St Helier, London

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
St Helier
Shops, Green Lane, St Helier - geograph.org.uk - 1429074.jpg
Shops at Green Lane, St Helier
St Helier is located in Greater London
St Helier
St Helier
St Helier shown within Greater London
Population 11,949 (2011 Census Sutton Ward)[1]
10,414 (2011 Census. Merton Ward)[2]
OS grid reference TQ265664
London borough
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town MORDEN
Postcode district SM4
Post town CARSHALTON
Postcode district SM5
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament
London Assembly
List of places
UK
England
LondonCoordinates: 51°22′57″N 0°11′01″W / 51.38256°N 0.18361°W / 51.38256; -0.18361

St. Helier (/səntˈhɛliər/[3]) is a residential cottage estate in the London boroughs of Merton and Sutton. The portion of the estate north of Green Lane and Bishopsford Road is in Merton, the rest is in Sutton.

History[edit]

LCC Cottage estates 1918-1939
Estate name Area No of dwellings Population 1938 Population density
Pre 1914
Norbury 11 218 867 19.8 per acre (49/ha)
Old Oak 32 736 3519 23 per acre (57/ha)
Totterdown Fields 39 1262 - 32.4 per acre (80/ha)
White Hart Lane
Tower Gardens
98 783 5936 8 per acre (20/ha)
1919-1923
Becontree 2770 25769[a] 115652 9.3 per acre (23/ha)
Bellingham 252 2673 12004 10.6 per acre (26/ha)
Castelnau 51 644 2851 12.6 per acre (31/ha)
Roehampton Estate
Dover House Road Estate
147 1212 5383 8.2 per acre (20/ha)
1924-1933
Downham 600 7096 30032 11.8 per acre (29/ha)
Mottingham 202 2337 9009 11.6 per acre (29/ha)
St Helier 825 9068 39877 11 per acre (27/ha)
Watling 386 4034 19110 10.5 per acre (26/ha)
Wormholt 68 783 4078 11.5 per acre (28/ha)
1934-1939
Chingford[b] 217 1540 - 7.1 per acre (18/ha)
Hanwell (Ealing) 140 1587 6732 11.3 per acre (28/ha)
Headstone Lane 142 n.a 5000
Kenmore Park 58 654 2078 11.3 per acre (28/ha)
Thornhill
(Royal Borough of Greenwich)
21 380 1598 18.1 per acre (45/ha)
Whitefoot Lane (Downham) 49 n.a n.a.
Source: Yelling,1995
Rubinstein, 1991, Just like the country.
  1. ^ Source says 2589- transcription error
  2. ^ Part of a larger PRC estate around Huntsman Road


The site of the St. Helier estate has been connected to long-term charity since the early 17th century. Henry Smith (d. 1627) was a wealthy citizen and salter of London who gave much money to parishes in London and Surrey during his lifetime and in his will. He is buried in Wandsworth parish church and is supposed to have been born in Wandsworth. In 1617 he gave £500 towards the purchase of land in Carshalton, the rent of which was to support the poor of Wandsworth. Another £100 bequest came from Mrs. Elizabeth Blackwell. In 1814 the lands were described as being just over 116 acres and having a building, barn and outhouses. The Wandsworth Poor Lands lay on either side of Wrythe Lane at the southernmost part of the St. Helier estate footprint. Another local benefactor was Christopher Muschamp, who died in 1660 and is buried at All Saints, Carshalton. He bequeathed £200 to buy land, the yearly rental of which was to purchase apprenticeships for two poor children who had been born in the parish. Pasture land was bought from Henry Byne in Cannon Sheephouse Lane, which is now known as Green Wrythe Lane.[4] Like the adjoining Sutton Common, most of the area remained semi-rural until the early 20th century.

The estate was built between 1928 and 1936 by the London County Council for the re-housing of people from decaying inner London areas. Landscaping on the large-scale town planning scheme was by landscape architect Edward Prentice Mawson.

Its development was spurred by the opening of Morden Underground station in 1926, and the Wimbledon to Sutton railway line in 1930, with a station at St Helier. These services provided rapid links into central London for the residents.

The art deco entrance of St Helier Hospital floodlit at night

The estate was named in honour of Lady St. Helier, who was an LCC Alderman from 1910 to 1927. It was the second largest (after the Becontree-Dagenham estate) of a series of 'out-county' cottage estates and was based on the Garden City ideas of Ebenezer Howard. The area had previously consisted largely of lavender fields, the last remnants of the famous Mitcham lavender industry.

In remembrance of the area's historic ownership by Westminster Abbey, the roads are named in alphabetical order after Monasteries and Abbeys starting in the north-west with Aberconway Road and ending with Woburn Road in the south-east.

The imposing St. Helier Hospital was opened in 1938. John Major, UK Prime Minister from 1990 to 1997, was born there.

The estate's Bishop Andrewes Church, in Wigmore Road, was designed by the architect Geddes Hyslop in 1933.[5]

Today[edit]

Today ownership of housing on the estate is split between private and local authority, with many people taking advantage of the right to buy scheme since the 1970s. The hospital still exerts an imposing presence on the estate, both economically and physically. Most of the buildings are original and many are still being used for their original purposes. There has been a little amount of infilling around the outskirts, and the estate now merges into the suburbs of Sutton, Carshalton and Morden.

The area is served by London Bus routes 80, 151, 154, 157, 164, 280, S1, S4, N44 and St Helier railway station.

Nearest places[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sutton Ward population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 9 October 2016. 
  2. ^ "Merton Ward population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 11 October 2016. 
  3. ^ "Saint Helier". Collins Dictionary. n.d. Retrieved 23 September 2014. 
  4. ^ Bailey, Cheryl (13 April 2011). "Muschamp Charity and Wandsworth Poor Lands: Supporting the poor by land rental". St. Helier Memories. Retrieved 27 December 2016. 
  5. ^ (Nikolaus Pevsner), Surrey ("Buildings of England") revised by Ian Nairn and Bridget Cherry), 1971:446

External links[edit]