St Enodoc's Church, Trebetherick
|St Enodoc Church, Trebetherick|
St Enodoc Church
|Location||Trebetherick, Cornwall, United Kingdom|
|District||Diocese of Truro|
|Ecclesiastical or organizational status||Chapel|
|Architect(s)||J. P. St Aubyn (minor restoration)|
|Architectural style||[Old English]|
|Completed||restored in 1864|
|Materials||Stone rubble with slate roofs|
St. Enodoc Church, Trebetherick (Old Cornish: Gwenedek, St. Guenedoc) is a chapel in the parish of St Minver. It is located to the south of the village of Trebetherick, Cornwall, England, United Kingdom (grid reference ). It is a Grade I listed building.
The church is situated in sand dunes east of Daymer Bay and Brea Hill on the River Camel estuary. Wind-driven sand has formed banks that are almost level with the roof on two sides. From the 16th century to the middle of the 19th century, the church was virtually buried by the dunes and was known locally as "Sinking Neddy" or "Sinkininny Church". To maintain the tithes required by the church, it had to host services at least once a year, so the vicar and parishioners descended into the sanctuary through a hole in the roof. By 1864 it was unearthed and the dunes were stabilized. The church is surrounded by the Church course of the St Enodoc Golf Club.
The church is said to lie on the site of a cave where Enodoc lived as a hermit. The oldest fabric in the church dates from around the 12th century. Additions were made in the 13th and 15th centuries. By the 18th century the church was partly submerged in sand. During the 19th century the sand was removed and the church was cleaned and restored under the direction of the vicar of St Minver, Rev. W. Hart Smith. The architectural restoration was carried out in 1863–64 by J. P. St Aubyn.
The church is built in stone rubble with slate roofs. Its plan consists of a nave and chancel, a three-bay aisle to the south of the chancel, a north transept leading to the tower, which unusually is to the north of the church, and a south porch. The tower is in two stages and is surmounted by a low broach spire. On all four faces are small trefoil-headed belfry openings.
Fittings and furniture
The furnishings were largely replaced in 1863–64 although the base of a rood screen dating from around the 15th century has survived. The granite font dates from the 12th century. It has a lead lined round bowl which stands on a shaft carved with cable moulding on a round base. A memorial stone to John Mably who died in 1687 is in the south porch. Inside the church on the south wall is a memorial to Ernest Edward Betjeman, the father of Sir John Betjeman, who died in 1984. There is a memorial to the three crew lost on the brig Maria Asumpta, which was wrecked on The Rumps in 1995.
In the churchyard are two headstones and three tomb chests which are listed Grade II. Also in the churchyard is the grave of the former poet laureate John Betjeman. Interred there also are the ashes of Fleur Lombard, the first female firefighter to die on duty in peacetime Britain.
About 0.6 miles (0.97 km) to the south of the church is Jesus Well. This is a holy well over which is a stone rubble wellhouse which was rebuilt probably in the 19th century and restored in the 20th century. The wellhouse is a Grade II listed building. Also in the churchyard is a Cornish cross which consists of a head and upper part of the shaft. These were found built into the churchyard wall in 1863.
John Betjeman referred to the church in his poem Sunday Afternoon Service at St. Enodoc. The church is also featured prominently in Justin Cartwright's novel The Promise of Happiness (2004), partly set in Trebetherick.
- Images of England: Chapelry of St. Minver dedicated to St. Enodoc or St. Guinedoc., English Heritage, retrieved 2008-01-19
- Sackett, Eliza (ed.) (2006), British Churches, London: Bounty Books, p. 11, ISBN 0-7537-1442-6
- The Church Course, St Enodoc Golf Club, retrieved 2008-01-20
- St Enodoc Church, Cornwall, Cornwall Calling, retrieved 2008-01-20
- "Maria Asumpta Memorial". Maritime Misc. Retrieved 25 January 2011.
- Images of England: Headstone of John Edvvean, Historic England, retrieved 2008-01-20
- Images of England: Headstone of John Mably, Historic England, retrieved 2008-01-20
- Images of England: Tombchest of Simon Wilcox, Historic England, retrieved 2008-01-20
- Images of England: Two tombchests of Richard Rounsevall and Mary Ken, Historic England, retrieved 2008-01-20
- Fleur Lombard (1974–1996), The Changing Face of Bristol England & its People, retrieved 2008-01-20
- Images of England: Jesus Well, Historic England, retrieved 2008-01-20
- Jesus Well, The Megalithic Portal, retrieved 2008-01-20
- Langdon, A. G. (1896) Old Cornish Crosses. Truro: Joseph Pollard; pp. 75-76
- Thor, Brad (2009). The Last Patriot (1st Pocket Books pbk. ed.). New York: Pocket Books. p. 210. ISBN 1416543848.
- Adam Nicolson and Nick Meers, Panoramas of England, 1997, London: Orion (p. 57)
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