St Ives (UK Parliament constituency)

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St. Ives
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of St. Ives in Cornwall.
Outline map
Location of Cornwall within England.
County Cornwall
Electorate 66,696 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements St Ives
Current constituency
Created 1885
Member of parliament Derek Thomas (Conservative)
Number of members One
Created from Helston, St Ives and West Cornwall
1558–1885
Number of members 1558–1832: Two
1832–1885: One
Type of constituency Borough constituency
Replaced by St Ives, Penzance and Helston
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency South West England
Sketchmap of 2010 parliamentary constituencies in Cornwall - click to enlarge

St. Ives is a parliamentary constituency in west Cornwall; it includes the Isles of Scilly [n 1]. The constituency has been represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2015 by Derek Thomas, a Conservative MP.[n 2]

History[edit]

St Ives has elected MPs to every Parliament since 1558, except for a brief period during the Protectorate. It was originally a mere parliamentary borough that returned two MPs until the Great Reform Act of 1832, when its representation was cut to a single member. In 1885 the borough was abolished, but the St Ives name was transferred to the surrounding county constituency.

St Ives borough[edit]

The borough established under Queen Mary consisted of the parish of St Ives in western Cornwall, a seaport and market town in which the main economic interests were fishing and the export of ores mined nearby. In 1831, the population of the borough was 4,776, and contained 1,002 houses.

The franchise was initially restricted to the town corporation, but after a judgment in a disputed election in 1702 the right to vote was given to all inhabitants paying scot and lot; in the early 19th century this amounted to a little over 300 voters. This was a wide franchise for the period, and its reasonable size meant that St Ives was one of the few Cornish boroughs that could claim not to be rotten.

Elections were usually contested and although local wealthiest families were able to exercise considerable influence on the outcome, none was entirely predominant; the result could rarely be taken for granted and it was necessary to court the voters assiduously. From the 17th century, three vied for control - the Hobart family,[n 3] the Praeds (at the time of Treventhoe manor), and the Dukes of Bolton[n 4] - and by the mid 18th century the Stephens family had considerable sway. In 1751, however, John Stephens, who had previously allied himself with the Earl of Buckinghamshire and managed the borough's elections on the Earl's behalf, "struck out on his own account" (for his own interests) and secured the election of his son. Later in the decade Stephens and the Earl once more began to work together, but were unable to prevent Humphrey Mackworth Praed from establishing sufficient influence to sway one of the two seats.

But by 1761 the alliances had shifted again, Buckinghamshire and Praed on one side nominating candidates against Stephens and the Duke of Bolton on the other. The by-election in 1763, when Buckinghamshire's brother-in-law Charles Hotham was re-elected after being appointed to a position in the Royal Household, cost the Earl £1,175 even though his candidate was eventually returned unopposed - the expenditure included payments of 7 guineas to each of 124 people.[n 5]

There was a further bitterly contested election in 1774: allegations of bribery were investigated by a House of Commons committee, whose proceedings are recounted at length by the contemporary historian of electoral abuses, Thomas Oldfield.[n 6] Samuel Stephens, defeated by 7 votes, accused William Praed and Adam Drummond (the Duke of Bolton's candidate) of benefiting from several types of corruption. Humphrey Mackworth Praed, William's father, was said to have lent large sums to voters on the understanding that repayment would not be demanded if they voted for Praed and Drummond; but counsel for Praed and Drummond adduced evidence that Stephens had also resorted to bribery. However, it was alleged that many of Stephens' supporters had been prevented from voting, by rating them as not liable for scot and lot and so not eligible to vote; this was a frequent abuse in such boroughs. His side, as petitioners, failed to bring any evidence of criminal misconduct by the parish overseers so the committee decided they had no jurisdiction to interfere. In the end, the committee upheld Drummond's election but declared that neither Stephens nor Praed had been properly elected, and a writ was issued for a by-election to fill the second seat.

