
|University||University of Durham|
|Motto||Gratia gratiam parit|
|Motto in English||Friendship begets friendship|
|Established||25 October 1888|
|Named for||Cuthbert of Lindisfarne|
|Vice Principal||Sharon Richardson|
St Cuthbert's Society, colloquially known as Cuths, is a college of Durham University. It was founded in 1888 for students who were not attached to the existing colleges. St Cuthbert's Society is a Bailey college, based on Durham's peninsula next to the River Wear, although it also has other accommodation elsewhere within the city.
St Cuthbert's retains its title of 'society', although its workings have changed since its formation. Its foundation differed from that of Durham's other colleges in that it was established as a common room for, and by, its students. Other Societies followed: St Aidan's Society – now St Aidan's College, and the Graduate Society – now Ustinov College. It is still home to the highest proportion of local students of those at Durham-based colleges (although not if the two Stockton-based colleges are included), and also traditionally houses a high proportion of mature students. It is the only collegiate body to offer undergraduates catered, self-catered, and part catered accommodation.
At its formation, the Society consisted largely of mature students, was non-residential and run by the students themselves. It elected a President and an Executive Committee to organise social events, sports teams and other clubs, manage the common room and other facilities largely (but not exclusively) provided by the University, and represent members' concerns to the academic authorities. The University appointed a Junior Proctor and later a Censor who was employed by the University to oversee the Society's members. Among the early Censors, Frank Byron Jevons and Percy John Heawood were both scholars of considerable note.
The Society grew in size until the Second World War when numbers of students in the University dropped sharply and the Society was effectively in abeyance until 'refounded' in 1945 by veterans returning from combat who wished to complete their degrees. When the Society moved to the South Bailey in 1951, it began to offer accommodation to a small number of students and created the position of Principal to replace that of Censor. The first Principal, Clifford Leech, a distinguished academic and widely acknowledged expert on Jacobean literature, served for several years in this role before going on to become Professor of English at the University of Toronto. His portrait, by Thomas William Pattison (1894–1983), hangs in the college hall. The Principal is now responsible for managing all aspects of the Society. The Society includes a dedicated team of University staff, a junior common room, a senior room, an alumni association and a group of fellows.
Over the years the Society has expanded a great deal and now has a large body of accommodation on the Bailey as well as elsewhere in Durham. In 2006 'Brooks House' was built and this allowed all first year students to live-in for the first time, as well as a number of returners and postgraduate students.
The patron of the Society, St. Cuthbert, continues to be remembered annually, if somewhat incongruously for an ascetic, in The Feast, a traditional banquet held on or near St. Cuthbert's feast day of 20 March each year.
Another annual event is Cuths Day, a day of entertainment conducted on, off and in the River Wear, which curls around the foot of the bailey where the Society is based.
The surviving ‘Refounders’ of the Society hold a reunion weekend every September in college. The same weekend also hosts the Annual General Meeting of St Cuthbert's Association, the alumni organisation of the Society. In addition to this, the Founders of the Society are remembered at the annual Founders' Formal and past Presidents attend the President's Formal.
Although the Bailey colleges are generally considered to be more traditional, St Cuthbert's Society generally employs a more informal approach; for example, unlike the other Bailey colleges its students no longer wear gowns except for congregation.
Coat of arms
The original seventh-century pectoral cross of St. Cuthbert was discovered when his grave was opened in 1827, and is now preserved in the cathedral treasury. The motto, gratia gratiam parit, appears in the Adagia of Erasmus, a collection of Greek and Latin adages, and can be loosely translated as ‘friendship begets friendship’ or ‘kindness begets kindness’. The full coat of arms includes an eider duck as the crest. This is because, while resident in the Farne Islands, St Cuthbert instituted special laws to protect these and other seabirds nesting there, creating what may have been the first bird protection laws anywhere in the world. Consequently, eider ducks have long been known as 'cuddy ducks' (Cuthbert's ducks) in the Pitmatic dialect as spoken in Northumberland.
