- For the Welsh saint, see Saint Illtyd.
St Illtyd is a hamlet near Aberbeeg, in southeast Wales, within the historic boundaries of Monmouthshire. It is situated on the mountain road between Pontypool and Abertillery in Blaenau Gwent. It rests at about 1200 feet above sea level. The Royal Mail postcode is NP13 2AY.
In and around the hamlet there can be found cottages, farms, former farms, a public house, a former public house, a huge former open cast site, former levels, a canyon left by an opencast or strip mining and a television transmitter.
It is most notable however for St Illtyd's Church, a 13th-century building generally believed to have been built by Cistercian monks from Llantarnam on the site of a previous church which historians have tended to date as dating from 863 AD or thereabouts. The present dedication to St Illtyd is not however the original one, for it was not until around 1754 that this saint's name was given as the name of the church. The 9th century "Englynion y Beddau" (Stanzas of the Graves) collected among the texts now known as the Black Book of Carmarthen (recorded 12th-13th centuries) refer to "Llan Heledd" or "Llan Helet", (Heledd being a sixth to seventh princess of Powys and a "local canonisation". The historian T. D. Breverton records that during the 16th and 17th centuries the parish of Llanhilleth bore the name Llanheledd Forwyn (Church of Heledd the Virgin), and this dedication has survived today in the place-name, having reached its present form via Llan Helet, Llanheledd, Llanhiledd and Llanhylithe down the years, although Llaniddel is given by Archdeacon Coxe in 1701 as the name of the parish and there are references to the church as being dedicated to "St Ithel" until around 1800. Until 1911 it was the parish church of Llanhilleth, now in the Diocese of Monmouth, and it remained in intermittent use as a place of worship until 1975. The following list of incumbents is given in various places.
1560 - The Reverend John Williams. 1612 - The Reverend David Pritchard. 1617 - The Reverend William Price. 1660 - The Reverend Lewis James. c.1700 - The Reverend Walter Evans. 1742 - The Reverend Richard Edwards. 1768 - The Reverend Abednego Pritchard. 1771 - The Reverend David Jones. 1818 - The Reverend Thomas Jones. 1840 - The Reverend William Evans. 1843 - The Reverend James Hughes. 1895 - The Reverend Daniel Felix. 1930 - The Reverend Canon Thomas Madog Williams - obit 1956. 1957 - The Reverend John MacLaren Price (largely nominal after 1962) 1968 - The Reverend Lewis David Pritchard (officiated only intermittently at St Illtyd) 1982 - The Reverend Albert James Way (nominal only, 1982–84).
The church was abandoned after 1975, although the circular churchyard, which is now closed for burials remains in the care of the Church in Wales. The building was de-consecrated in 1985 in an advanced state of decay, but was renovated as an historic monument in 1990. Today the Friends of St Illtyd  help Blaenau Gwent County Borough Council  look after the church building.
John Wesley visited St Illtyd twice to speak at the preaching cross which is now in the graveyard.
- St Illtyd's Church, a History, published by the Friends of St Illtyd's
- Register of Services, St Illtyd's Church, Llanhilleth 1950-75. Held by Gwent Archives