The cost of electioneering in St Ives seems eventually to have led to Buckinghamshire and Bolton withdrawing, and by 1784 Praed was considered unchallenged as patron. Nevertheless, Stephens' influence was not extinguished, and it was recorded that the patrons at the time of the Reform Act were Samuel Stephens of Tregarron and Sir Christopher Hawkins of Trewithan (who had purchased the manor of Mr Praed).

The Reform Act extended the boundaries of the constituency, bringing in the neighbouring parishes of Lelant and Towednack; nevertheless, the borough lost one of its two seats. There were 584 qualified voters at the first reformed election, that of 1832.

Even with a further extension of the franchise in 1868, the electorate never passed 1,500, and had fallen to barely 1,000 by the next Reform Act, under which the borough was abolished that year.

St Ives county constituency[edit]

1885-1918

Division of counties into single-member constituencies was effected in 1885: Cornwall having six. The westernmost of these, in which St Ives stood, was formally The Western or St Ives Division of Cornwall but was most often referred to simply as St Ives or as West Cornwall.

This area included Penzance, Paul, Ludgvan and St Just, and stretched not only from Land's End to St Erth but also included the Isles of Scilly. This duchy seat was abnormally low in owner-occupiers, with many "nonconformist" Christians[2] and the Conservatives were consequently very weak. However, local sentiment was strongly against Irish Home Rule or independence, seen as a particular threat to the livelihood of the fishermen and other maritime employees who made up much of the electorate, and St Ives therefore became a Liberal Unionist stronghold from 1886.[n 7]

1918-1983

After the boundary revisions introduced at the general election of 1918, which brought in most of the villages on the Lizard Peninsula (though not Helston), the constituency was simply called Cornwall, St Ives. It underwent further boundary changes in 1950, bringing Helston into the constituency, and in 1983, when it was extended to include all of the Penwith local government district.

The character of the constituency was little changed any of these revisions, but party loyalties may have been disrupted by the 1918 changes. Labour put up a candidate for the first time in 1918, and took more than a third of the vote; at the next election, with Labour withdrawing and the Irish issue no longer able to help Cory, a Conservative was elected for the first time. For the next decade St Ives was a Conservative-Liberal marginal, changing hands four times in the 1920s. However, the formal split of National Liberals from the Liberals offered a popular compromise which suited the voters, so much so as to be a safe seat, and later for Conservatives when the National Liberals finally merged with them in the 1960s, until the formation of the Liberal Democrats re-invigorated the competition in the 1990s. Andrew George captured the seat after the retirement of the sitting Conservative MP in 1997, and took over half the vote in both 2001 and 2005.

Prominent members[edit]

1885-date

Walter Runciman held the most senior positions in Education, Agriculture and Trade taking together the period from 1908 until 1916 during the Asquith ministry. He was later re-appointed as the most senior minister in Trade from 1931 to 1937 in the all-party National Coalition Government.

Sir John Nott also held the most senior position in the Trade department before becoming Secretary of State for Defence, including during the Argentine invasion of the Falkland Islands and the ensuing Falklands War. His assertion that he was cutting the defence budget before the war was not capricious and he offered his resignation to Margaret Thatcher, however she kept him for the duration of the conflict and he stood down in 1983.

Usual late count in modern elections[edit]

At general elections, the constituency is usually one of the last to declare a result - the delay in bringing the ballot boxes over from the Isles of Scilly means that counting does not begin until the following day.[3] In the 2015 general election it was the last constituency in the United Kingdom to declare, because the ballot boxes were flown in from the Isles of Scilly only on the first scheduled flight the following morning, having been kept in police cells overnight on St Mary's,[4] with the declaration taking place at 15:30 on Friday afternoon.[5] However, in 1987 and 1992 the constituency did count during the night rather than the next day. The seat was declared at about 1:30 am in 1987 and about 3:45 am in 1992.

Boundaries[edit]

The St Ives constituency covers the southwest of Cornwall, taking in the most southerly and westerly points of England (both its mainland and if islands are included), taking in parts of the former Penwith and Kerrier Districts. The main towns in the constituency are Penzance, St Ives and Helston. It also includes the Isles of Scilly, not shown on the map (having 1,700 electors out of a total of 63,000). The seat features the Tate St Ives, St Michael's Mount (also an island) and Land's End.

