St John the Divine, Richmond
|St John the Divine, Richmond|
St John the Divine from St John's Road, Richmond
|Denomination||Church of England|
|Architect(s)||Lewis Vulliamy (original building); Arthur Grove (later additions and church hall)|
|Style||Early Gothic revival|
|Parish||St John the Divine, Richmond|
|Deanery||Richmond & Barnes|
|Director of music||Mark Laflin|
|Parish administrator||Liz Roberts|
|Official name||Church of St John the Divine|
|Designated||10 January 1950|
St John the Divine, Richmond, in the Anglican Diocese of Southwark, is a Grade II listed church on Kew Road, in Richmond, London, near Richmond railway station. Built in 1836, and a parish in its own right since 1838, it was designed by Lewis Vulliamy in the Early Gothic Revival architectural style.
Richmond grew rapidly during the 18th and early 19th centuries. By the 1820s, Richmond's original parish church, St Mary Magdalene, was too small. Having recognised the need for another chapel, the vestry commissioned new construction by 1831. The new building, St John the Divine, was completed in 1836. It was built from 1831 to 1836 on a site provided by local resident and landowner, William Selwyn (1775–1855); the architect was Lewis Vulliamy. Bridget Cherry and Nikolaus Pevsner criticise Vulliamy's "craziest W spire and senseless flying buttresses from the W porches up to the nave" but describe Grove's east end (added in the early 20th century) as "a fine composition".
In 1838 it became a parish church in its own right.
A chancel, south chapel and vestries were added in 1904–1905; they were designed by Arthur Grove. In 1908, Nathaniel Westlake painted the sanctuary ceiling with illustrations of the Book of Revelation, chapter 14, and created the triptych behind the altar, The Stations of the Cross were carved between 1955 and 1970 by Freda Skinner. Eric Gill carved the stonework on the triptych and over the sacristy door.
The church hall, in brick, was built in 1911.
In 1980–1981 adaptations were made to the church to enable it be used occasionally for concerts and to provide a meeting room, toilet facilities and residential accommodation. The architects were Dry Hastwell Butlin Bicknell, a partnership of David Dry (1934–2011), Vince Hastwell, George Butlin and Roger Bicknell.
Recently the reredos in the Lady Chapel has been restored by Howell and Bellion.
Vigo Auguste Demant (1893–1983), vicar at St John the Divine from 1933 to 1942, became a Canon of St Paul's Cathedral and an Oxford University professor. A regular broadcaster on the BBC's Third Programme in the 1950s, he served on the committee that produced the 1957 Wolfenden report which recommended that "homosexual behaviour between consenting adults in private should no longer be a criminal offence".
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- Cloake, John (1991). Richmond Past: A Visual History of Richmond, Kew, Petersham and Ham, London: Historical Publications, p. 92, ISBN 0-948667-14-1, quoted in Brown, Ingrid (10 September 2011). "St.Matthias' Church and the Medievalism of Sir George Gilbert Scott". The Victoria Web. Retrieved 16 April 2015.
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- "History of St John the Divine". Richmond Team Ministry. Retrieved 19 January 2013.
- Bundy, Michael (July 1993). "The Beale and Thynne Organ in St John the Divine, Richmond". Bios Reporter. British Institute of Organ Studies. XVII (3). Archived from the original on 4 January 2014. Retrieved 9 May 2015.
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- "Religion: Will Civilization Survive?". Time Magazine. 10 July 1950. Retrieved 20 January 2013.
- Report of the Committee on Homosexual Offences and Prostitution (1957). London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office.
- "Theology". St John the Divine. Richmond Team Ministry. Retrieved 13 August 2015.
- "Welcome to St John the Divine". St John the Divine. Richmond Team Ministry. Retrieved 13 August 2015.