St Helens North (UK Parliament constituency)
|St. Helens North|
for the House of Commons
Boundary of St. Helens North in Merseyside.
Location of Merseyside within England.
|Electorate||75,688 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||St Helens, Billinge, Earlestown, Haydock, Newton-le-Willows and Rainford|
|Member of parliament||Conor McGinn (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||St Helens, Newton, Ince, Ormskirk and Huyton|
|European Parliament constituency||North West England|
St. Helens North is a constituency[n 1] created in 1983 represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2015 by the Labour Party's Conor McGinn. Between 1997 and 2015 the MP was Labour's David Watts.[n 2]
1983-2010: The Metropolitan Borough of St Helens wards of Billinge and Seneley Green, Blackbrook, Broad Oak, Haydock, Moss Bank, Newton East, Newton West, Rainford, and Windle.
2010-present: As above, less Broad Oak, plus Earlestown; Newton replaced Newton East and West wards.
The constituency is one of two covering the Metropolitan Borough, the other being St Helens South and Whiston. It includes the north of the town of St Helens, and Billinge, Seneley Green, Earlestown, Blackbrook, Haydock, Newton-le-Willows and Rainford.
- Results of the winning party
The 2015 result made the seat the 42nd-safest of Labour's 232 seats by percentage of majority. The constituency was created in 1983, primarily replacing parts of the St Helens and Newton constituencies. It has been won to date by candidates fielded by the Labour Party — by the former Newton MP John Evans and from 1997 by David Watts, a former council leader. As to the predominantly-contributing two seats to the present division, St Helens has been won by the party since 1935 and so too Newton. The party's two successive candidates for MP have won an absolute majority (plurality) of the votes since 1987 (inclusive).
- Opposition parties
The Conservative Party fielded the runner-up candidate in 2010 and 2015. Neither the Liberal Democrats nor the Green candidate won 5% of the vote in 2015 to retain their deposits. The third place in 2015 was taken by the UKIP candidate, Smith, who narrowly gained more than the national average swing through a swing of 10.4%.[n 3]
Turnout has ranged from 77.4% in 1992 to 52.7% in 2001.
The seat includes the large town of St Helens noted by visitors for Rugby League, Football and the nearby horseracing racecourse at Haydock Park. Despite these prominent sports venues, workless claimants, registered jobseekers, were in November 2012 higher than the national average of 3.8%, at 4.7% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian, which was close to the Greater Manchester and Merseyside average but higher than the regional average of 4.4%. With the exception of the Conservative area of Rainford, virtually every other ward in the seat is safely Labour.
Members of Parliament
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrat||Denise Aspinall||2,046||4.4||−15.8|
|Conservative||Paul V. Greenall||9,940||22.3||+3.4|
|Liberal Democrat||John L. Beirne||8,992||20.2||−1.1|
|Socialist Labour||Stephen Whatham||483||1.0||N/A|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrat||John L. Beirne||8,367||21.3||+3.7|
|Conservative||Paul J. Oakley||7,410||18.9||+0.1|
|Liberal Democrat||John L. Beirne||6,609||17.6||+4.8|
|Socialist Labour||Stephen Whatham||939||2.5||+0.8|
Elections in the 1990s
|Conservative||Pelham J.C. Walker||8,536||17.3||−11.2|
|Liberal Democrat||John L. Beirne||6,270||12.7||−0.4|
|Socialist Labour||Ron Waugh||833||1.7||N/A|
|UKIP||Richard D. Rubin||363||0.7||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat||John L. Beirne||7,224||13.1||−6.0|
|Natural Law||Anne Lynch||287||0.5||N/A|
Elections in the 1980s
|Labour win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "'St Helens North', June 1983 up to May 1997". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Retrieved 14 March 2016.
- List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "S" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "St Helens North". BBC News. Retrieved 10 May 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.