Following the Boundary Commission' Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies, Parliament increased the number of seats in the county from five to six for the 2010 general election,[6] thus St Ives saw a loss of wards to the new Camborne and Redruth seat, including the St Ives Bay town of Hayle.[7]

The seat was defined (by the Fifth Periodic Review) as consisting of the following electoral wards:

Members of Parliament[edit]

1558–1629[edit]

Parliament of 1558 Thomas Randolph William Chambers
Parliament of 1559 Robert Harrington William Glasiour
Parliament of 1563-1567 John Harrington[n 8]
Parliament of 1571 Thomas Clinton John Newman
Parliament of 1572-1581 Thomas Randolph Edward Williams
Parliament of 1584-1585 John James Charles Blount[n 9]
Parliament of 1586-1587 Thomas Colby John Morley
Parliament of 1588-1589 Mark Steward Henry Hobart
Parliament of 1593 Noel Sotherton Nicholas Saunders
Parliament of 1597-1598 Vincent Skinner
Parliament of 1601 Thomas St Aubyn Thomas Barton
Parliament of 1604-1611 John Tregannon William Brook
Addled Parliament (1614) Sir Joseph Killigrew Sir Anthony Maney also elected for Cirencester
Thomas Tindall
Parliament of 1621-1622 Lord St John Robert Bacon
Happy Parliament (1624-1625) William Lake Sir Francis Godolphin
Useless Parliament (1625) Sir William Parkhurst
Parliament of 1625-1626 Edward Savage Benjamin Tichborne also elected for Petersfield
William Noy
Parliament of 1628-1629 John Payne Francis Godolphin
No Parliament summoned 1629-1640

1640–1832[edit]

Year First member[8] First party Second member[8] Second party
April 1640 William Dell Sir Henry Marten
November 1640 Lord Lisle[n 10] Parliamentarian Francis Godolphin Parliamentarian
1641 (?) Edmund Waller Royalist
July 1643 Waller disabled from sitting - seat vacant
1647 John Feilder Recruiter
December 1648 Godolphin not recorded as sitting after Pride's Purge
1653 St Ives was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament and the First and Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
January 1659 John St Aubyn Peter Silly
May 1659 John Feilder One seat vacant
May 1660[n 11] James Praed John St Aubyn
July 1660 Edward Nosworthy, senior
March 1661 James Praed
December 1661 John Basset
1662 Daniel O'Neill
1665 Edward Nosworthy, senior
1679 Edward Nosworthy, junior
1681 James Praed
1685 Charles Davenant Tory James St Amand
1689 James Praed Walter Vincent
1690 William Harris
1695 John Michell
1698 Sir Charles Wyndham
January 1701 Benjamin Overton
December 1701 Sir John Hawles Whig
1702 Richard Chaundler
1702 John Pitt
1705 Sir Bartholomew Gracedieu John Borlase
1708 John Praed
1710 John Hopkins
1713 Sir William Pendarves
1715 Lord Harry Powlett Whig Sir John Hobart
1722 Henry Knollys
1727 Major-General Sir Robert Rich
1734 William Mackworth Praed
1741 John Bristow Lieutenant-Colonel Gregory Beake
July 1747 Lord Hobart[n 12]
December 1747 John Plumptre
1751 Samuel Stephens
1754 Hon. George Hobart James Whitshed
1761 Humphrey Mackworth Praed Colonel Charles Hotham
1768 Thomas Durrant Adam Drummond
1774 William Praed [n 13]
1775 Thomas Wynn[n 14]
1778 Philip Dehany
1780 William Praed Abel Smith
1784 Richard Barwell
1790 William Mills
1796 Sir Richard Glyn
1802 Jonathan Raine
1806 Samuel Stephens Francis Horner Whig
1807 Sir Walter Stirling, 1st Baronet
1812 William Pole-Tylney-Long-Wellesley Tory
1818 Samuel Stephens
1820 Lyndon Evelyn Tory James Graham Whig
1821 Sir Christopher Hawkins, Bt Tory
1826 James Halse
1828 Charles Arbuthnot Tory
1830 William Pole-Tylney-Long-Wellesley Ultra Tory James Morrison
1831 James Halse Tory Edward Bulwer-Lytton Whig
1832 Representation reduced to one member