The headquarters of St Cuthbert's Society is situated in South Bailey and it is therefore a Bailey college, but the Society has accommodation elsewhere in Durham, at Parsons Field. This accommodation consists of four buildings, with one (Brooks House) including en-suite facilities, and the others (Refounders House, Parsons Field Court and Fonteyn Court) consisting of standard single rooms. Returning students typically live in Brooks House, with other buildings at Parsons Field being primarily for first year undergraduates.
By having catered, part catered and self-catered accommodation, St Cuthbert's Society offers a choice of meal packages to students.
Other facilities include a library, two common rooms, two bars, two gyms, two computer rooms, a conference room, and a music room.
The Society has a number of sports teams, including a rugby team and a boat club. It also has a photography society, a theatre company, a big band and a choir.
List of principals
- Clifford Leech (1948–52)
- E. de Groot, (1952–54)
- W. A. Whitehouse, (1954–61)
- J. J. Grant, (1961–63)
- J. L. Brooks, (1963–85)
- J. D. Norton, (1985–90)
- S. Stoker, (1990–2000)
- B. Robertson, (2000–01)
- D. Robson, (2001–03)
- Roy Boyne (2003–08)
- Graham Towl (2008–11)
- Sharon Richardson (2011–12)
- Elizabeth Archibald (2012–present)
Russell Ash, British writer
Justin Hill, award-winning British novelist
Michael Knighton, English businessman
- Michael Aris, leading Western author on Bhutanese, Tibetan and Himalayan culture and Buddhism. Husband of Burmese politician Aung San Suu Kyi.
- Leo Blair, barrister, law lecturer and father of former UK Prime Minister, Tony Blair
- John Joseph Wilkes FSA, FBA, Yates Professor of Greek and Roman Archaeology, University College, London
Arts and Literature
- Russell Ash, Author
- Andrew Buchan, Actor
- Rod Clements, Musician in folk-rock band Lindisfarne
- Justin Hill, Author
- Anthony Payne, Composer and Elgar specialist
- Charlotte Riley, Actress
- Dan van der Vat, Journalist, Author
- Ed Gamble, Comedian
- Alastair Fothergill, TV Producer for Blue Planet series
- Nina Hossain, Broadcast Journalist
- Kate Silverton, Broadcast Journalist
Commerce and Industry
- Norman Askew, Chairman of Taylor Woodrow, Chief Executive, British Nuclear Fuels
- Nick Scheele, President and Chief Operating Officer, Ford Motor Company
- Oswald O'Brien, Labour MP for Darlington
- John Pugh, Liberal Democrat MP for Southport
- Peter Wilkinson, Attorney-General of New Zealand
- Michael Knighton, Chairman of Carlisle United F.C.
- Oliver Gill, footballer for Manchester United Football Club – Reserve Team Player of the Year 2011
- St Cuthbert's Society JCR
- History of St Cuthbert's Society
- Tudor, Henry, St. Cuthbert's Society, 1888–1988: The history of 'a modest but exciting institution in the University of Durham'. 1988.
- "Undergraduate Students by Domicile – Full-Time, Table 4.4 a" (PDF). Durham University. 2010–2011. Retrieved 1 June 2017.
- "St Cuthbert's Society : Catering – Durham University".
- Tudor, Henry, St. Cuthbert's Society, 1888–1988. 1988. Chap. 1. Origins and Early Years, p. 12.
- Tudor, Henry, St. Cuthbert's Society, 1888–1988. 1988. Chap. 1. Origins and Early Years, p. 11.
- Tudor, Henry, St. Cuthbert's Society, 1888–1988. 1988. Chap. 1. Origins and Early Years, p. 11-26.
- "Durham Student Slang Dictionary". Durham Uni Students.
- St Cuthbert's Society. St Cuthbert's Society JCR: Freshers' Handbook 09-10.
- Tudor, Henry, St. Cuthbert's Society, 1888–1988 : the history of 'a modest but exciting institution in the University of Durham'.
- University of Durham Statutes – Colleges and Societies.