The area takes its name from the parish church of St Ebbe's, dedicated to Saint Æbbe the Elder. The name was first recorded in about 1005, when the church and other nearby property was granted to Eynsham Abbey. The parish extended to the River Thames. By 1279 the area was known for property inhabited by the poorer townsfolk, and remained so until the middle of the 20th century.
In 1818 gas works were built on the north bank of the River Thames in St Ebbes, to supply the city of Oxford with gas. St Ebbes expanded significantly in the 19th century, and by 1882 there was no room to expand the gas works, and new gasholders had to be built on the south bank of the river. A railway bridge (the Gasworks Bridge) was built across the river to connect the gas works to the Great Western Railway line. The gas works were closed in 1960.
The area was redeveloped between the 1950s and the 1980s. A new main road, Thames Street, was built through the area in 1968. Between 1970 and 1972 the Westgate Shopping Centre was built in St Ebbes, and much of the rest of the area became car parks. Only a few residential properties remain to the north of Thames Street. There is a small housing estate between Thames Street and the river, known as St Ebbes by the River.
St Ebbe's Church of England parish church in Pennyfarthing Place, on the corner with St Ebbes Street is now a conservative evangelical congregation. St Ebbe's Church of England Primary School is south of the river, outside St Ebbe's parish.
- Victoria County History of Oxfordshire: Medieval Oxford
- Old Oxford: St Ebbe's: The Gasworks
- Curl, 1977, pages 107–132
- Sherwood & Pevsner, 1974, page 328
Sources and further reading
- Eleanor Chance, Christina Colvin, Janet Cooper, C.J. Day, T.G. Hassall, Nesta Selwyn (1979). Crossley, Alan; Elrington, C.R. (eds.). Victoria County History: A History of the County of Oxford, Volume 4.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
- Curl, James Stevens (1977). The Erosion of Oxford. Oxford Illustrated Press Ltd. pp. 107–132. ISBN 0-902280-40-6.
- Hibbert, C (ed.). Encyclopaedia of Oxford. London: Macmillan Publishers. ISBN 0-333-39917-X.
- Sherwood, Jennifer; Pevsner, Nikolaus (1974). The Buildings of England: Oxfordshire. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. pp. 292, 326–329. ISBN 0-14-071045-0.