1832–1885[edit]

Election Member[8] Party
1832 James Halse Conservative
1838 by-election William Tyringham Praed Conservative
1846 by-election Lord William Powlett Conservative
1852 Robert Laffan Conservative
1857 Henry Paull Conservative
1868 Charles Magniac Liberal
1874 Edward Gershour Davenport Conservative
1874 by-election Charles Tyringham Praed Conservative
1875 by-election Charles Tyringham Praed Conservative
1880 Sir Charles Reed Liberal
1881 by-election Charles Campbell Ross Conservative
1885 Borough abolished; name transferred to county division

Since 1885[edit]

Election Member[8] Party
1885 Sir John St Aubyn Liberal
1886 Liberal Unionist
1887 by-election Thomas Bedford Bolitho Liberal Unionist
1900 Edward Hain Liberal Unionist
1904 Liberal
1906 Clifford John Cory Liberal
1922 John Anthony Hawke Conservative
1923 Clifford John Cory Liberal
1924 John Anthony Hawke Conservative
1928 by-election Hilda Runciman Liberal
1929 Walter Runciman Liberal
1931 National Liberal
1937 by-election Alec Beechman National Liberal
1950 Greville Howard National Liberal
1966 John Nott National Liberal
1968 Conservative
1983 David Harris Conservative
1997 Andrew George Liberal Democrat
2015 Derek Thomas Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: St Ives[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Derek Thomas 18,491 38.3 -0.7
Liberal Democrat Andrew George 16,022 33.2 -9.6
UKIP Graham Calderwood 5,720 11.8 +6.3
Labour Cornelius Olivier 4,510 9.3 +1.2
Green Tim Andrewes 3,051 6.3 +3.5
Mebyon Kernow Rob Simmons 518 1.1 +0.2
Majority 2,469 5.1 N/A
Turnout 48,312 73.7 +5.1
Conservative gain from Liberal Democrat Swing +4.5
General Election 2010: St Ives[10][11][12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Democrat Andrew George 19,619 42.7 -9.1
Conservative Derek Thomas 17,900 39.0 +11.7
Labour Philippa Jocelyn Latimer 3,751 8.2 -4.4
UKIP Michael Patrick Faulkner 2,560 5.6 +0.5
Green Tim Andrewes 1,308 2.8 -1.1
Cornish Democrats Jonathan Rogers 396 0.9 N/A
Mebyon Kernow Simon John Reed 387 0.8 N/A
Majority 1,719 3.74 -12.64
Turnout 45,921 68.6 +0.8
Liberal Democrat hold Swing -10.39

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: St Ives[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Democrat Andrew George 25,577 50.7 -0.9
Conservative Christian Mitchell 13,968 27.7 -3.5
Labour Michael Dooley 6,583 13.1 -0.2
UKIP Michael Patrick Faulkner 2,551 5.1 +2.1
Green Katrina Slack 1,738 3.4 N/A
Majority 11,609 23.03 +2.63
Turnout 50,417 72.4 +2.3
Liberal Democrat hold Swing +1.3
General Election 2001: St Ives[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Democrat Andrew George 25,413 51.6 +7.1
Conservative Joanna Mary Richardson 15,360 31.2 +0.8
Labour William Morris 6,567 13.3 -1.9
UKIP Michael Patrick Faulkner 1,926 3.9 +2.9
Majority 10,053 20.4 +7.1
Turnout 49,266 66.3 -8.9
Liberal Democrat hold Swing -3.6

