St James Episcopal Church (Baltimore, Maryland)

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St. James Episcopal Church, Lafayette Square
St james episcopal church baltimore front.jpg
39°17′56″N 76°38′08″W / 39.2990°N 76.6355°W / 39.2990; -76.6355Coordinates: 39°17′56″N 76°38′08″W / 39.2990°N 76.6355°W / 39.2990; -76.6355
LocationCorner of Lafayette and Arlington Avenues,
Baltimore, Maryland, United States
DenominationEpiscopal
ChurchmanshipBroad church
History
StatusParish church
Founded1824
Founder(s)Rev. William Levington
DedicationSt. James
Architecture
Functional statusActive
Heritage designationMaryland landmark
Designated1992
Architectural typeChurch
StyleGothic Revival
Groundbreaking1866
Specifications
Capacity300
Materialsgranite and sandstone
Administration
ParishSt. James Parish
DioceseMaryland
ProvinceThird
Clergy
RectorAllen F. Robinson

St. James Episcopal Church Lafayette Square, or St. James African Episcopal Church, founded in 1824, is a historic Episcopal church now located at 1024 W. Lafayette Avenue in the Lafayette Square Historic District of Baltimore, Maryland.[1]

History[edit]

The historically African American parish, the first Colored Episcopal Mission south of the Mason–Dixon line, was first organized and Rev. William Levington held its first service in an "Upper Room" at Park Avenue and Marion Street on June 23, 1824. Only St. Philips Episcopal Church in New York and St. Thomas Church in Philadelphia (where Rev. Levington was ordained) are older.[2] The congregation moved several times under Rev. Levington, building a new church at North (now Guilford) and Saratoga Streets which was dedicated on March 31, 1827. After his death, the congregation had a series of white ministers and lost its status as an independent parish.[3]

Rev. George Freeman Bragg, a historian of early African Episcopal congregations, became the congregation's rector in 1891 (by which time it had moved to Lexington and High Streets). He served 49 years until his death in 1940. In 1901 the congregation had grown such that they built and consecrated a new building at Park Avenue and Preston Street. By 1924 this parish was among the largest Black Episcopalian congregations in the country, with more than 500 parishioners. On Easter, 1932, the congregation held their first services in the current building, which it had bought from the white congregation, Church of the Ascension, which had moved to Middle River, Maryland.

Rev. Donald Wilson served as rector from 1963 until his retirement in 1986, and oversaw significant changes in the neighborhood surrounding the parish. Under his leadership, the parish invested in the surrounding neighborhood, building the St. James Terrace Apartments in 1968.

In 1993, lightning struck the church and destroyed the rose window, among other significant damage, but Bishop Charles L. Longest[4] reconsecrated the building on June 11, 1995. The congregation's next rector, Michael Bruce Curry (1988-2000) resigned to become Bishop of Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina. The current rector, Allen F. Robinson, has served since 2002. In 2008, the parish hosted the diocesan convention which elected Eugene Sutton as the first African American to become Bishop of the Diocese of Maryland.[5]

Architecture[edit]

According to the Maryland historic buildings survey, noteworthy features of this stone building include the stepped buttresses, pointed-arch entrances in the center and right, together with their stone hoods, the tower which suggests an Italian Romanesque campanile, the small ascending pointed windows including the bulls-eye window at the second level and the rose window above the entrance.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Maryland Historical Trust site B-4436 available at http://mdihp.net/dsp_county.cfm?search=county&id=43643&viewer=true&updated=Y&criteria1=L&criteria2=BC[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ http://baltimore.cbslocal.com/2014/01/11/baltimore-church-celebrates-190-years-of-service/
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-02-22. Retrieved 2014-07-21.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ http://articles.baltimoresun.com/1997-10-15/news/1997288109_1_bishop-suffragan-episcopal-diocese-lacrosse
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-02-22. Retrieved 2014-07-21.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ MD survey B-4436 at p. 30 at http://mdihp.net/dsp_county.cfm?search=county&id=43643&viewer=true&updated=Y&criteria1=L&criteria2=BC[permanent dead link]