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: St Ives[15][16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Democrat Andrew George 23,966 43.4 +3.3
Conservative William Rogers 16,796 30.4 -12.5
Labour Christopher Fagan 8,184 14.8 -1.2
Referendum Michael Faulkner 3,714 6.7 N/A
UKIP Patricia Garnier 1,926 3.5 N/A
Liberal Graham Stephens 425 0.8 -1.2
Radical Alternative Kevin Lippiat 178 0.3 N/A
Black Haired Medium Build Caucasian Male William Hitchins 71 0.1 N/A
Majority 7,170 13.3 N/A
Turnout 55,260 75.2 -5.1
Liberal Democrat gain from Conservative Swing +8.1
General Election 1992: St Ives[17][18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative David Harris 24,528 42.9 -5.4
Liberal Democrat Andrew George 22,883 40.1 +6.2
Labour Stephen Warren 9,144 16.0 -1.8
Liberal Graham Stephens 577 1.0 N/A
Majority 1,645 2.9 -11.6
Turnout 57,132 80.3 +3.1
Conservative hold Swing -5.8

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: St Ives[19][20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative David Harris 25,174 48.4 -3.0
Social Democratic Hugh Harold John Carter 17,619 33.8 -1.0
Labour Ian Hope 9,275 17.8 +6.6
Majority 7,555 14.5 -2.1
Turnout 52,069 77.2 +3.3
Conservative hold Swing -1
General Election 1983: St Ives[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative David Harris 24,297 51.4 -2.6
Social Democratic Hugh Harold John Carter 16,438 34.8 N/A
Labour Mary Crowley 5,310 11.2 -10.3
Mebyon Kernow Pedyr Prior 569 1.2 -2.8
Ecology H Hoptrough 439 0.9 -0.1
Independent N Horner 219 0.5 N/A
Majority 7,859 16.6 -16.6
Turnout 47,272 73.9 -3.13
Conservative hold Swing -18.7

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: St Ives
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Nott 22,352 54.0 +8.6
Labour RD Evans 8,636 20.9 -3.9
Liberal J Cotton 8,299 20.1 -9.8
Mebyon Kernow Colin Murley 1,662 4.0 N/A
Ecology H Hoptrough 427 1.0 N/A
Majority 13,716 33.2 +17.7
Turnout 41,376 77.03 +3.33
Conservative hold Swing +6.25
General Election, October 1974: St Ives
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Nott 17,198 45.4 +0.3
Liberal Terence Tonkin 11,330 29.9 -1.8
Labour Bruce Tidy 9,388 24.8 +2.0
Majority 5,888 15.5 +2.1
Turnout 37,916 73.7 -5.7
Conservative hold Swing +1.05
General Election, February 1974: St Ives
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Nott 18,290 45.1 -5.8
Liberal Terence Tonkin 12,865 31.7 +9.8
Labour Bruce Tidy 9,231 22.8 -4.4
Independent GT Taylor 177 0.4 N/A
Majority 5,425 13.4 -10.4
Turnout 40,563 79.4 +4.3
Conservative hold Swing -7.8
General Election 1970: St Ives[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John William Frederic Nott 18,581 50.9 +9.6
Labour Maureen Castle 9,913 27.2 -3.8
Liberal Howard Levett Fry 7,981 21.9 -5.8
Majority 8,688 23.8
Turnout 36,476 75.1
Conservative hold Swing +6.7

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: St Ives[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Liberal John William Frederic Nott 14,312 41.3 -1.3
Labour Thomas F G Jones 10,713 31.0 +2.9
Liberal John C T Trewin 9,593 27.7 -1.6
Majority 3,599 10.4 -3.0
Turnout 34,620 77.9 +2.8
National Liberal hold Swing -2.1
General Election 1964: St Ives[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Liberal Hon. Greville Reginald Charles Howard 14,040 42.6 -5.3
Liberal Gerald Edward Leaman Whitmarsh 9,641 29.3 +4.1
Labour Thomas F G Jones 9,265 28.1 +1.2
Majority 4,399 13.4 -7.7
Turnout 32,946 75.1 +0.7
National Liberal hold Swing -4.7

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: St Ives[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Liberal Hon. Greville Reginald Charles Howard 15,700 47.9 -4.1
Labour Duncan Longden 8,802 26.8 -2.8
Liberal Gerald Edward Leaman Whitmarsh 8,258 25.2 +6.9
Majority 6,898 21.1 -1.4
Turnout 32,760 74.4 +0.5
National Liberal hold Swing -0.7
General Election 1955: St Ives[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Liberal Hon. Greville Reginald Charles Howard 17,063 52.0 -1.3
Labour Leslie Statton Pawley 9,728 29.6 -2.2
Liberal Desmond Anderson Harvie Banks 6,020 18.3 +3.4
Majority 7,335 22.4 +0.8
Turnout 32,811 73.9 -4.8
National Liberal hold Swing +0.4
General Election 1951: St Ives[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Liberal Hon. Greville Reginald Charles Howard 18,828 53.3 +7.3
Labour Arthur Maddison 11,216 31.8 +1.1
Liberal John Dennis Gilbert Kellock 5,273 14.9 -8.4
Majority 7,612 21.6 +6.3
Turnout 35,317 78.7 -2.9
National Liberal hold Swing +3.1
General Election 1950: St Ives[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Liberal Hon. Greville Reginald Charles Howard 16,653 46.0 -1.3
Labour Peter David Shore 11,118 30.7 +3.5
Liberal Eric Farquhar Allison 8,421 23.3 -2.2
Majority 5,535 15.3 -4.8
Turnout 36,192 81.6 +11.0
National Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: St Ives[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal National Nevil Alexander Beechman 14,256 47.3 -3.1
Labour Henry A Brinton 8,190 27.2 n/a
Liberal Maj. Eric Farquhar Allison 7,692 25.5 -24.1
Majority 6,066 20.1 +19.3
Turnout 30,138 70.6 +4.5
Liberal National hold Swing n/a

General Election 1939/40: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

St Ives by-election, 1937[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal National Nevil Alexander Beechman 13,044 50.4 n/a
Liberal Rt Hon. Isaac Foot 12,834 49.6 n/a
Majority 210 0.8 n/a
Turnout 25,878 66.1 n/a
Liberal National hold Swing n/a
General Election 1935: St Ives[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal National Rt Hon. Walter Runciman unopposed n/a n/a
Liberal National hold Swing n/a
General Election 1931: St Ives[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal National Rt Hon. Walter Runciman unopposed n/a n/a
Liberal National hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

Walter Runciman
General Election 1929: St Ives[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Rt Hon. Walter Runciman 12,443 43.2 +0.6
Unionist Sir Andrew Caird 11,411 39.7 +0.3
Labour William Edward Arnold-Forster 4,920 17.1 -0.9
Majority 1,032 3.5 +0.3
Turnout 28,764 76.5 -0.9
Liberal hold Swing +0.2
St Ives by-election, 1928: St Ives[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Hilda Runciman 10,241 42.6 -4.4
Unionist Sir Andrew Caird 9,478 39.4 -13.6
Labour Rev. Frederick Jesse Hopkins 4,343 18.0 n/a
Majority 763 3.2 9.2
Turnout 24,062 77.4 +8.3
Liberal gain from Unionist Swing +4.6
General Election 1924: St Ives[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist John Anthony Hawke 11,159 53.0 +12.4
Liberal Sir Clifford John Cory 9,912 47.0 +0.5
Majority 1,247 6.0 11.9
Turnout 21,071 69.1 -2.3
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +6.0
General Election 1923: St Ives[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Sir Clifford John Cory 9,922 46.5 +0.0
Unionist John Anthony Hawke 8,652 40.6 -12.9
Labour Albert Edward Dunn 2,749 12.9 n/a
Majority 1,270 5.9 12.9
Turnout 21,323 71.4 +5.8
Liberal gain from Unionist Swing +6.5
General Election 1922 : St Ives[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist John Anthony Hawke 10,388 53.5 n/a
National Liberal Sir Clifford John Cory 9,016 46.5 -12.1
Majority 1,372 7.0 27.2
Turnout 19,404 65.6 +13.9
Unionist gain from National Liberal Swing n/a

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918 St Ives[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal 8,659 58.6 +2.6
Labour Albert Edward Dunn 6,659 38.4 n/a
Independent Unionist Thomas Francis Tregoy Mitchell 436 3.0 n/a
Majority 3,000 20.2 +8.2
Turnout 14,754 51.7 -29.0
Liberal hold Swing n/a
  • endorsed by the Coalition Government

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

General Election December 1910: St Ives[24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Sir Clifford John Cory 4,253 56.0 +0.6
Liberal Unionist Roland Edmund Lomax Vaughan-Williams 3,338 44.0 -0.6
Majority 915 12.0 +1.2
Turnout 7,591 80.7 -4.8
Liberal hold Swing +0.6
General Election January 1910: St Ives[24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Sir Clifford John Cory 4,458 55.4 -2.8
Liberal Unionist Cecil Bingham Levita 3,586 44.6 +2.8
Majority 872 10.8 -5.6
Turnout 8,044 85.5 +4.3
Liberal hold Swing -2.8

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

Clifford Cory
General Election 1906: St Ives[24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Clifford John Cory 4,244 58.2 n/a
Liberal Unionist Philip Edward Pilditch 3,052 41.8 n/a
Majority 1,192 16.4
Turnout 7,296 81.2 n/a
Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist Swing n/a
General Election 1900: St Ives[24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Edward Hain unopposed n/a n/a
Liberal Unionist hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

Bolitho
General Election 1895: St Ives [24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Thomas Bedford Bolitho unopposed n/a n/a
Liberal Unionist hold Swing n/a
General Election 1892: St Ives [24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Thomas Bedford Bolitho unopposed n/a n/a
Liberal Unionist hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

St Ives by-election, 1887[24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Thomas Bedford Bolitho unopposed n/a n/a
Liberal Unionist hold Swing n/a
General Election 1886: St Ives [24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Sir John St Aubyn 3,395 79.3 +23.0
Liberal S Barrow 888 20.7 -23.0
Majority 2,507 58.6 46.0
Turnout 4,283 56.3 -21.1
Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +23.0
General Election 1885: St Ives [24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Sir John St Aubyn 3,313 56.3
Conservative Charles Campbell Ross 2,576 43.7
Majority 737 12.6
Turnout 5,889 77.4
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing
St Ives by-election, 1881[24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Charles Campbell Ross 462 56.2
Liberal W C Pendarves 360 43.8
Majority 102 12.4
Turnout 822 81.2
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing
General Election 1880: St Ives [24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Sir Charles Reed 487 52.6
Conservative Charles Campbell Ross 439 47.4
Majority 48 5.2
Turnout 826 81.6
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1870s[edit]

St. Ives by-election, 1875[24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Charles Tyringham Praed 658 55.5
Liberal Sir Francis Lycett 550 44.5
Majority 108 11.0
Turnout 1,208 85.7
Conservative hold Swing n/a

Election was declared viod on petition.

St. Ives by-election, 1874[24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Charles Tyringham Praed 617 52.8
Liberal Sir Francis Lycett 552 47.2
Majority 65 5.6
Turnout 1,169 81.7
Conservative hold Swing n/a

By-election caused by the death of E G Davenport

General Election 1874: St Ives [24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Edward Gershour Davenport 751 63.5 +
Liberal J B Bolitho 432 36.5 -
Majority 319 27.0
Turnout 1,183 82.7
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing n/a

Elections in the 1860s[edit]

General Election 1868: St Ives [24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Charles Magniac unopposed n/a n/a
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing
General Election 1865: St Ives [24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Henry Paull 233 56.8
Liberal E Vivian 177 43.2
Majority 56 13.6
Turnout 410 84.3
Conservative hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1850s[edit]

General Election 1859: St Ives [24]

Electorate 522

Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Henry Paull 257 66.4
Liberal G Geissler 130 33.6
Majority 127 32.8
Turnout 410 84.3
Conservative hold Swing n/a
General Election 1857: St Ives [24]

Electorate 536

Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Henry Paull unopposed n/a n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a
General Election 1852: St Ives [24]

Electorate 578

Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Robert Laffan 256 52.0
Conservative Henry Paull 218 44.3
Liberal R E Barnes 18 3.7
Majority 38 5.7
Turnout 4,283 56.3 -21.1
Conservative hold Swing n/a

1832-1839[edit]

Election Political result Candidate Party Votes % ±%
St Ives by-election, 1838
Electorate: 566
Turnout: 504
Conservative hold
Majority: 8
William Tyringham Praed Conservative 256
F H Stephens Conservative 248
General Election 1837
Electorate: 579
Turnout: 495
Conservative hold
Majority: 49
James Halse Conservative 272
William Tyringham Praed Conservative 223
General Election 1835 Conservative hold James Halse Conservative unopposed
General Election 1832
Electorate: 584
Turnout: 509
Conservative hold
Majority: 134
James Halse Conservative 302
William Tyringham Praed Conservative 168
H L Stephens Conservative 39

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ Earls of Buckinghamshire from 1746
  4. ^ Lord of a local manor
  5. ^ Presumably qualified voters, ensuring that it would be futile to contest here.
  6. ^ in his Representative History of Great Britain and Ireland
  7. ^ Even though its MP from 1906, Sir Clifford Cory, was nominally a Liberal rather than a Unionist and stood against Liberal Unionists, he consistently stated his opposition to Irish Home Rule to voters at each election.
  8. ^ Possibly this is John Harington (treasurer)
  9. ^ The Dictionary of National Biography records that Blount was elected for Berealston, which he certainly represented in the following two Parliaments; but Browne Willis (whose information on the Parliament of 1584-5 Neale refers to as "fairly reliable") gives two other names for Berealston and lists Blount for St Ives
  10. ^ Lisle was also elected for Yarmouth (Isle of Wight), which he chose to represent, and did not sit for St Ives
  11. ^ In April 1660, St Ives made a double return; on 5 May 1660, the Commons resolved "That John St Aubyn and James Praed, esqrs, being duly returned by the proper officers, they ought to sit".
  12. ^ Hobart was also elected for Norwich, which he chose to represent, and never sat for St Ives
  13. ^ On petition, Praed was declared not to have been duly elected, and a by-election was held
  14. ^ Created The Lord Newborough (in the Peerage of Ireland) in 1776

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ "There are places of worship for the Countess of Huntingdon's Connexion, Primitive Methodists, and Wesleyans, which last have also a meeting-house in the village of Halsetown" Samuel Lewis (editor) (1848). "Ives, St. (parish of St Andrew)". A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 21 March 2013. 
  3. ^ "Order of Declaration in the 2001 Election". demon.co.uk. 
  4. ^ Scilly Today Scilly’s Polling Stations Open But Result Expected To Be Latest In UK (7 May 2015)
  5. ^ BBC News Lib Dems defeated by Conservatives in Cornwall (8 May 2015)
  6. ^ "Final recommendations for Parliamentary constituencies in the county of Cornwall and the Isles of Scilly". Boundary Commission for England. 2005-01-09. Retrieved 2010-05-01. [dead link]
  7. ^ a b Fifth periodic report - Non-Metropolitan Counties and the Unitary Authorities The Stationery Office Published 26 February 2007 ISBN 0-10-170322-8
  8. ^ a b c d Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "S" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
  9. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  10. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  11. ^ Lavery, Kevin (20 April 2010). "St. Ives statement of persons nominated and notice of poll" (PDF). Acting Returning Officer, Cornwall Council. Retrieved 20 April 2010. 
  12. ^ "BBC NEWS – Election 2010 – St Ives". BBC News. 
  13. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  14. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  15. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  16. ^ "St Ives". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Retrieved 20 May 2016. 
  17. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  18. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 Dec 2010. 
  19. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  20. ^ "UK General Election results June 1987". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resource. Retrieved 5 February 2011. 
  21. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  22. ^ a b c d e f g British parliamentary election results, 1950-1973 by FWS Craig
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
  24. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)

Sources[edit]